McGill History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
An ancient Strathclyde-Briton family from the Scottish/English Borderlands were the first to use the name McGill. They lived in Galloway. The McGill surname also comes from the Gaelic patronytmic name Mac an Ghoill, which means "son of the stranger."
Early Origins of the McGill family
The surname McGill was first found in Galloway (Gaelic: Gall-ghaidhealaibh), an area of southwestern Scotland, now part of the Council Area of Dumfries and Galloway, that formerly consisted of the counties of Wigtown (West Galloway) and Kirkcudbright (East Galloway), where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.
Early History of the McGill family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our McGill research. Another 91 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1231, 1579, 1595, 1582, 1595, 1734 and are included under the topic Early McGill History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
McGill Spelling Variations
Before the printing press standardized spelling in the last few hundred years, no general rules existed in the English language. Spelling variations in Scottish names from the Middle Ages are common even within a single document. McGill has been spelled MacGill, Magill, Makgill and others.
Early Notables of the McGill family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Sir James MacGill of Nether Rankeillour (died 1579), a Scottish politician, Lord Clerk Register to Mary, Queen of Scots; and his son, David MacGill or Makgill (died...
Another 35 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early McGill Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
In the United States, the name McGill is the 1,247th most popular surname with an estimated 24,870 people with that name.  However, in New Zealand, the name McGill is ranked the 861st most popular surname with an estimated 852 people with that name. 
Migration of the McGill family to Ireland
Some of the McGill family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 96 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
McGill migration to the United States +
For Scottish immigrants, the great expense of travel to North America did not seem such a problem in those unstable times. Acres of land awaited them and many got the chance to fight for their freedom in the American War of Independence. These Scots and their ancestors went on to play important roles in the forging of the great nations of the United States and Canada. Among them:
McGill Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Archibald McGill, who landed in North Carolina in 1740 
- Andrew McGill, aged 25, who landed in Virginia in 1774 
- James McGill, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1799 
McGill Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Robert McGill, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1802 
- Hugh McGill, who arrived in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1804 
- Daniel McGill, who arrived in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1804 
- Anthony McGill, who arrived in America in 1811 
- Samuel McGill, who landed in America in 1811 
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
McGill migration to Canada +
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
McGill Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Mr. John McGill U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784, then resettled in Niagara, he served in the Queens Rangers, he became a Freeman in 1785, died in 1834 
McGill Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Peter McGill, who landed in Canada in 1821
- Thomas McGill, aged 26, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Cupid" in 1834
- John McGill, aged 30, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Highlander" in 1834
- Mr. Barney McGill, aged 20 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Columbia" departing 1st May 1847 from Sligo, Ireland; the ship arrived on 10th June 1847 but he died on board 
McGill migration to Australia +
Emigration to Australia
followed the First Fleets
of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:
McGill Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Mary McGill, Scottish convict from Glasgow, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on December 14, 1835, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia 
- Jane McGill, aged 19, a domestic servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Standard" 
- William McGill, aged 29, a miner, who arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Shackamaxon" 
- Janes McGill, aged 24, a domestic servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1859 aboard the ship "North"
McGill migration to New Zealand +
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
McGill Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Mr. James McGill, Scottish settler travelling from Clyde aboard the ship "Robert Henderson" arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 5th October 1861 
- Mrs. McGill, Scottish settler travelling from Clyde aboard the ship "Robert Henderson" arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 5th October 1861 
- Mr. James McGill, Scottish settler travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Storm Cloud" arriving in Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 30th July 1861 
- Mrs. McGill, Scottish settler with 2 children travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Storm Cloud" arriving in Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 30th July 1861 
- John McGill, aged 38, a farm servant, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Helenslee" in 1864
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Contemporary Notables of the name McGill (post 1700) +
- Ralph Waldo Emerson McGill (1898-1969), American journalist, Pulitzer Prize winning newspaper editor and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
- James McGill (1744-1813), Scottish-born fur trader and philanthropist, endower and eponym of McGill University, Montreal, Canada in 1829
- William James McGill (1922-1997), American psychologist, author and academic administrator
- John McGill (1809-1872), American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, Bishop of Richmond from 1850 until his death in 1872
- David McGill, American Grammy Award-winning bassoonist
- Bryant Harrison McGill (b. 1969), American editor and author from Mobile, Alabama
- Bill "The Hill" McGill (b. 1939), retired American NBA and ABA basketball player
- Andrew Ryan McGill (1840-1905), American politician, the tenth Governor of Minnesota (1887-1889)
- Bruce Travis McGill (b. 1950), American actor, best known for his role as Jack Dalton on the television series MacGyver 
- Sergeant Troy A. McGill (1914-1944), American soldier awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1944
- ... (Another 42 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Historic Events for the McGill family +
- Mrs. Frances Eugene McGill, née Long, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion 
- Mr. Robert H Mcgill, British Ordinary Signalman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking 
Related Stories +
The McGill Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Sine fine
Motto Translation: Without end.
Suggested Readings for the name McGill +
- Four Generation of Charles Magill of Ireland by Donald Gary Magill.
- ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
- ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
- ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 87)
- ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1835 with 132 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1835
- ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) STANDARD 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/standard1852.shtml.
- ^ South Australian Register Thursday 20 January 1853. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SHACKAMAXON 1853. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/shackamaxon1853.shtml.
- ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
- ^ Bruce McGill. (Retrieved 2011, January 21) Bruce McGill. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruce_McGill
- ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
- ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html