While many Irish names are familiar, their past incarnations are often shrouded in mystery, reflecting the ancient Gaelic heritage of their bearers. The original Gaelic form of the name O'Culoon is "Mac Cuilinn" or "O Cuilinn," which are from the word "cuileann," which means "holly." They descend from Heber
, who with his brother Heremon
O'Hart, John, Irish Pedigrees 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4)
Early Origins of the O'Culoon family
The surname O'Culoon was first found in the southeast of Ireland
, in the counties of Dublin
, and Wexford
. Although all but one of the many distinct septs have become extinct, this remaining sept currently provides Ireland
with nearly 8000 members, enough to make Cullen the 84th most common name in Ireland
. Descended from Olioll Flann Beag, king of Munster
, the Cullens made their original homeland at Glencullen, in Wicklow, and they have remained there to the present day, despite the threat of their more powerful neighbors, the O'Tooles and the O'Byrnes. They were an influential family, as indicated by the inclusion of Cullen of Cullenstown among the leading gentry of Wexford
in the Clongowes manuscript of 1598. Due to the prominence of this sept, a number of similarly-named minor septs also adopted the name Cullen, including O Cuileamhain of south Leinster
, which is also rendered Culloon or Culhoun, and Mac Cuilin of Leitrim
, which is also Anglicized MacCullen.
Early History of the O'Culoon family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our O'Culoon research.Another 139 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1659, 1300, 1517, 1542, 1803 and 1878 are included under the topic Early O'Culoon History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
O'Culoon Spelling Variations
Within archives, many different spelling variations
exist for the surname O'Culoon. Ancient scribes and church officials recorded names as they were pronounced, often resulting in the name of the single person being recorded under several different spellings. Different spellings that were found include Cullen, Cullan, Cullane, O'Cullen, Cullain, Cullin, Cullon, McCullen, MacCullen, O'Cullane, Culen, Culan, Culain, Cullaine, Culaine, MacCulen, MacCollin, MacColin, O'Colen, O'Collen, O'Cuilin, O'Cuillin, O'Culane, O'Culen, O'Culhoon, O'Culloon, MacCullen, Cullain, Culon, Cullon, Culling and many more.
Early Notables of the O'Culoon family (pre 1700)
Another 23 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early O'Culoon Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the O'Culoon family to the New World and Oceana
North America accepted thousands of Irish immigrants during the 19th century as their homeland suffered under foreign imperialistic rule. Although settlers from the early portion of the century came to North America by choice in search of land, by far the largest influx of Irish immigrants came to North America during the Great Potato Famine
of the late 1840s. Many of these Irish families
left the country destitute and in some cases suffering from disease. However, those who survived the long ocean voyage were especially vital to the development of industry in the United States and what would become known as Canada. Research of immigration and passenger lists has shown many early immigrants bearing the name O'Culoon: Henry Cullen who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1820; L. Cullen settled in Baltimore in 1820; Patrick Cullen settled in West New Jersey in 1772; the family also settled in New York and California in the 19th century. Popular Christian names of the settlers was Andrew, Bernerd, Charles, Daniel, Dennis, Edward, George, James, John, Michael, Owen, Patrick, Peter, Robert, Thomas, Walter, and William, and they settled mostly in Philadelphia between 1830 and 1870. William Cullen was a property owner in St. John's Newfoundland in 1794 and had been settled there for 17 years.