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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, German, Scottish


Nicholson is an ancient Anglo-Saxon name that is derived from the personal name Nicholas. The Latin form of this name was Nicolaus, and it was derived from the Greek name Nikolaos, which is derived from the words nikan, which means to conquer, and laos, which means people. [1] However, the name is best remembered by an American corruption of his name: Santa Claus. The surname Nicholson uses the patronymic suffix -son.

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Nicholson has been spelled many different ways, including Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Nicholson, Nichaelson, Nichalson, Nicherson and others.

First found in Cumberland and Northumberland where "most families of this name trace." [2]


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Nicholson research. Another 149 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1296, 1669, 1688, 1683, 1688, 1655, 1728, 1694, 1698, 1712, 1714, 1720 and 1725 are included under the topic Early Nicholson History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 79 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Nicholson Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Nicholson family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 145 words (10 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Nicholsons to arrive on North American shores:

Nicholson Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Garret Nicholson, who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • Elizabeth Nicholson, who arrived in Virginia in 1635
  • Garret Nicholson, aged 23, arrived in Virginia in 1635
  • Eliz Nicholson, who landed in Virginia in 1637
  • Georg Nicholson, who landed in Virginia in 1638


Nicholson Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Richd Nicholson, who arrived in Virginia in 1703
  • Peter Nicholson, who arrived in Virginia in 1714
  • Wm Nicholson, who arrived in Maryland in 1720
  • George, Nicholson Jr., who arrived in Virginia in 1724
  • Geo Nicholson, who landed in Virginia in 1724


Nicholson Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Patrick Nicholson, who landed in America in 1808
  • Duncan Nicholson, who arrived in North Carolina in 1809
  • Christopher Nicholson, aged 31, arrived in Maryland in 1812
  • J M Nicholson, aged 21, arrived in New York in 1812
  • S Nicholson, aged 26, arrived in North Carolina in 1812


Nicholson Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century


  • Mr. James Nicholson U.E. who settled in St. Andrews, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1784 he was part of the Penobscot Association
  • Mr. John Nicholson U.E. who settled in St. Andrews, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1784
  • Mr. Robert Nicholson U.E. who settled in Home District [York County], Ontario c. 1784
  • Mr. Robert Nicholson U.E. who settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario c. 1784
  • Mr. Archibald Nicholson U.E. who settled in Fredericksburgh [Greater Napanee], Ontario c. 1786 he served in Loyal Rangers Regiment


Nicholson Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century


  • John Nicholson, aged 35, a farmer, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1834 aboard the ship "Samuel" from Liverpool
  • Robert Nicholson, aged 30, a farmer, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1834 aboard the ship "Samuel" from Liverpool
  • Dond Nicholson, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1848
  • A Nicholson, who arrived in Victoria, British Columbia in 1862
  • J C Nicholson, who landed in Victoria, British Columbia in 1862

Nicholson Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century


  • F Nicholson, who landed in St John, New Brunswick in 1907

Nicholson Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Thomas Nicholson, aged 20, a shoemaker, arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Buffalo" in 1836
  • G. Nicholson arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Asia" in 1839
  • James Nicholson arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Indus" in 1839
  • Daniel Nicholson arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Martin Luther" in 1840
  • Jane Nicholson arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Martin Luther" in 1840


Nicholson Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • E. Nicholson arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Brougham" in 1842
  • Thomas D. Nicholson, aged 30, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "John Wickliffe" in 1848
  • Alison Nicholson, aged 29, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "John Wickliffe" in 1848
  • Catherine Ria Nicholson, aged 4, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "John Wickliffe" in 1848
  • Janet Dickson Nicholson, aged 3, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "John Wickliffe" in 1848


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  • John Joseph "Jack" Nicholson (b. 1937), three-time Academy award winning American actor, film director and producer
  • Robert James "Jim" Nicholson (b. 1938), American Secretary of Veterans Affairs from January 2005 to October 2007
  • Mr. Arthur Ernest Nicholson (d. 1912), aged 64, English First Class passenger from Shanklin, Isle of Wight who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett
  • Sir Sydney Nicholson (1875-1947), English choir director, founder of the Royal College of Music
  • Elliot Nicholson (1871-1953), English rugby union player
  • Mr. Charles Duncan Nicholson (d. 1915), Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking
  • Mr. William Barlett Nicholson, British Corporal, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking
  • Mr. Nicholson, British Canteen NAAFI, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking
  • Mr. Robert Wesley Nicholson (1905-1941), Australian Warrant Electrician from Chatswood, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II on the 19th November 1941 and died during the sinking
  • Paul Nicholson (b. 1954), Canadian NHL ice hockey forward

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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Per Castra ad astra
Motto Translation: Through the camp to the stars.

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  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.

Other References

  1. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  2. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  3. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  4. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
  5. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  6. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  7. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  8. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  9. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  10. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  11. ...

The Nicholson Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Nicholson Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 2 March 2016 at 14:31.

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