Randolph History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Randolph family

The surname Randolph was first found in Yorkshire where one of the first records of the name was found at Middleham. "About the year 1190, a splendid castle was built here by Robert Fitz-Ranulph, in which, according to Stowe, Falconbridge, a partisan of Henry VI., was beheaded in 1471; though Speed says he was executed at Southampton. " [1]

Randulf (died 1129), also named Le Meschin, Earl of Chester was the son and heir of Randulf, called 'de Brichessart' (from Briquessart, his family seat), hereditary vicomte of the Bessin in Normandy. However, his position and name was historically in dispute. "According to Dugdale, he came over with the Conqueror, and received the city of Carlisle, of which he became earl. Freeman asserted that he became earl of Cumberland; but, as Mr. Eyton rightly points out, Randulf was never 'earl,' but merely 'lord' of the district." [2]

His son, Randulf, called De Gernons, Earl of Chester (d. 1153) succeeded his lands shortly before 1130. The Pipe Rolls of 1130 list he was indebted to the crown for large sums, including £1,000. which his father had died owing for the fief of his kinsman the Earl of Chester. [2]

Richard FitzRalph, "in Latin Ricardus films Radulphi, often referred to simply as 'Armachanus' or 'Ardmachanus' (d. 1360), was Archbishop of Armagh and born probably in the last years of the thirteenth century at Dundalk in the county of Louth. " [2]

Early History of the Randolph family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Randolph research. Another 63 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1200, 1566, 1523, 1590, 1523, 1590, 1558, 1605, 1635, 1632, 1703, 1684, 1650, 1711, 1698, 1681, 1741, 1683, 1729, 1684, 1742, 1691, 1749, 1727 and 1172 are included under the topic Early Randolph History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Randolph Spelling Variations

Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled FitzRandolph, FitzRandolf, FetzRandolff, FitzRandulf, Randolph, FitzRaulf and many more.

Early Notables of the Randolph family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Edward Randolph (died 1566), English soldier, probably a brother of Thomas Randolph (1523-1590), born at Badlesmere in Kent. "He made himself sufficiently prominent in Edward VI's time to find it necessary to flee to Paris on the accession of Mary. But, like other rebels, he soon tired of exile, and his known value as a soldier rendered the negotiations for his pardon easy." [2] Thomas Randolph (1523-1590) was an English ambassador, son of Avery Randolph of Badlesmere, Kent. In 1558, Randolph was acting as an agent of the English government in Germany. Thomas Randolph (1605-1635)...
Another 186 words (13 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Randolph Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Randolph family to Ireland

Some of the Randolph family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 62 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Randolph migration to the United States +

Because of the political and religious discontent in England, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Randolph name or one of its variants:

Randolph Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Milward Randolph, who arrived in Virginia in 1621
  • Edward Randolph, who arrived in Barnstable, Massachusetts in 1630
  • Henry Randolph, who settled in Virginia in 1642
  • William Randolph, who arrived in Jamestown, VA in 1672
  • Henry Randolph, who landed in Virginia in 1673 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Randolph Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Merryman Randolph, who landed in Virginia in 1711 [3]
  • Richard Randolph, who landed in Virginia in 1711 [3]
  • William Randolph, who landed in Virginia in 1711 [3]
  • Timothy Randolph, who arrived in Georgia in 1737 [3]
Randolph Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Lewis Randolph, aged 28, who arrived in New York in 1812 [3]
  • John and Michael Randolph, who settled in New York in 1822
  • John Randolph, who settled in New York in 1822 along with Michael
  • Thomas Randolph, who landed in America in 1828 [3]
  • Robert Randolph, who arrived in Texas in 1835 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Randolph migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Randolph Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. David Randolph U.E. who settled in Parr Town [Saint John], New Brunswick c. 1784 [4]

Contemporary Notables of the name Randolph (post 1700) +

  • Edward Gordon "Ned" Randolph (1942-2016), American Democratic Party politician, Mayor of Alexandria, Louisiana (1986-2006), Louisiana State Senator (1976-1984)
  • Lillian Randolph (1898-1980), American actress, known for It's a Wonderful Life (1946), Magic (1978) and The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer (1947)
  • Barbara Randolph (1942-2002), American actress, known for Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967), Bright Road (1953) and Cactus Flower (1969)
  • Katherine Randolph (b. 1983), American actress and director, known for Jarhead (2005), American Joyride (2011) and Adulthood (2015)
  • Beverly Randolph (b. 1964), American actress and producer, known for The Return of the Living Dead (1985), Return of the Living Dead: The Dead Have Risen (2007) and More Brains! A Return to the Living Dead (2011)
  • John Randolph (1915-2004), American Tony Award winning actor, known for his roles in Serpico (1973), Christmas Vacation (1989) and You've Got Mail (1998)
  • Arthur Raymond Randolph (b. 1943), American jurist, Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (1990-2008)
  • Edmund Jennings Randolph (1753-1813), American attorney and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of State (1794-1795), 1st United States Attorney General (1789-1794), 7th Governor of Virginia (1786-1788)
  • Jane Randolph (1915-2009), American film actress, known for her roles in Cat People (1942), The Curse of the Cat People (1944) and Bud Abbott Lou Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948)
  • Jennings Randolph (1902-1998), American politician, United States Senator from West Virginia (1958-1985), Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from West Virginia (1933-1947)
  • ... (Another 81 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


Suggested Readings for the name Randolph +

  • 703 Edward Fitz Randolph Branch Lines, Allied Families, and English and Norman Ancestry by Oris Hugh Fitz Randolph, The Randolphs of Virginia by Jonathan Daniels.

  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X


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