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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, French


Rainbow Early Origins



The surname Rainbow was first found in Gloucestershire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Rainbertus Flandrensis who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. The name was later recorded in Middlesex.

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Rainbow Spelling Variations


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Rainbow Spelling Variations



Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Rainbow family name include Rainbird, Raynbird, Rambart, Rambert, Ramart, Rainbold, Rainbow, Rainbold, Renbold, Rainbaud, Rinbalt, Reinbald, Rainbald, Renbald and many more.

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Rainbow Early History


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Rainbow Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rainbow research. Another 149 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1587, 1642, 1639, 1673, 1608, 1684, 1610 and 1648 are included under the topic Early Rainbow History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Rainbow Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Rainbow Early Notables (pre 1700)



Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir William Rainsborough (ca.1587-1642), an English Captain and Vice-Admiral in the Royal Navy, English ambassador to Morocco; William Rainsborowe ( fl. 1639-1673), or Rainsborough, Rainborough, Rainborowe or Rainbow, a Leveller and an officer in the English Navy and New Model Army in England during...

Another 69 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rainbow Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Rainbow family to immigrate North America:

Rainbow Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • William Rainbow, who arrived in Maryland or Virginia in 1671
  • Edward Rainbow, who settled in Maryland in 1671
  • Edward Rainbow, who arrived in Maryland in 1671

Rainbow Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Charles Rainbow, who settled in America in 1767

Rainbow Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • John Rainbow, who settled in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • John Rainbow, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750

Rainbow Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Rainbow, aged 36, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Oregon"

Rainbow Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • J. M. Rainbow arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Caduceus" in 1872

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Contemporary Notables of the name Rainbow (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Rainbow (post 1700)



  • Chris Rainbow (1946-2015), born Christopher James Harley, a Scottish rock singer and musician
  • Robert Rainbow (b. 1952), British professional footballer
  • Bernarr Joseph George Rainbow (1914-1998), British historian of music education, organist, and choir master
  • William Joseph Rainbow (1856-1919), British entomologist and arachnologist

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Rainbow Family Crest Products


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Rainbow Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  2. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  3. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  4. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  5. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  6. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  7. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  8. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  9. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  10. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
  11. ...

The Rainbow Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Rainbow Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 2 March 2015 at 13:02.

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