Lock History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Lock family

The surname Lock was first found in Peeblesshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd nam Pùballan), former county in South-central Scotland, in the present day Scottish Borders Council Area. They were from the locality known as Portmoore Loch in the parish of Eddleston in Peeblesshire. Literally, the name means "a place where rivers meet with a partial obstruction from a wooden dam. " [1] Later they acquired the lands of Gillemorestun in 1189. John Loch of Roxburghshire represented his Clan when he rendered homage in 1296 to King Edward I of England on his brief conquest of Scotland. Malise Lock was taken prisoner at Dunbar Castle in the same year. [2] Further to the south, the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed: Geoffrey Loc, or Lock in Suffolk; and William Lock in Oxfordshire. [3] Kirby's Quest lists John Loke in Somerset, 1 Edward III. (during the first year of Edward III's reign.) [4]

Early History of the Lock family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Lock research. Another 114 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1464, 1474, 1510, 1504, 1510, 1820, 1621, 1677, 1632 and 1704 are included under the topic Early Lock History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Lock Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Loch, Lock, Locke, Lochlair, Locklair and others.

Early Notables of the Lock family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family at this time was George Lock, Bishop of Glasgow; Matthew Locke (ca. 1621-1677), an English Baroque composer and music theorist; and John Locke (1632-1704), known as the...
Another 30 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Lock Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Lock World Ranking

In the United States, the name Lock is the 4,930th most popular surname with an estimated 4,974 people with that name. [5] However, in Australia, the name Lock is ranked the 818th most popular surname with an estimated 4,813 people with that name. [6] And in New Zealand, the name Lock is the 928th popular surname with an estimated 802 people with that name. [7] The United Kingdom ranks Lock as 634th with 10,405 people. [8]


United States Lock migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Lock Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Lock, who landed in Virginia in 1628 [9]
  • William Lock, who settled in New England in 1634
  • Tho Lock, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [9]
  • Gm Lock, who arrived in Virginia in 1637 [9]
  • George Lock, who landed in Virginia in 1651 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Lock Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Jarvis Lock, who arrived in Virginia in 1702 [9]
  • Richard Lock, who landed in Bermuda in 1743 [9]
Lock Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Maria Lock, who arrived in New York, NY in 1850 [9]
  • David Lock, who landed in New York, NY in 1850 [9]
  • Fritz Lock, who landed in New York, NY in 1850 [9]
  • Thomas Lock, aged 28, who landed in New York in 1854 [9]
  • William H Lock, who arrived in Mississippi in 1876 [9]

Canada Lock migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Lock Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Francis Lock, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749-1752

Australia Lock migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Lock Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Daniel Lock "alias Thurston", English convict from Isle of Ely, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • John Lock "alias Thurston", English convict from Isle of Ely, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • William Lock "alias Thurston", English convict from Isle of Ely, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • George Lock, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia [11]
  • Matthew Lock, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on September 21, 1826, settling in New South Wales, Australia [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Lock migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Lock Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Samuel Lock, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cashmere" in 1853
  • S. Lock, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cashmere" in 1853
  • Miss Esther Lock, (b. 1834), aged 22, British servant travelling from London aboard the ship "Isabella Hercus" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 4th January 1856 [13]
  • Miss Florence Lock, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Oriental" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 25th February 1856 [14]
  • Miss Sarah Lock, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Oriental" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 25th February 1856 [14]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Lock migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [15]
Lock Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • William Lock, who settled in Barbados in 1635
  • William Lock, aged 21, who landed in Barbados in 1635 [9]
  • Mr. Richard Lock, (b. 1615), aged 20, British settler traveling aboard the ship "Paul of London" arriving in St Christopher (Saint Kitts) in 1635 [16]
  • Mr. William Lock, (b. 1614), aged 21, British settler travelling aboard the ship "Expedition" arriving in Barbados in 1636 [17]
  • John Lock, who settled in Barbados in 1654

Contemporary Notables of the name Lock (post 1700) +

  • Don Wilson Lock (1936-2017), American Major League Baseball outfielder, Pawtucket Red Sox (Eastern League) Manager in 1972
  • Sean Lock (1963-2021), English comedian and actor from Chertsey, Surrey, nominated for the Perrier Comedy Award
  • Ms. Patricia Lock B.E.M., British Senior Clerical Officer for School of History, Anthropology, Philosophy and Politics at Queen’s University Belfast was appointed the British Empire Medal on 8th June 2018, for services to the community in Northern Ireland [18]
  • Flight Lieutenant Eric Stanley Lock DSO, DFC & Bar (1919-1941), British fighter ace of the Royal Air Force
  • Édouard Lock (b. 1954), Canadian dance choreographer
  • Anthony "Tony" Lock (b. 1976), English football forward
  • Graham Anthony Richard Lock (b. 1929), English cricket player
  • Eric Lock, British fighter pilot and flying ace in the Royal Air Force, during World War II, credited with 26½ aerial victories
  • Sir Charles Lock Eastlake (1793-1865), English historical painter, gallery director, collector and writer from Plymouth, Devon [19]
  • Charles Lock Eastlake (1836-1906), English architect and furniture designer from Plymouth, Devon, nephew of Sir Charles Lock Eastlake

HMS Dorsetshire
  • Ray Lock, British aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he survived the sinking [20]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Robert H Lock (b. 1922), English Marine serving for the Royal Marine from Martock, Somerset, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [21]
  • Mr. Herbert H Lock (b. 1907), English Stoker Petty Officer serving for the Royal Navy from Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [21]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Douglas Lock, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [22]
  • Mr. Owen Thomas Daniel Lock (1914-1942), "Dunn" British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking, but later died whilst a Prisoner of War in in 1942 [22]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Leslie Francis Lock (d. 1939), British Engine Room Artificer 4th Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [23]
Senghenydd colliery
  • Mr. Joseph Arthur Lock (b. 1893), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
  • Mr. Silas Lock (b. 1896), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Douglas A. Lock, American Seaman First Class from New York, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [24]


The Lock Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Assiduitate, non desdia
Motto Translation: By assiduity, not by sloth.


  1. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print.
  5. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  6. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  7. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  8. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  9. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  10. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  11. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1824 with 9 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1824
  12. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Albion voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1826 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1826
  13. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  14. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  15. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  16. ^ Pilgrim Ship's of 1600's (Retrieved October 4th 2021, retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  17. ^ Pilgrim Ship Lists Early 1600's retrieved 29th September 2021. (Retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  18. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62310, 31 October 2019 | London Gazette, The Gazette, June 2018, https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/62310/supplement/B1
  19. ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 30 June 2020
  20. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html
  21. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  22. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  23. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  24. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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