Maitland History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

From the historical and enchanting region of Scotland emerged a multitude of noble families, including the distinguished Maitland family name. Originally, the Scottish people were known only by a single name. Surnames evolved during the Middle Ages when people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. The Maitland surname is generally thought to derive from the Anglo-Norman French word "maltalent," or "mautalent," meaning "bad temper," in turn from the Late Latin "malum," meaning "bad," and "talentum," meaning "inclination," or "disposition." As such, the surname is said to be a nickname surname; originally used for someone with this characteristic. However, there was also a place called Mautalant in Pontorson, France, which may have been a source for the surname.

Early Origins of the Maitland family

The surname Maitland was first found in Berwickshire an ancient county of Scotland, presently part of the Scottish Borders Council Area, located in the eastern part of the Borders Region of Scotland, where they came from England following 1066. Instances of the name were fairly common in Northumberland during the 12th and 13th centuries. One reference claims the name was thought to have been derived from a place in the parish of Inveresk in the county of Edinburgh called Magdalen Pans, which evolved to Maitland Pans, from a chapel dedicated to St. Mary Magdalen, which formerly stood there.[1] Whatever the origin, it seems the first on record in Scotland was Thomas de Matalant, who was settled in Berwick during the reign of William the Lion, King of Scots from 1165 to 1214.

Important Dates for the Maitland family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Maitland research. Another 216 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1525, 1573, 1568, 1595, 1587, 1645, 1624, 1745, 1486, 1586, 1537, 1595, 1590, 1586, 1645, 1616, 1682, 1620, 1691, 1653, 1695, 1655, 1710 and are included under the topic Early Maitland History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Maitland Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Maitland, Matland, Maltland, Maltalent, Matlain and others.

Early Notables of the Maitland family (pre 1700)

Notable among the family at this time was Sir Richard Maitland (1486-1586), lawyer and poet; John Maitland (1537-1595), created 1st Lord Maitland of Thirlestane (1590), and Lord Chancellor of Scotland (1586); John Maitland, 1st Earl of Lauderdale, Viscount of Lauderdale, Viscount Maitland, and Lord Thirlestane and Boltoun, (died 1645), President of the Scottish Parliament; and...
Another 55 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Maitland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Maitland family to Ireland

Some of the Maitland family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 51 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Maitland migration to the United States

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Maitland Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Maitland, who was banished to the American Plantations in 1684
  • Andrew Maitland, who arrived in New Jersey in 1685
  • Andrew Maitland, who landed in New Jersey in 1685 [2]
  • William Maitland, who settled in Georgia in 1698
Maitland Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Alexander Maitland, who arrived in America in 1739
  • Richard Maitland, who settled in New York in 1766
  • James Maitland, who settled in Jamaica in 1773
  • David Maitland, who settled in New York in 1794
Maitland Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Anne, Mary, Thomas, William, John Maitland, who all, who settled in Philadelphia in 1804
  • Ann Maitland, aged 56, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1804 [2]
  • William Maitland, who landed in New York, NY in 1811 [2]
  • Archibald Maitland, aged 25, who landed in New York in 1812 [2]
  • Mrs. Maitland, aged 18, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1847 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Maitland migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Maitland Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Richard Maitland, who arrived in Quebec in 1762

Maitland migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Maitland Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Alexander Maitland, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Constance" in 1848 [3]
  • Catherin Maitland, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Constance" in 1848 [3]
  • Elizabeth Maitland, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Constance" in 1848 [3]
  • James Maitland, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Constance" in 1848 [3]
  • P.S. Maitland, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Childe Harold" in 1849 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Maitland migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Maitland Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. James Maitland, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Slains Castle" arriving in Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 9th November 1852 [5]
  • Mr. George Maitland, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Slains Castle" arriving in Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 9th November 1852 [5]
  • Mr. Maitland, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Stately" arriving in Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 5th February 1854 [5]
  • Mrs. Maitland, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Stately" arriving in Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 5th February 1854 [5]
  • Mr. David Maitland, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Stately" arriving in Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 5th February 1854 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Maitland (post 1700)

  • Lester J. Maitland (1899-1990), American World War pilot and aviation pioneer
  • Ian Maitland, American Republican politician, Independent Republican Candidate for U.S. Representative from Minnesota 4th District, 1988, 1990, 1992 [6]
  • Claudine C. Maitland, American Republican politician, Member of Connecticut Republican State Central Committee, 1940; Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Connecticut, 1940 [6]
  • Alexander Maitland (1844-1925), American Republican politician, Mining executive; Mayor of Negaunee, Michigan; Member of Michigan State Senate 31st District, 1897-1900; Lieutenant Governor of Michigan, 1903-06 [6]
  • Patrick Francis Maitland (1911-2008), Scottish politician, member of the UK Parliament, Hereditary Bearer of the National Flag of Scotland, Chief of the Clan Maitland, 17th Earl of Lauderdale, Viscount of Lauderdale, Viscount Maitland, and Lord Thirlestane & Bolton, and a Baronet of Nova Scotia
  • Ian Colin Maitland (1891-1953), Scottish nobleman, member of the House of Lords (1931-1945), 15th Earl of Lauderdale, Viscount Lauderdale, Viscount Maitland, Lord Thirlestane and Boltoun, Baronet of Nova Scotia
  • Sir Richard Maitland (1496-1586), Scottish lawyer and poet
  • Mr. Geoffrey Colin Maitland C.B.E., FREng,, British Professor of Energy Engineering at Imperial College London, was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire on 29th December 2018 for services to Chemical Engineering by Her Majesty The Queen [7]
  • Brigadier George Brumfitt Gibb Maitland (b. 1896), Director of Medical Services, 1st Australian Army in 1945 [8]
  • James Maitland (1759-1839), Scottish noble, 8th Earl of Lauderdale
  • ... (Another 9 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Maitland family

HMS Hood
  • Mr. John W Maitland (b. 1899), English Chief Shipwright serving for the Royal Navy from Poole, Dorsetshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [9]

Citations

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CONSTANCE - 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848Constance.htm
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CHILDE HAROLD 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849ChildeHarold.htm
  5. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  6. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 7) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  7. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
  8. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, August 30) George Maitland. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Maitland/George_Brumfitt_Gibb/Australia.html
  9. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
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