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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016


Irish names tend to vary widely in their spelling and overall form. The original Gaelic form of the name Oneil is Ó Néill, which means descendant of Niall, a personal name of Irish origin, thought to mean "champion."

Oneil Early Origins



The surname Oneil was first found in County Tyrone (Irish: Tír Eoghain), the ancient territory of the O'Neills, now in the Province of Ulster, central Northern Ireland, and County Clare where O'Neill was chief of Clan Dalvy and of Tradree, a district in the barony of Inchiquinn. In the 10th century, a branch of this family went to Limerick to assist in the expulsion of the Danes. After one victorious occasion they wore green boughs in their helmets and on their horses' heads signifying their victory.

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Oneil Spelling Variations


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Oneil Spelling Variations



People who were accounted for by scribes and church officials often had their name recorded many different ways because pronunciation was the only guide those scribes and church officials had to go by. This resulted in the problem of one person's name being recorded under several different variations, creating the illusion of more than one person. Among the many spelling variations of the surname Oneil that are preserved in archival documents are O'Neill, Neal, Neale, Neales, Neil, Nihill, Niell, O'Nail, O'Neil, O'Niel and many more.

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Oneil Early History


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Oneil Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Oneil research. Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1480, 1559, 1530, 1567, 1550, 1616, 1612, 1664, 1694, 1689 and 1689 are included under the topic Early Oneil History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Oneil Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Oneil Early Notables (pre 1700)



Notable amongst the family name at this time was Sir Niall O'Neill who distinguished himself at the Battle of the Boyne; Conn O'Neill, 1st Earl of Tyrone (c.1480-1559) King of Tir Eogain; Shane O'Neill (c.1530-1567), Irish king of the O'Neill dynasty of Ulster; Hugh O'Neill ( c. 1550-1616), Earl of Tyrone, also...

Another 61 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Oneil Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



A great mass of Ireland's native population left the island in the 19th century, seeking relief from various forms of social, religious, and economic discrimination. This Irish exodus was primarily to North Ameri ca. If the migrants survived the long ocean journey, many unfortunately would find more discrimination in the colonies of British North America and the fledgling United States of America. These newly arrived Irish were, however, wanted as a cheap source of labor for the many large agricultural and industrial projects that were essential to the development of what would become two of the wealthiest nations in the western world. Early immigration and passenger lists indicate many people bearing the Oneil name:

Oneil Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Andrew, Bernard, Charles, Edward, Henry, Hugh, James, John, Michael, and Patrick O'Neil arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860

Oneil Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Eleanor O'Neil, aged 42, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth, England
  • Eleanor O'Neil, aged 20, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth, England
  • Parmella O'Neil, aged 16, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth, England
  • Thomas O'Neil, aged 14, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth, England
  • Abraham O'Neil, aged 7, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth, England
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Oneil Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Rosannah O'Neil, (neê) McCready, Scottish convict from Glasgow, who was transported aboard the "Amphitrite" on August 21, 1833, settling in New South Wales, Australia
  • Henry O'Neil arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Britannia" in 1846
  • Mary O'Neil, aged 21, a servant, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Sea Queen" in 1850
  • Michael O'Neil, aged 36, a labourer, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Sea Queen" in 1850
  • Kate O'Neil, aged 35, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Sea Queen" in 1850
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Oneil Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • John O'Neil arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Annie Wilson" in 1863
  • Lewis O'Neil arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Annie Wilson" in 1863
  • Henry O'Neil, aged 24, a labourer, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Steinwarder" in 1864
  • Mary O'Neil, aged 26, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Steinwarder" in 1864
  • William H. O'Neil, aged 1, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Steinwarder" in 1864
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Contemporary Notables of the name Oneil (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Oneil (post 1700)



  • Chuck O'Neil, American Primetime Emmy Award winning director, known for The Daily Show (1996), The Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear (2010) and Breakfast Time (1994)
  • David "Dave" O'Neil (1874-1947), American poet
  • Albert Leo "Dapper" O'Neil (1920-2007), American politician, member of the Boston City Council for 28 years
  • Jerry O'Neil (b. 1956), American NASCAR race car driver
  • Paul Joseph O'Neil (b. 1953), American former professional NHL and WHA ice hockey center
  • Keith Daniel O'Neil (b. 1980), former American NFL football linebacker from Rochester, Michigan
  • John Thomas O'Neil (1898-1950), American gold medalist rugby union player at the 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics
  • John O'Neil (b. 1915), American painter, educator and writer from Kansas City, Missouri
  • William J. O'Neil (b. 1933), American entrepreneur, stockbroker and writer, who founded Investor's Business Daily and the stock brokerage firm William O'Neil & Co. Inc
  • Edward William "Ed" O'Neil (b. 1952), American CFL football coach and former NFL professional linebacker
  • ... (Another 85 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Oneil Historic Events


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Oneil Historic Events




HMS Hood

  • Mr. Owen O'Neil (b. 1922), Welsh Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Flint, Flintshire, Wales, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking

Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)

  • Mary Denice O'Neil (1967-1988), American Student from Bronx, New York, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died

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Oneil Family Crest Products


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Oneil Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Woulfe, Rev. Patrick. Irish Names and Surnames Collected and Edited with Explanatory and Historical Notes. Kansas City: Genealogical Foundation, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-940134-403).
    2. Johnson, Daniel F. Irish Emigration to New England Through the Port of Saint John, New Brunswick Canada 1841-1849. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield, 1996. Print.
    3. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
    4. Grehan, Ida. Dictionary of Irish Family Names. Boulder: Roberts Rinehart, 1997. Print. (ISBN 1-57098-137-X).
    5. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
    6. MacLysaght, Edward. The Surnames of Ireland 3rd Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1978. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2278-0).
    7. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
    8. Rasmussen, Louis J. . San Francisco Ship Passenger Lists 4 Volumes Colma, California 1965 Reprint. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1978. Print.
    9. Tepper, Michael Ed & Elizabeth P. Bentley Transcriber. Passenger Arrivals at the Port of Philadelphia 1800-1819. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1986. Print.
    10. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
    11. ...

    The Oneil Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Oneil Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 28 January 2016 at 05:28.

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