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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Origins Available: English, Scottish

Where did the Scottish Randolph family come from? What is the Scottish Randolph family crest and coat of arms? When did the Randolph family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Randolph family history?

The saga of the Randolph family name begins among the people of an ancient Scottish tribe called the Picts. The Randolph name is derived from the personal name, Randolph which contained elements that translated to shield and wolf. Randolph is a patronymic surname, which belongs to the category of hereditary surnames. Many patronymic surnames were formed by adopting the given name of an ancestor of the bearer, while others came from popular religious names, and from the names of secular heroes.


Repeated and inaccurate translation of Scottish names from Gaelic to English and back resulted in a wide variety of spelling variations with single names. Randolph has appeared Randolph, Randolf and others.

First found in Moray, where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Randolph research. Another 173 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1332, 1605, and 1635 are included under the topic Early Randolph History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Randolph Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Many Scottish families suffered enormous hardships and were compelled to leave their country of birth. They traveled to Ireland and Australia, but mostly to the colonies of North America, where many found the freedom and opportunity they sought. It was not without a fight, though, as many were forced to stand up and defend their freedom in the American War of Independence. The ancestors of these Scots abroad have rediscovered their heritage in the last century through the Clan societies and other organizations that have sprung up across North America. Immigration and passenger ship lists show some important early immigrants bearing the name Randolph:

Randolph Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Milward Randolph, who arrived in Virginia in 1621
  • Edward Randolph, who arrived in Barnstable, Massachusetts in 1630
  • Henry Randolph, who came to Virginia in 1642
  • William Randolph, who arrived in Jamestown, VA in 1672
  • Henry Randolph, who landed in Virginia in 1673

Randolph Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Merryman Randolph, who landed in Virginia in 1711
  • Richard Randolph, who landed in Virginia in 1711
  • William Randolph, who landed in Virginia in 1711
  • Timothy Randolph, who arrived in Georgia in 1737

Randolph Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Lewis Randolph, aged 28, arrived in New York in 1812
  • John and Michael Randolph settled in New York in 1822
  • John Randolph settled in New York in 1822 along with Michael
  • Thomas Randolph, who landed in America in 1828
  • Robert Randolph, who arrived in Texas in 1835


  • Samuel Fitz Randolph, American politician, Member of New Jersey State Council from Middlesex County, 1784-85, 1796
  • Julia Fitz Randolph, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Colorado, 1980
  • Lillian Randolph (1898-1980), American actress, known for It's a Wonderful Life (1946), Magic (1978) and The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer (1947)
  • Barbara Randolph (1942-2002), American actress, known for Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967), Bright Road (1953) and Cactus Flower (1969)
  • Katherine Randolph (b. 1983), American actress and director, known for Jarhead (2005), American Joyride (2011) and Adulthood (2015)
  • Beverly Randolph (b. 1964), American actress and producer, known for The Return of the Living Dead (1985), Return of the Living Dead: The Dead Have Risen (2007) and More Brains! A Return to the Living Dead (2011)
  • John Randolph (1915-2004), American Tony Award winning actor, known for his roles in Serpico (1973), Christmas Vacation (1989) and You've Got Mail (1998)
  • Arthur Raymond Randolph (b. 1943), American jurist, Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (1990-2008)
  • Edmund Jennings Randolph (1753-1813), American attorney and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of State (1794-1795), 1st United States Attorney General (1789-1794), 7th Governor of Virginia (1786-1788)
  • Jane Randolph (1915-2009), American film actress, known for her roles in Cat People (1942), The Curse of the Cat People (1944) and Bud Abbott Lou Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948)



  • Edward Fitz Randolph Branch Lines, Allied Families, and English and Norman Ancestry by Oris Hugh Fitz Randolph.
  • The Randolphs of Virginia by Jonathan Daniels.

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  1. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
  2. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  3. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  4. Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
  5. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  6. Fairbairn,. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  7. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  8. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  9. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  10. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  11. ...

The Randolph Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Randolph Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 7 October 2015 at 11:49.

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