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Neil History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms


Origins Available: German, Irish


Irish names tend to vary widely in their spelling and overall form. The original Gaelic form of the name Neil is Ó Néill, which means descendant of Niall, a personal name of Irish origin, thought to mean "champion."

Early Origins of the Neil family


The surname Neil was first found in County Tyrone (Irish: Tír Eoghain), the ancient territory of the O'Neills, now in the Province of Ulster, central Northern Ireland, and County Clare where O'Neill was chief of Clan Dalvy and of Tradree, a district in the barony of Inchiquinn. In the 10th century, a branch of this family went to Limerick to assist in the expulsion of the Danes. After one victorious occasion they wore green boughs in their helmets and on their horses' heads signifying their victory.

Early History of the Neil family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Neil research.
Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1480, 1559, 1530, 1567, 1550, 1616, 1612, 1664, 1694, 1689 and 1689 are included under the topic Early Neil History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Neil Spelling Variations


A name was often recorded during the Middle Ages under several different spelling variations during the life of its bearer because literacy was rare there was no real push to clearly define any of the languages found in the British Isles at that time. Variations found of the name Neil include O'Neill, Neal, Neale, Neales, Neil, Nihill, Niell, O'Nail, O'Neil, O'Niel and many more.

Early Notables of the Neil family (pre 1700)


Notable amongst the family name at this time was Sir Niall O'Neill who distinguished himself at the Battle of the Boyne; Conn O'Neill, 1st Earl of Tyrone (c.1480-1559) King of Tir Eogain; Shane O'Neill (c.1530-1567), Irish king of the O'Neill dynasty of Ulster; Hugh O'Neill (c. 1550-1616), Earl of Tyrone, also...
Another 61 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Neil Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Neil family to the New World and Oceana


Death and immigration greatly reduced Ireland's population in the 19th century. For the native Irish people poverty, hunger, and racial prejudice was common. Therefore, thousands left their homeland to seek opportunity in North America. Those who survived the journey and the quarantine camps to which they arrived, were instrumental towards building the strong developing nations of the United States and the future Canada. By far, the largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine during the late 1840s. These were employed as construction or factory workers. An examination of passenger and immigration lists has shown early immigrants bearing the name Neil:

Neil Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • William Neil, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1682 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Neil Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Ferdinando Neil, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Robert Neil, who landed in South Carolina in 1772 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Henry Neil, aged 18, who arrived in New York, NY in 1774 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Matthew Neil, who arrived in America in 1794 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Johan Henrich Neil, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1798 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Neil Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Neil, who landed in America in 1802 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Felix Neil, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1807 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Barnard Neil, who landed in Maryland in 1809 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Edward Neil, aged 30, who arrived in New York in 1812 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Hugh Neil, aged 42, who arrived in New York in 1812 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Neil Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Edward Neil, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Mr. George Neil U.E. who settled in Home District [York County], Ontario c. 1784 he served in the Loyal South Carolina Regiment [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Neil Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • James Neil, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1810
  • David Neil, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1820
  • Peter Neil, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1824
  • Henry Neil, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1826
  • Dennis Neil, aged 31, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Thomas Hanford" from Cork, Ireland
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Neil Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Neil, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Adamant" on March 16, 1821, settling in New South Wales, Australia [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Adamant voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1821 with 144 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adamant/1821
  • George Neil, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Birman" in 1840 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BIRMAN 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Birman.htm
  • Henry Neil, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Britannia" in 1846 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRITANNIA 1846. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846Britannia.htm
  • John Neil, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Florentia" in 1849 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) FLORENTIA 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Florentia.htm
  • Margaret Neil, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Inconstant" in 1849 [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The INCONSTANT the Voyage - 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Inconstant.htm
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Neil Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • William Neil, aged 38, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "London" in 1840
  • Bridget Neil, aged 39, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "London" in 1840
  • Edward Neil, aged 16, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "London" in 1840
  • Ellen Neil, aged 14, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "London" in 1840
  • Caroline Neil, aged 19, a housemaid, who arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Slains Castle" in 1841
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Neil (post 1700)


  • Vincent Neil (b. 1961), American vocalist and musician
  • Dan Neil (b. 1960), American automotive columnist for the Los Angeles Times awarded the 2004 Pulitzer Prize for Criticism
  • Andrew Ferguson Neil (b. 1949), Scottish journalist and broadcaster
  • Gerald Neil (b. 1978), Jamaican football defender
  • Alexander Francis Neil (b. 1981), Scottish footballer
  • Christopher Neil, British record producer, songwriter and singer
  • Andrea Neil (b. 1971), accomplished Canadian female soccer player
  • Martin Neil Baily (b. 1949), American economist at the Brookings Institution and formerly at the Peterson Institute, 19th Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers (1999–2001)
  • Raymond Neil Wilson (1928-2018), English physicist and telescope optics designer, a Kavli Prize laureate
  • James Neil Swallow (1931-2010), British dentist from Taunton, England who developed treatments for adults and children with mental and physical disabilities

Historic Events for the Neil family



Halifax Explosion

  • Mr. M.  Neil, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance

Neil Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Adamant voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1821 with 144 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adamant/1821
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BIRMAN 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Birman.htm
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRITANNIA 1846. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846Britannia.htm
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) FLORENTIA 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Florentia.htm
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The INCONSTANT the Voyage - 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Inconstant.htm
  8. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance

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