Orrick History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Orrick surname is a habitational taken on from the place name Orrock in Fife.

Early Origins of the Orrick family

The surname Orrick was first found in Fife, where they held a family seat in the lands of Orrock some say well before the 12th century. Simon Orrock is recorded as holding those lands in the year 1248. Simon, with his brother Freskinus and son Robert agreed to give the convent of Dunfermline the lands of Muyoch and Knokduy, part of the Clan lands of Orrock. [1]

To the south in England, we find Horridge is the prevailing variant in use. In this case, the name could have originated in either Hawridge, Buckinghamshire, Horwich in Lancashire or from "one of the five places in Devon named Horridge." [2]

Early rolls include: Richard de Hawerugge in Cornwall in 1297; and Thomas de Horewich in the Subsidy Rolls for Derbyshire in 1327. [2]

The Wills at Chester include: James Horridge, of Over Darwen, 1608; and James Horwich, of Over Darwen, 1632. Presumably these are entries for father and son. The Register of the University of Oxford includes Anthony Horridge, 1613. The Exchequer Depositions, Lancashire list 'Messuage in Horrage, alias Horwich, lately in the possession of Thomas Urmstone,' 1675. [3]

Early History of the Orrick family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Orrick research. Another 145 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1316, 1513, 1672, 1690 and 1750 are included under the topic Early Orrick History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Orrick Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Horrock, Horrocks, Orrock, Orrocks, Orrox, Horrox and others.

Early Notables of the Orrick family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Orrick Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


Canada Orrick migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Orrick Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Richard Orrick, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749

Contemporary Notables of the name Orrick (post 1700) +

  • William H. Orrick Jr., American Democratic Party politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 1956, 1960, 1964 [4]
  • Johnson Orrick (b. 1833), American politician, Delegate to Virginia secession convention, 1861 [4]
  • John C. Orrick, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Missouri, 1868 [4]
  • John C. Orrick, American politician, Member of Maryland State House of Delegates from Baltimore County, 1834, 1837-38, 1840-41, 1846 [4]
  • J. Smith Orrick, American politician, Member of Maryland State House of Delegates from Baltimore County, 1892 [4]
  • Edward Orrick, American politician, Member of Maryland State House of Delegates from Baltimore County, 1818-22 [4]
  • Benjamin Orrick, American politician, Member of California State Assembly 6th District, 1852-53 [4]


The Orrick Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Solus Christus mea rupes
Motto Translation: Christ alone is my rock.


  1. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 23) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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