The Oyly surname is generally thought to derive from a place name, perhaps Pont Doylly, or Duilly in Normandy
. Alternatively, the Oyler, Ollier and similar spellings could have been derived from the English occupational
name for an extractor or seller of oil having derived from the Anglo-Norman French word "olier" from "oile." In northern England
linseed oil was commonly derived from flax and used as a substitute for olive oil. CITATION[CLOSE]
Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
Early Origins of the Oyly family
The surname Oyly was first found in Oxfordshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant
of the lands of Eynsham held by Columban, a Norman noble as under tenant
of the Bishop of Lincoln who was recorded in the Domesday Book
census of 1086. His overlord was Robert d'Ouilli.
Early History of the Oyly family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Oyly research.Another 363 words (26 lines of text) covering the years 1071, 1073, 1120, 1129, 1354, 1576, 1616, 1641, 1815, 1542, 1577, 1573, 1633, 1605, 1614, 1677, 1663, 1640, 1709 and 1666 are included under the topic Early Oyly History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Oyly Spelling Variations
of this family name include: Doyley, D'Oyley, Doyle, D'Oyle, Doylee, Doley, Duley, Duly, Duely, Dueley, Ollie, Oyler, Oylie, D'Oyly, Olley, Oulley, Oullie, Ollie, Owley, Oyly, Oilli, Oiley, L'Oyle and many more.
Early Notables of the Oyly family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Robert D'Oyley (1542-1577) of Hambleden, Buckinghamshire
, who was Sheriff of Oxfordshire
in 1573; and Sir Cope Doyley (d. 1633), who inherited Hambleden Manor, Buckinghamshire
in 1605. For this illustrious family, there is a Doyley vault in... Another 43 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Oyly Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Oyly family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: John Owly, who settled in Virginia in 1626; Jno Dule, who arrived in Virginia in 1656; Robt. Doyley, who came to Maryland in 1657; Jno Doyley, who came to Virginia in 1663.