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Origins Available: English, French


The Ancestry of the Paine name lies with the Norman Conquest of England. This Norman name was used for a person who lives in the country or a person who's religious beliefs are somewhat suspect. Checking further we found the name was derived from the Old English word paien, which was originally derived from the Latin word paganus, meaning rustic or countryman. It later also came to mean heathen and was often given to children whose baptism was delayed or, to adults whose religious zeal was not what the standards of the day indicated it should have been. Conversely, many believe that the family claim Norman descent as in "Paganus was a Norman personal name, whence the modern Payne and Paine, as well as the more ancient Paganel and Paynel. William the Conqueror was assisted in his invasion, by several persons so designated, and in [the] Domesday Book we find among his tenants in capite, or chief holders of land, the names of Ralph Paganel and Edmund filius Pagani, i.e., Fitz-Payne. Indeed during the Norman dynasty, Paganus was one of the most common names in England." [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.


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The surname Paine was first found in Somerset where the aforementioned Edmund filius Pagen (Pagani) [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. The same source also lists the aforementioned Ralph Paganel as Radulfus Paganus, again in Somerset. Almost one hundred years later, Reginaldus filius Pain was listed as a Templar in 1185 in Lincolnshire. The Pipe Rolls of Worcestershire list John Pane in 1190 and the Pipe Rolls of Hampshire list Robert Pain in 1200. Payn de Weston was listed in the Assize Rolls of Somerset in 1268. [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
Sir John Paynell of Drax, co. Yorkshire was summoned to Parliament as a Baron from the 29th of December 1299 to the 25th of August 1318. [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 have numerous entries as a forename and surname including: Payne de Stantin in Norfolk; Robert filius Payn in Huntingdonshire; and Gilbert Payn in Essex. [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
The parish of Stourpain in Dorset "derives its name from its situation near the river Stour, which runs on the west and south, and from one of its earliest proprietors, named Paine." [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
"A priory of Black canons, in honour of St. James, was founded here [in Warter in the East Riding of Yorkshire] in 1132, by Geoffry Fitz-Pain." [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Payne, Paine, Paynell, Pane, Pain and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Paine research. Another 351 words (25 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1532, 1582, 1652, 1704, 1717, 1789, 1710, 1630, 1713, 1695, 1698, 1632, 1715 and are included under the topic Early Paine History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Barons Lavington; Saint John Paine (1532-1582), English Catholic priest and martyr; Elizabeth Pain ( c. 1652-1704), sometimes spelled Payne, English spinster in Boston who was brought to trial after the death of her child, she was acquitted of the murder charge but found guilty...

Another 102 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Paine Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Paine family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 153 words (11 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Paine or a variant listed above:

Paine Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Edward Paine, who landed in Lynn, Massachusetts in 1637
  • Steven Paine, who landed in Hingham, Massachusetts in 1638
  • Arthur Paine, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1639
  • William Paine, who arrived in Ipswich, Massachusetts in 1640
  • Moses Paine, who landed in New England in 1641
  • ...

Paine Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • James Paine, who arrived in Virginia in 1700
  • Trestram Paine, who landed in Virginia in 1703
  • Benjamin Paine, who landed in New England in 1734

Paine Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • George Paine, who arrived in New York in 1839
  • Jeffery Paine, aged 25, arrived in New York in 1849
  • H J Paine, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • C Paine, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • Henry Paine, who arrived in Virginia in 1887

Paine Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Charles Paine, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • M.D. William Paine U.E. born in Worcester, Massachusetts, USA who settled in Le Tete [Frye's Island], Passamaquoddy Bay, New Brunswick c. 1784, then resettled in Saint John, New Brunswick he Graduated Harvard in 1768, was member of the House of Assembly, he later returned to Salem, Massachusetts, then Worcester he died in 1833

Paine Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Richard B Paine, who arrived in Canada in 1830
  • Samuel L Paine, who arrived in Canada in 1830

Paine Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Paine, English convict from Hertfordshire, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
  • John Paine, English convict from Surrey, who was transported aboard the "Andromeda" on October 16, 1826, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • John Paine, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Anson" on September 23, 1843, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • John Paine arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Canton" in 1846
  • Mark Paine arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1848
  • ...

Paine Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Benjamin Paine, aged 27, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Seringapatam" in 1856
  • J. Paine arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Harkaway" in 1858
  • John Paine, aged 44, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Strathnaver" in 1874
  • Ellen Paine, aged 44, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Strathnaver" in 1874
  • George Paine, aged 10, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Strathnaver" in 1874
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  • Thomas Paine (1737-1809), American politician, defender of the concept of Revolution, best remembered for his works: "The Rights of Man" and "The Age of Reason"
  • Robert Treat Paine (1731-1814), American signer of Declaration of Independence
  • Robert Treat "Bob" Paine III (1933-2016), American ecologist who first coined the keystone species
  • Brigadier-General George Harris Paine (1884-1949), American Commanding Officer 31st Field Artillery Brigade (1943-1945)
  • John Paine (1870-1951), American one time Olympic gold medalist for shooting during the 1896 games
  • Sumner Paine (1868-1904), American one time gold and one time silver Olympic medalist for shooting during the 1896 games
  • Charles Jackson Paine (1833-1916), American Civil War general and America's Cup yachtsman
  • Eleazer A. Paine (1815-1882), American Civil War general
  • Lyman Paine (1901-1978), American architect
  • Elijah Paine (1757-1842), U.S. Senator from Vermont
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  • by Brooke Payne.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Malo mori quam foedari
Motto Translation: I would rather die than be disgraced.

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Citations



  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
  5. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  6. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Other References

  1. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  2. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  3. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  4. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  5. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  6. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  7. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  8. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  9. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  10. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  11. ...

The Paine Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Paine Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 15 June 2016 at 09:01.

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