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The name of the Nicholas family is derived from The surname Nicholas is a patronymic surname, belonging to the category of surnames known as hereditary surnames. Nicholas is derived from the personal name Nicholas. It was a popular given name in the Middle Ages. This surname came to England with the Bretons, who accompanied Duke William of Normandy when he invaded England in 1066. The Bretons were from the peninsula of Brittany in the northwest of France. Formerly known as Armorica, a possession of the Roman Empire, this land consists of a plateau with a deeply indented coast and is broken by hills in the west. However, the region was renamed Britannia Minor by the Romans, following the emigration of six thousand Britons across the English Channel, an event which took place at the behest of the Roman Commander in Britain.

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The surname Nicholas was first found in Cornwall; although in early times another branch of the family was established at West Horsley in Surrey. "The east window contains some very ancient stained glass; and there are two handsome monuments to the Nicholas family, one of whom, Sir Edward, was secretary of state to Charles I. and II." [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Since the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules, Breton surnames have many spelling variations. Latin and French, which were the official court languages, were also influential on the spelling of surnames. The spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules. Therefore, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England after the Norman Conquest, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. The name has been spelled Nicholas, Nicholl, Nichol, Nicholls, Nicolas and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Nicholas research. Another 233 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1525, 1611, 1658, 1657, 1594, 1661, 1593, 1669, 1595 and 1667 are included under the topic Early Nicholas History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Notable of this family during the Middle Ages was Matthew Nicholas (1594-1661), English Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral, London; Sir Edward Nicholas (1593-1669), an English office holder and politician...

Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Nicholas Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Nicholas family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 47 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Investigation of immigration and passenger lists has revealed a number of people bearing the name Nicholas:

Nicholas Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Austin Nicholas, who arrived in Plymouth in 1621
  • Austin Nicholas, who landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621
  • Jon Nicholas, who landed in Virginia in 1636
  • Walter Nicholas, who landed in Massachusetts in 1636
  • Richard Nicholas, who arrived in Virginia in 1639
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Nicholas Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Mary Nicholas, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1703
  • Edward Nicholas, who landed in Virginia in 1711
  • Sarah Nicholas, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1714
  • Lodwick Nicholas, aged 34, landed in Pennsylvania in 1738
  • Jacob Nicholas, who came to Philadelphia in 1741
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Nicholas Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Daniel R Nicholas, aged 23, arrived in Louisiana in 1812
  • Dn Nicholas, aged 27, landed in New Orleans, La in 1820
  • Robert Nicholas, who landed in New York in 1834
  • Robert H Nicholas, who arrived in New York in 1837
  • Jean Nicholas, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1838
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Nicholas Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • James Michele Nicholas, who arrived in Alabama in 1922

Nicholas Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • James Nicholas, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Mrs. Ruth Nicholas U.E. born in Newport, Rhode Island, USA who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783 listed as a passenger on Union Transport, she had two children
  • Mr. Samuel Nicholas U.E. who settled in Parr Town, Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 he was Secretary at Saint John's Lodge A.F & A.M from 1805 to 1806

Nicholas Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Nicholas arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Phoebe" in 1847
  • Mary Nicholas arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Phoebe" in 1847
  • Jane Nicholas arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Constance" in 1848
  • J. Nicholas arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cheapside" in 1849
  • Joseph Nicholas arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Mary Ann" in 1849
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Nicholas Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Alexander Nicholas, aged 16, a labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lady Nugent" in 1850
  • Thomas Nicholas, aged 33, a labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Soukar" in 1874
  • Mary Nicholas, aged 35, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Soukar" in 1874
  • Louisa J. Nicholas, aged 9, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Soukar" in 1874
  • Edgar H. Nicholas, aged 7, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Soukar" in 1874
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  • Wilson Cary Nicholas (1761-1820), American Democrat politician, Member of Virginia State House of Delegates, 1784-88, 1789, 1794-1800; U.S. Senator from Virginia, 1799-1804; Governor of Virginia, 1814-16
  • William H. Nicholas (b. 1892), American Republican politician, Butler County Recorder, 1916-24
  • Thomas J. Nicholas, American Republican politician, Candidate for Michigan State House of Representatives from Marquette County, 1940
  • Thomas A. Nicholas, American politician, Mayor of Casper, Wyoming, 1953
  • Rose F. Nicholas, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 1972
  • Robert Carter Nicholas (1793-1857), American Democrat politician, U.S. Senator from Louisiana, 1836-41
  • Robert C. Nicholas, American politician, U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia, 1833-50
  • Robert C. Nicholas, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Ontario County, 1828-30, 1832; Delegate to Whig National Convention from New York, 1839; Member of New York State Senate 7th District, 1839-42
  • Phineas P. Nicholas, American politician, Mayor of Coldwater, Michigan, 1869-70
  • Ralph Nicholas, American politician, U.S. Collector of Internal Revenue for Colorado, 1941-51
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Nicholas Historic Events



HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. C Nicholas, British Leading Cook, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking
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  • The Nicholases of Pennsylvania in the Civil War 1861-1865 by Jerry F. Peter.
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Citations



  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Other References

  1. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  2. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  3. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  4. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  5. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  6. Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
  7. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  8. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  9. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  10. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  11. ...

The Nicholas Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Nicholas Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 20 June 2016 at 12:23.

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