Marlay History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The illustrious surname Marlay is classified as a habitation surname, which was originally derived from a place-name, and is one form of surname belonging to a broader group called hereditary surnames. Habitation names were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Topographic names, form the other broad category of surnames that was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree.
Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. Marlay is a place-name from in Morlaix, in Brittany, a peninsula in the northwest of France. Formerly known as Armorica, a possession of the Roman Empire, this land consists of a plateau with a deeply indented coast and is broken by hills in the west.
Early Origins of the Marlay family
The surname Marlay was first found in Cheshire where they held a family seat from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.
Early History of the Marlay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marlay research. Another 128 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1132, 1409, and 1564 are included under the topic Early Marlay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Marlay Spelling Variations
Since the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules, Breton surnames have many spelling variations. Latin and French, which were the official court languages, were also influential on the spelling of surnames. The spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules. Therefore, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England after the Norman Conquest, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. The name has been spelled Marley, Marlay, Marly, Maroley and others.
Early Notables of the Marlay family (pre 1700)
Another 43 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marlay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Marlay family to Ireland
Some of the Marlay family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 78 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Marlay migration to the United States +
Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Marlay, or a variant listed above:
Marlay Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- John Marlay, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1745 
Contemporary Notables of the name Marlay (post 1700) +
- Paul H. Marlay, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Nebraska, 1908 
Related Stories +
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 7) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html