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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Irish names tend to vary widely in their spelling and overall form. The original Gaelic form of the name Oneil is Ó Néill, which means descendant of Niall, a personal name of Irish origin, thought to mean "champion."
The surname Oneil was first found in County Tyrone
(Irish: Tír Eoghain), the ancient territory of the O'Neills, now in the Province of Ulster
, central Northern Ireland
, and County Clare
where O'Neill was chief of Clan
Dalvy and of Tradree, a district in the barony of Inchiquinn. In the 10th century, a branch of this family went to Limerick
to assist in the expulsion of the Danes. After one victorious occasion they wore green boughs in their helmets and on their horses' heads signifying their victory.
People who were accounted for by scribes and church officials often had their name recorded many different ways because pronunciation was the only guide those scribes and church officials had to go by. This resulted in the problem of one person's name being recorded under several different variations, creating the illusion of more than one person. Among the many spelling variations of the surname Oneil that are preserved in archival documents are O'Neill, Neal, Neale, Neales, Neil, Nihill, Niell, O'Nail, O'Neil, O'Niel and many more.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Oneil research. Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1480, 1559, 1530, 1567, 1550, 1616, 1612, 1664, 1694, 1689 and 1689 are included under the topic Early Oneil History in all our PDF Extended History products
Another 205 words (15 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Oneil Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
A great mass of Ireland's native population left the island in the 19th century, seeking relief from various forms of social, religious, and economic discrimination. This Irish exodus was primarily to North America. If the migrants survived the long ocean journey, many unfortunately would find more discrimination in the colonies of British North America and the fledgling United States of America. These newly arrived Irish were, however, wanted as a cheap source of labor for the many large agricultural and industrial projects that were essential to the development of what would become two of the wealthiest nations in the western world. Early immigration and passenger lists indicate many people bearing the Oneil name:
Oneil Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Andrew, Bernard, Charles, Edward, Henry, Hugh, James, John, Michael, and Patrick O'Neil arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860
Oneil Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Eleanor O'Neil, aged 42, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth
- Eleanor O'Neil, aged 20, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth
- Parmella O'Neil, aged 16, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth
- Thomas O'Neil, aged 14, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth
- Abraham O'Neil, aged 7, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth
Oneil Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Rosannah O'Neil, (neê) McCready, Scottish convict from Glasgow, who was transported aboard the "Amphitrite" on August 21, 1833, settling in New South Wales, Australia
- Henry O'Neil arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Britannia" in 1846
- Mary O'Neil, aged 21, a servant, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Sea Queen" in 1850
- Michael O'Neil, aged 36, a labourer, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Sea Queen" in 1850
- Kate O'Neil, aged 35, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Sea Queen" in 1850
Oneil Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- John O'Neil arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Annie Wilson" in 1863
- Lewis O'Neil arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Annie Wilson" in 1863
- Henry O'Neil, aged 24, a labourer, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Steinwarder" in 1864
- Mary O'Neil, aged 26, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Steinwarder" in 1864
- William H. O'Neil, aged 1, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Steinwarder" in 1864
- Chuck O'Neil, American Primetime Emmy Award winning director, known for The Daily Show (1996), The Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear (2010) and Breakfast Time (1994)
- Mary Denice O'Neil (1967-1988), American Student from Bronx, New York, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died
- David "Dave" O'Neil (1874-1947), American poet
- Albert Leo "Dapper" O'Neil (1920-2007), American politician, member of the Boston City Council for 28 years
- Jerry O'Neil (b. 1956), American NASCAR race car driver
- Paul Joseph O'Neil (b. 1953), American former professional NHL and WHA ice hockey center
- Keith Daniel O'Neil (b. 1980), former American NFL football linebacker from Rochester, Michigan
- John Thomas O'Neil (1898-1950), American gold medalist rugby union player at the 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics
- John O'Neil (b. 1915), American painter, educator and writer from Kansas City, Missouri
- William J. O'Neil (b. 1933), American entrepreneur, stockbroker and writer, who founded Investor's Business Daily and the stock brokerage firm William O'Neil & Co. Inc
- The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
- Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
- Woodham-Smith, Cecil. The Great Hunger Ireland 1845-1849. New York: Old Town Books, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-385-3).
- Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
- Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
- Johnson, Daniel F. Irish Emigration to New England Through the Port of Saint John, New Brunswick Canada 1841-1849. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield, 1996. Print.
- Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
- MacLysaght, Edward. Mores Irish Familes. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-0126-0).
- Sullivan, Sir Edward. The Book of Kells 3rd Edition. New York: Crescent Books, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-517-61987-3).
- McDonnell, Frances. Emigrants from Ireland to America 1735-1743 A Transcription of the report of the Irish House of Commons into Enforced emigration to America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1331-5).
The Oneil Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Oneil Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 28 January 2016 at 05:28.
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