Lough History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Lough family

The surname Lough was first found in Fife, where they have held a family seat from the 12th century, probably about 1135. About this time Earl David of Huntingdon, son of King Malcolm of Scotland, came north to claim the throne of Scotland. He brought with him many Norman nobles to whom he gave estates.

Although the first on record was Constantin of Lochore about 1150, there is no trace of the line from which Constantin was descended in Normandy. Constantin was the first Lord of Lochore.

The ancient Gaelic family seated on Lochore (Inchgall) Island in the Parish of Ballingry was superceded by these new Lords from Normandy. He was succeeded by another Constantinus, either a son or grandson in 1235. Andreas, brother of Constantin, and Phillip and David, brothers of Constantinus, also started other lines of the family. David, became Sheriff of Fife in 1265. David was close to Royal Court circles and was one of the dignitaries on a charter by King Alexander III at Roxburgh in 1279.

Early History of the Lough family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Lough research. Another 168 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1305, 1316, 1328, 1328, 1332, 1498, 1605, 1595 and 1608 are included under the topic Early Lough History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Lough Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Locher, Lochor, Lahore, Lahoar, Lohoar, Lochore, Lochoir, Laugher, Louchor, Louchere, Louchore, Locquhor, Lokuhor, Lokquhor and many more.

Early Notables of the Lough family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Lough Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Lough migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Lough Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • James Lough, who arrived in Virginia in 1701 [1]
  • Christian Lough, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1768 [1]
Lough Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Joseph Lough, aged 27, who landed in New York in 1812-1813 [1]
  • Peter Lough, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1853 [1]
  • Thomas Lough, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1855 [1]

Australia Lough migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Lough Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Charlotte Lough, English convict from Derby, who was transported aboard the "Angelina" on April 25, 1844, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [2]

New Zealand Lough migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Lough Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Edwin Henry Lough, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Northfleet" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand, Via Wellington and Lyttleton in February 1854 [3]
  • Mr. Henry Lough, (b. 1808), aged 52, British shopkeeper travelling from Bristol aboard the ship "Matoaka" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 2nd December 1860 [3]
  • Mrs. Martha E Lough, (b. 1809), aged 51, British settler travelling from Bristol aboard the ship "Matoaka" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 2nd December 1860 [3]
  • Miss Jane Elizabeth Lough, (b. 1843), aged 17, British domestic servant travelling from Bristol aboard the ship "Matoaka" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 2nd December 1860 [3]
  • Miss Mary Ann Lough, (b. 1846), aged 14, British domestic servant travelling from Bristol aboard the ship "Matoaka" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 2nd December 1860 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Lough (post 1700) +

  • Brigadier-General Maxon Spafford Lough (1886-1964), American Commanding General Philippine Division (1941-1942) [4]
  • Jean C. Lough, American politician, Mayor of Arkansas City, Kansas, 1992 [5]
  • F. W. Lough, American politician, Prohibition Candidate for U.S. Representative from Indiana 2nd District, 1948 [5]
  • E. St. George Lough, American politician, U.S. Vice Consul in Guadeloupe, 1919-26 [5]
  • Brigadier John Robert Stuart Lough (1887-1970), Commanding Officer Group D Canadian Reinforcement Units, England (1944) [6]


  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 27) Angelina voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1844 with 171 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/angelina/1844
  3. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  4. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, April 2) Maxon Lough. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Lough/Maxon_Spafford/USA.html
  5. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, December 1) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  6. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, September 27) John Lough. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Lough/John_Robert_Stuart/Canada.html


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