The Pinckard family saga is rooted in the people of the Pictish Clan
of ancient Scotland
. The Pinckard family lived in Picardy, a region of northern France. Bearers of the name made their way from Picardy and were "pike men" to England
and Scotland. CITATION[CLOSE]
Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Alternatively, the name could have been derived from the word "pic" or "pick," which is a Teutonic word for "hard" or "brave." CITATION[CLOSE]
Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
Not all of the family emigrated to ancient England and Scotland as the Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae listed Ralph, Engeram, Richard, Peter, Geoffry and Walter Picard in Normandy 1180-95. CITATION[CLOSE]
The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
Early Origins of the Pinckard family
The surname Pinckard was first found in Moray, where one of the first records of the family was Hugh Picard, who was a canon of Moray in 1266. A few years later, Stephen Pykard, was a knight of Gilbert de Umfraville, earl of Angus
in 1279 and later still, John Pikard was juror on an inquest held at St. Andrews in 1302. CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
Further to the south, the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed: Alan Pichard in Yorkshire; Stephen Picard in Northumberland; Nicholas Pichard, in Shropshire; and Roger Pichard in Cambridgeshire. Later the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed Emma Picard and Ricardus Picard as both holding lands there at that time. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Pinckard family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pinckard research.Another 319 words (23 lines of text) covering the years 1150, 1350, 1430, 1436 and 1780 are included under the topic Early Pinckard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Pinckard Spelling Variations
Prior to the invention of the printing press in the last hundred
years, documents were basically unique. Names were written according to sound, and often appeared differently each time they were recorded. Spelling variations
of the name Pinckard include Pickard, Picard and others.
Early Notables of the Pinckard family (pre 1700)
Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pinckard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Pinckard family to Ireland
Some of the Pinckard family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 46 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Pinckard family to the New World and Oceana
The freedom of the North American colonies was enticing, and many Scots left to make the great crossing. It was a long and hard journey, but its reward was a place where there was more land than people and tolerance was far easier to come by. Many of these people came together to fight for a new nation in the American War of Independence
, while others remained loyal to the old order as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestors of Scots in North America have recovered much of this heritage in the 20th century through Clan
societies and other such organizations. A search of immigration and passenger lists revealed many important and early immigrants to North America bearing the name of Pinckard: Aaron Picard arrived in Philadelphia in 1869; Cyrus, Josiah, Nathaniel and William Picard settled in Philadelphia in 1852.