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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016

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The history of the name Nicolas began when it was derived from The surname Nicolas is a patronymic surname, belonging to the category of surnames known as hereditary surnames. Nicolas is derived from the personal name Nicholas. It was a popular given name in the Middle Ages. This surname came to England with the Bretons, who accompanied Duke William of Normandy when he invaded England in 1066. The Bretons were from the peninsula of Brittany in the northwest of France. Formerly known as Armorica, a possession of the Roman Empire, this land consists of a plateau with a deeply indented coast and is broken by hills in the west. However, the region was renamed Britannia Minor by the Romans, following the emigration of six thousand Britons across the English Channel, an event which took place at the behest of the Roman Commander in Britain.

Nicolas Early Origins



The surname Nicolas was first found in Cornwall; although in early times another branch of the family was established at West Horsley in Surrey. "The east window contains some very ancient stained glass; and there are two handsome monuments to the Nicholas family, one of whom, Sir Edward, was secretary of state to Charles I. and II." [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

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Nicolas Spelling Variations


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Nicolas Spelling Variations



There are many spelling variations of Breton surnames, because the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find references to one individual with many different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. The name has been spelled Nicholas, Nicholl, Nichol, Nicholls, Nicolas and many more.

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Nicolas Early History


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Nicolas Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Nicolas research. Another 233 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1525, 1611, 1658, 1657, 1594, 1661, 1593, 1669, 1595 and 1667 are included under the topic Early Nicolas History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Nicolas Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Nicolas Early Notables (pre 1700)



Notable of this family during the Middle Ages was Matthew Nicholas (1594-1661), English Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral, London; Sir Edward Nicholas (1593-1669), an English office holder and politician...

Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Nicolas Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Nicolas In Ireland


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Nicolas In Ireland



Some of the Nicolas family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 47 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Nicolas arrived in North America very early:

Nicolas Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Augustine Nicolas, who landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621
  • Austin Nicolas, who arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621

Nicolas Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • William Nicolas, who landed in Virginia in 1703
  • Claude Nicolas, aged 19, arrived in Louisiana in 1719
  • Johannes Nicolas, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1752
  • Francois Nicolas, who landed in Annapolis, Maryland in 1763
  • Antoine Nicolas, who arrived in Mobile, AL in 1786
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Nicolas Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Jose Nicolas, who arrived in Puerto Rico in 1816
  • Alexander Nicolas, aged 29, arrived in Missouri in 1840
  • Catalina Nicolas, aged 22, landed in New Orleans, La in 1841
  • Nicolas Nicolas, aged 26, landed in Missouri in 1849
  • William Nicolas, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1851
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Nicolas Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Etienne Nicolas who arrived in Quebec in 1750 from Aunis near Bordeaux

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Contemporary Notables of the name Nicolas (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Nicolas (post 1700)



  • Sir Nicholas Harris Nicolas (1799-1848), English antiquary, made a knight of the Royal Guelphic Order, and a chancellor and knight-commander of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1832
  • François Nicolas de Salomon, French Divisional General during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars from 1789 to 1815
  • Jean Nicolas, French Brigadier General during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars from 1789 to 1815
  • Paul Nicolas (1899-1959), French football player
  • Auguste Nicolas (1807-1888), French Roman Catholic apologetical writer
  • Jean Edouard Marie Nicolas (1913-1978), French football player

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Nicolas Family Crest Products


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Nicolas Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Other References

  1. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  2. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  3. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  4. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  5. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  6. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  7. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  8. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  9. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  10. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
  11. ...

The Nicolas Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Nicolas Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 20 June 2016 at 12:23.

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