Reynolds History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Reynolds reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Reynolds family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name Reynolds is based on the Norman given name Reginald or Regenweald, meaning brave councilor, which is an alteration of the Old French name Reinold. "Several tenants in chief in Domesday [Book] are called Rainaldus. Reynell, Reynard, Reynardson, Rennal." [1]

"Its area of distribution is confined, for the most part, to the central part of England extending to the eastern counties between the Wash and the Thames. It is rare or absent in the south coast counties, excluding Cornwall, and excepting a scanty representation in Lancashire it does not occur north of a line drawn from the Humber to the Mersey. Shropshire, Norfolk, Wilts, and Cornwall are its principal homes." [2]

Early Origins of the Reynolds family

The surname Reynolds was first found in Somerset where they were granted lands by William the Conqueror after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. Early records of the name mention Willemus filius Raunaldi who was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. Walter Reynolds (died 1327) was Bishop of Worcester, Archbishop of Canterbury (1313-1327), Lord High Treasurer and Lord Chancellor. [3]

"The manor of Trebartha [in Cornwall] is said to have belonged to Walter Reynell, a knight of Gascony, so early as the reign of Richard I. at which time he was Castellan of Launceston." [4]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed John Reynold, Cambridgeshire; Roger filius Reynald, Oxfordshire; and William filius Reynaud, Cambridgeshire. And the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed Rainaldus filius Willelmi; and Ricardus Raynoldson. [5]

Early History of the Reynolds family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Reynolds research. Another 137 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1191, 1191, 1194, 1198, 1327, 1313, 1327, 1588, 1655, 1549, 1607, 1544, 1594, 1599, 1676, 1589, 1655, 1624, 1625, 1657, 1655, 1657, 1636, 1690, 1657, 1612 and 1663 are included under the topic Early Reynolds History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Reynolds Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Reynolds are characterized by many spelling variations. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Reynolds include Reynell, Reynolds, Reynold, Reynalds, Reynell, Renaud, Renaut, Renouf, Rennard, Renals, Rennell, Rennels and many more.

Early Notables of the Reynolds family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Walter Reynolds (d. 1327) the son of a Windsor baker, who became a favorite of King Edward II, Archbishop of Canterbury (1313-1327); John Reynolds (c. 1588-c. 1655), an English merchant and writer from Exeter, produced a series of violent stories around marriage, adultery and murder as well as some political writings that caused him to be imprisoned. John Reynolds or Rainolds (1549-1607), was English president of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, and dean of Lincoln, born at Pinhoe, near Exeter. William Reinolds (c. 1544-1594), was an English Roman Catholic divine, second son of Richard Rainolds...
Another 152 words (11 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Reynolds Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Reynolds family to Ireland

Some of the Reynolds family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 59 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Reynolds migration to the United States +

Faced with the chaos present in England at that time, many English families looked towards the open frontiers of the New World with its opportunities to escape oppression and starvation. People migrated to North America, as well as Australia and Ireland in droves, paying exorbitant rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, but those who did see the shores of North America were welcomed with great opportunity. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Reynolds, or a variant listed above:

Reynolds Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Christopher Reynolds, who settled in Virginia in 1622
  • Robert Reynolds, who settled in Salem in 1630 with his wife Mary and his four children
  • Robert Reynolds, who settled in Salem in 1630 with Mary and his four children
  • Henry Reynolds, who landed in Lynn, Massachusetts in 1647 [6]
  • Dorothy Reynolds, who arrived in Maryland in 1655
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Reynolds Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Darby Reynolds, who arrived in Virginia in 1702 [6]
  • Edward Reynolds, a convict sent to Annapolis, Maryland in 1719
  • Arnold Reynolds, who arrived in Maryland in 1740 [6]
Reynolds Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Agnes Reynolds, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1812 [6]
  • Allen Reynolds, aged 45, who arrived in New Orleans, La in 1829 [6]
  • David Reynolds, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1830 [6]
  • Darius Leverest Reynolds, who landed in Louisiana in 1833 [6]
  • Catherine Reynolds, aged 11, who landed in Baltimore, Maryland in 1834 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Reynolds Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Cyril Revell Reynolds, who landed in Colorado in 1901 [6]

Canada Reynolds migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Reynolds Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Benjamin Reynolds, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1761
  • Mr. James Reynolds U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway, [Shelbourne], Nova Scotia on October 26, 1783 was passenger number 199 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on September 28, 1783 at Staten Island, New York, USA [7]
  • Mr. Jesse Reynolds U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [7]
  • Mr. Joshua Reynolds U.E. who settled in New Brunswick c. 1784 [7]
  • Mr. Pine Reynolds U.E. who settled in New Brunswick c. 1784 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Reynolds Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Benjamin, Caleb, and Thomas Reynolds were among the United Empire Loyalists who, who settled in Ontario, Canada following the American War of Independence
  • Christopher Reynolds, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1830
  • Robert Reynolds, aged 36, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • Margaret Reynolds, aged 35, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • Alice Dunphy Reynolds, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1835
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Reynolds migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Reynolds Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Richard Reynolds, Cornish settler convicted in Bodmin, Cornwall, UK on 6th August 1787, sentenced for 7 years for burglary, transported aboard the ship "Neptune" on 19th January 1790 to New South Wales, Australia [8]
Reynolds Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Reynolds, British convict who was convicted in York, Yorkshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Calcutta" in February 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [9]
  • George Reynolds, Scottish convict from Edinburgh, who was transported aboard the "Agamemnon" on April 22, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • John Reynolds, English convict from Southampton, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Australia [11]
  • Patrick Reynolds, a smith, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • George Reynolds, a bricklayer, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Reynolds migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Reynolds Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Jane Reynolds, aged 22, a dressmaker, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburgh" in 1840
  • Mr. Reynolds, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Jane" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 24th May 1841 [12]
  • George Reynolds, who arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Jane" in 1841
  • Edward Reynolds, aged 32, a cabinet maker, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "George Fyfe" in 1842
  • Harriet Reynolds, aged 28, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "George Fyfe" in 1842
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Reynolds (post 1700) +

  • Frank James Reynolds (1923-1983), American television journalist for CBS and ABC News, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Burton Leon "Burt" Reynolds (1936-2018), American Emmy Award, Golden Globe and People's Choice Award winning actor, director and voice artist, probably best known for his roles in the Smokey and the Bandit series, The Longest Yard and White Lightning
  • Sir Joshua Reynolds RA FRS FRSA (1723-1792), English portrait painter from Plympton, Devon, first President of the Royal Academy
  • Mr. Daniel Coulter Reynolds (b. 1987), born in Las Vegas, Nevada, known as "Dan" American singer, song writer and producer, lead singer for Imagine Dragons
  • Gary Reynolds (d. 2020), American National Football League coach for the Green Bay Packers
  • Gene Reynolds (1923-2020), stage name of Eugene Reynolds Blumenthal, an American two-time Prime Time Emmy Award winning actor, television writer, director, and producer of the TV series M*A*S*H
  • Debbie Reynolds (1932-2016), born Mary Frances Reynolds, American Academy Award and Golden Globe nominated, Emmy Award winning actress, singer, and dancer; she died the day after her daughter, Carrie Fisher
  • Richard Floyd "Dick" Reynolds (1927-2014), American politician
  • Benny Reynolds (1936-2014), American rodeo champion, awarded the World Champion All Around Cowboy title in 1961
  • Herbert Hal Reynolds (1930-2007), American academic, President of Baylor University from 1981 to 1995
  • ... (Another 290 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Jessey T Reynolds (b. 1948), American Staff Sergeant from Jamestown, Tennessee, USA who died in the crash [13]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. John A Reynolds (b. 1920), English Stoker 2nd Class serving for the Royal Navy from Richmond, Surrey, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [14]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. S Reynolds, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Roy Reynolds, British Boy 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Jack Reynolds, British Sergeant, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking, also sailed aboard the HMS Stronghold [15]
  • Mr. Clifford Benjamin Reynolds (1920-1942), Welsh Able Seaman from Wales, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking, was listed as missing and presumed killed during the evacuation of Singapore 1942 [15]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Albert Reynolds, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [16]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Donald Alexander Reynolds (1920-1939), British Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [17]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Patrick Reynolds, English Fireman from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [18]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Harold J. Reynolds (d. 1912), aged 21, English Third Class passenger from London who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Montmagny [19]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Earl Arthur Reynolds, American Seaman Second Class from Colorado, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [20]
  • Mr. Jack Franklyn Reynolds, American Seaman First Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [20]


The Reynolds Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Jus meum tuebor
Motto Translation: I will defend my right.


Suggested Readings for the name Reynolds +

  • 99 The Gilded Leaf: Triumphs, Tragedy, And Tobacco: Three Generations of the R.J. Reynolds Family and Fortune by Patrick Reynolds, Lamshead Before Interwoven: a Texas Range Chronicle, 1848-1878 by France Mayhugh Holden.

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
  5. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  8. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_convicts.pdf
  9. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/calcutta
  10. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Agamemnon voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1820 with 179 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/agamemnon/1820
  11. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 190 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1822
  12. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  13. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  14. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  15. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  16. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  17. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  18. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  19. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  20. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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