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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, Irish


The name Leech is from the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name was given to a person who was a doctor. Throughout the Middle Ages, doctors were known as "leaches" as the practice of bleeding sick people was the generally accepted manner of curing them. There are countless people in the Middle Ages who died thanks to the common cold; not because the virus killed them, but because they bled to death on the advice of their physicians. Bleeding was accomplished by placing a dozen or so leaches on the person who was ill so that they could remove the poisons that were making them ill, hence the name "leach" for the occupation of doctor. It is small wonder that illness was so feared in the medieval period; many people died from illnesses that would not have otherwise killed them because their doctors were weakening them through loss of blood.

Leech Early Origins



The surname Leech was first found in Cheshire where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.

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Leech Spelling Variations


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Leech Spelling Variations



Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Leech family name include Leach, Leech, Leche, Leitch, Leich, Leetch and others.

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Leech Early History


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Leech Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Leech research. Another 287 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1150 and 1325 are included under the topic Early Leech History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Leech Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Leech Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Leech Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Leech In Ireland


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Leech In Ireland



Some of the Leech family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 136 words (10 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, the Canadas, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Investigation of the origins of family names on the North American continent has revealed that early immigrants bearing the name Leech or a variant listed above:

Leech Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Millicent Leech, aged 28, landed in Barbados in 1635
  • Rich Leech, aged 22, landed in Barbados in 1635
  • Jon Leech, who landed in Virginia in 1636
  • Mark Leech, who arrived in Virginia in 1639
  • Stephen Leech, who arrived in Virginia in 1639
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Leech Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Joseph Leech, who arrived in Virginia in 1702
  • Duncan Leech, who arrived in New York in 1740
  • Mary Leech, who landed in South Carolina in 1772
  • Robert Leech, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1773

Leech Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Samuel Leech, who landed in New York, NY in 1811
  • Sarah Leech, who landed in New York, NY in 1816
  • Malcolm Leech, who landed in New York, NY in 1816
  • Andrew Leech, who arrived in New York, NY in 1816
  • Andrew Leech, who came from Ireland to New York in 1816
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Leech Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • John Leech, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Mrs. Catharine Leech U.E. (née) Reid, Widowed Munro who settled in Quebec c. 1782, in 1789 granted land in Augusta, Ontario, relocated to 1803 to Front of Yonge Township, Leeds & Grenville, Ontarioher husband Mr John Munro was murdered and family was taken prisoner, transported from New York with 8 children in the fall of 1782 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • Mr. Thomas Leech U.E. who settled in Saint Johns, New Brunswick c. 1784 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Leech Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Mr. James Leech, aged 56 who emigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Free Trader" departing from the port of Liverpool, England but died on Grosse Isle in September 1847 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 39)
  • W Leech, who arrived in Victoria, British Columbia in 1862

Leech Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • David Leech, English convict from Worcester, who was transported aboard the "Agincourt" on July 6, 1844, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 24) Agincourt voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1844 with 226 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/agincourt/1844
  • Mary Ann Leech arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Asiatic" in 1849
  • James Leech arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Stebonheath" in 1849
  • William Leech, English convict from Staffordshire, who was transported aboard the "Adelaide" on August 08, 1849, settling in Van Diemen's Land and Port Phillip, Australia [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 17) Adelaide voyage to Van Diemen's Land and Port Phillip, Australia in 1849 with 303 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adelaide/1849
  • George Leech, English Convict from Chelmsford, who was transported aboard the "Aboukir" on December 24, 1851, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 18) Aboukir voyage to Van Diemen's Land and Norfolk Island. [These convicts appear to have all landed in Van Diemen's Land], Australia in 1851 with 280 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/aboukir/1851
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Leech Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • John Leech arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Balaklava" in 1864
  • Charles Leech, aged 22, a labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bebington" in 1872

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Contemporary Notables of the name Leech (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Leech (post 1700)



  • Margaret Kernochan Leech (1893-1974), also known as Margaret Pulitzer, an American author and historian, who won two Pulitzer Prizes in history
  • James Russell Leech (1888-1952), Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania
  • Geoffrey Neil Leech (1936-2014), English specialist in English language and linguistics
  • John Leech (1817-1864), English caricaturist
  • Kenneth Leech (1939-2015), British Anglican priest and Christian socialist
  • John Leech (1934-2009), co-founder of the Onyx Cafe
  • John Leech (1926-1992), British mathematician, discoverer of the Leech Lattice
  • Faith Yvonne Leech (b. 1941), former Australian Olympic freestyle swimmer
  • Allen Leech (b. 1981), Irish stage, television and film actor

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Leech Historic Events


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Leech Historic Events




RMS Lusitania

  • Mr. T. Leech, English First Junior 3rd Engineer from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking

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Leech Family Crest Products


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Leech Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  2. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 39)
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 24) Agincourt voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1844 with 226 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/agincourt/1844
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 17) Adelaide voyage to Van Diemen's Land and Port Phillip, Australia in 1849 with 303 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adelaide/1849
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 18) Aboukir voyage to Van Diemen's Land and Norfolk Island. [These convicts appear to have all landed in Van Diemen's Land], Australia in 1851 with 280 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/aboukir/1851

Other References

  1. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  2. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  3. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  4. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  5. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  6. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  7. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  8. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  9. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
  10. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  11. ...

The Leech Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Leech Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 9 December 2016 at 08:50.

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