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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


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The surname McCandless was first found in Galloway (Gaelic: Gall-ghaidhealaibh), an area of southwestern Scotland, now part of the Council Area of Dumfries and Galloway, that formerly consisted of the counties of Wigtown (West Galloway) and Kirkcudbright (East Galloway), where they held a family seat in Western Scotland. After the Norman Conquest of England many of Duke William's rebellious Barons moved north. The border became a convenient but turbulent no-man's land where the persecuted found haven. Many were given land by King Malcolm Canmore and later by King David of Scotland. Some Gallowegians were native Scots, some were Irish clans mostly from Ulster in the 13th century. The name was first recorded in Scotland about the 15th century in Wigtown. They may also have been McCanish sept of Atholl to the north.

Spelling variations of this family name include: McCandlish, McAndliss, McCandless, McChandliss, McChandlish, McChandless, McCandliss, McCaunless, McCaunles, McKanless, McCanless, Candlish and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our McCandless research. Another 164 words (12 lines of text) covering the year 1794 is included under the topic Early McCandless History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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More information is included under the topic Early McCandless Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the McCandless family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 255 words (18 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

McCandless Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • George McCandless, who arrived in America in 1795

McCandless Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Robert McCandless, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1803
  • William McCandless, who arrived in South Carolina in 1825
  • John McCandless, aged 17, arrived in Baltimore, Maryland in 1832
  • James McCandless, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1837

McCandless Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • John McCandless, aged 20, a gardener, arrived in Bluff, New Zealand aboard the ship "Adamant" in 1875
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  • Wilson McCandless (1810-1882), United States federal judge
  • William McCandless (1834-1884), officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War
  • Lincoln Loy "Link" McCandless (1859-1940), American cattle rancher, industrialist and politician from Hawaii
  • Stanley McCandless (1897-1967), American considered to be the father of modern lighting design
  • Sam McCandless (b. 1978), American musician, producer and artist
  • Commodore Byron McCandless (1881-1967), longtime U.S. Navy officer who was awarded the Navy Cross
  • Paul McCandless Jr. (b. 1947), American jazz woodwind player and composer
  • Alfred "Al" A. McCandless (b. 1927), American Republican politician from California
  • Bruce McCandless (1911-1968), American officer of United States Navy who received the Medal of Honor
  • Bruce McCandless II (b. 1937), former NASA astronaut with over 312 hours in space
  • ...
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Sola nobilitas virtus
Motto Translation: Virtue is the only nobility.

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Citations



    Other References

    1. Moody David. Scottish Family History. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0806312688).
    2. Browne, James. The History of Scotland it's Highlands, Regiments and Clans 8 Volumes. Edinburgh: Francis A Niccolls & Co, 1909. Print.
    3. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Scotch Irish Pioneers In Ulster and America. Montana: Kessinger Publishing. Print.
    4. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and Don Pottinger. Clan Map Scotland of Old. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1983. Print.
    5. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    6. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
    7. Bain, Robert. The Clans and Tartans of Scotland. Glasgow & London: Collins, 1968. Print. (ISBN 000411117-6).
    8. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
    9. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
    10. Scots Kith and Kin And Illustrated Map Revised 2nd Edition. Edinburgh: Clan House/Albyn. Print.
    11. ...

    The McCandless Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The McCandless Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 29 November 2015 at 12:07.

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