The name Lieke has been recorded in British history since the time when the Anglo-Saxons
ruled over the region. The name is assumed to have been given to someone who was a doctor. Throughout the Middle Ages, doctors were known as "leaches" as the practice of bleeding sick people was the generally accepted manner of curing them. There are countless people in the Middle Ages who died thanks to the common cold; not because the virus killed them, but because they bled to death on the advice of their physicians. Bleeding was accomplished by placing a dozen or so leaches on the person who was ill so that they could remove the poisons that were making them ill, hence the name "leach" for the occupation
of doctor. It is small wonder that illness was so feared in the medieval period; many people died from illnesses that would not have otherwise killed them because their doctors were weakening them through loss of blood.
Since the 1970s, Hirudo medicinalis, better known as the European medicinal leech has been routinely used to drain blood after reconstructive surgery, particularly in finger reattachment and reconstructive surgery of the ear, nose, lip, and eyelid.
Early Origins of the Lieke family
The surname Lieke was first found in Oxfordshire
where the earliest records of the family were found as Edmund le Leche and William le Leche who were both listed in the Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273. A few years later, Robert le Leche was listed in the Writs of Parliament of 1307. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Further north in Scotland, many records were found including: Henry Leche held a tenement in Glasgow in 1325. "Henry Leche, is later referred to in a safe conduct by Edward III of England in 1348 as "Hector medicus David de Bruys." From another reference to him in 1369, he turns out to be a MacBeth, perhaps one of the family of hereditary doctors of that name so famous in West Highland history. Wilham de Lech or Leche was burgess of Aberdeen, 1362. He may be William Leche, merchant of Aberdeen, whose goods were plundered in England, 1370, when his ship was driven ashore in Kirklee Rode, Suffolk." CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3) They also settled in Monteith where they gave their name to Leitchtown.
Early History of the Lieke family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Lieke research.Another 61 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1150 and are included under the topic Early Lieke History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Lieke Spelling Variations
The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred
years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations
in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Lieke has been spelled many different ways, including Leach, Leech, Leche, Leitch, Leich, Leetch and others.
Early Notables of the Lieke family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Lieke Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Lieke family to Ireland
Some of the Lieke family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 50 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Lieke family to the New World and Oceana
Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Liekes to arrive in North America:
Lieke Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Henry Lieke, who arrived in America in 1887 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)