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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Origins Available: English, French
Martel is one of the names carried to England in the great wave of migration from Normandy following the Norman Conquest in 1066. It is based on the popular medieval given name Martin. It derives from the Latin Martinus, which comes from Mars, the Roman God of War.
Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence in the eras before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate regularly changed the spellings of their names as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Martel have been found, including Martel, Mortel, Martell, Mortell and others.
First found in Essex where they held a family seat from at Abbess Roding. One of the most famous early references of the surname was William Martel (1130-1153), English steward of the royal households of King Henry I and King Stephen of England, castellan of Sherborne Castle until 1143. Some of the family were found at Whaddon in Buckinghamshire in early times. " A small priory of Benedictine monks, in honour of St. Leonard, was founded in this parish, at Snelleshall, prior to the time of Henry III., by Ralph Martel, and at the Dissolution had a revenue of £24." 
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Martel research. Another 199 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1130, 1204, 1130, 1153 and 1143 are included under the topic Early Martel History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Martel Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Martel family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 39 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
For many English families, the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. For such families, the shores of Ireland, Australia, and the New World beckoned. They left their homeland at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. Many arrived after the long voyage sick, starving, and without a penny. But even those were greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. Numerous English settlers who arrived in the United States and Canada at this time went on to make important contributions to the developing cultures of those countries. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Martel were among those contributors:
Martel Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Nicolas Martel, aged 15, settled in Louisiana in 1719
- Nicholas Martel settled in Louisiana in 1719
- Nicolas Martel, aged 15, arrived in Louisiana in 1719
- Antonio Martel settled in New Orleans in 1778 with Francesca his wife and children
- Antonio Martel, who settled with his wife Francesca Antonia, son Antonio 6, son Domingo 2, and daughter Blavina 11, in New Orleans in 1778
Martel Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Luis Martel, who arrived in Puerto Rico in 1816
- Manuel Martel, who landed in Puerto Rico in 1823
- Gaspar Martel, who arrived in Spanish Main in 1836
- Jom Martel, aged 25, arrived in New Orleans, La in 1839
- Albert Martel, who landed in Texas in 1850-1906
Martel Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Jas Adam De Martel, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1767
- Diane Martel, American music video director and choreographer
- Sherri Martel (1958-2007), born Sherri Russell, an American professional wrestler and manager, better known by her ring names, Sherri Martel and Sensational Sherri
- Arlene Martel (1936-2014), American actress and acting coach, known for her roles in Star Trek, Hogan's Heroes, Perry Mason and The Twilight Zone
- Paul M. Martel, American Republican politician, Delegate to New Hampshire State Constitutional Convention from Manchester 3rd Ward, 1956; Candidate in primary for New Hampshire Governor's Council 3rd District, 1956
- Louis Israel Martel, American Democrat politician, Delegate to New Hampshire State Constitutional Convention from Manchester 3rd Ward, 1956; Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New Hampshire, 1956
- L. J. Martel, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Mayor of Lewiston, Maine, 1893
- George Louis Martel, American Republican politician, Candidate for New Hampshire State House of Representatives from Manchester 6th Ward, 1938
- Frank X. Martel, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Michigan, 1932
- Erich H. Martel, American politician, Socialist Workers Candidate for Presidential Elector for District of Columbia, 1972
- Edward Martel, American politician, Delegate to New Hampshire State Constitutional Convention from Manchester 12th Ward, 1956
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
- Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
- Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
- Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
- Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
- Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
- Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
- Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
- Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
- Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
The Martel Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Martel Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 1 March 2016 at 11:10.
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