The name Leack is rooted in the ancient Anglo-Saxon
culture. It was originally a name for someone who worked as a doctor. Throughout the Middle Ages, doctors were known as "leaches" as the practice of bleeding sick people was the generally accepted manner of curing them. There are countless people in the Middle Ages who died thanks to the common cold; not because the virus killed them, but because they bled to death on the advice of their physicians. Bleeding was accomplished by placing a dozen or so leaches on the person who was ill so that they could remove the poisons that were making them ill, hence the name "leach" for the occupation
of doctor. It is small wonder that illness was so feared in the medieval period; many people died from illnesses that would not have otherwise killed them because their doctors were weakening them through loss of blood.
Since the 1970s, Hirudo medicinalis, better known as the European medicinal leech has been routinely used to drain blood after reconstructive surgery, particularly in finger reattachment and reconstructive surgery of the ear, nose, lip, and eyelid.
Early Origins of the Leack family
The surname Leack was first found in Oxfordshire
where the earliest records of the family were found as Edmund le Leche and William le Leche who were both listed in the Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273. A few years later, Robert le Leche was listed in the Writs of Parliament of 1307. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Further north in Scotland, many records were found including: Henry Leche held a tenement in Glasgow in 1325. "Henry Leche, is later referred to in a safe conduct by Edward III of England in 1348 as "Hector medicus David de Bruys." From another reference to him in 1369, he turns out to be a MacBeth, perhaps one of the family of hereditary doctors of that name so famous in West Highland history. Wilham de Lech or Leche was burgess of Aberdeen, 1362. He may be William Leche, merchant of Aberdeen, whose goods were plundered in England, 1370, when his ship was driven ashore in Kirklee Rode, Suffolk." CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3) They also settled in Monteith where they gave their name to Leitchtown.
Early History of the Leack family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Leack research.Another 128 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1150 and are included under the topic Early Leack History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Leack Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred
years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon
surnames like Leack are characterized by many spelling variations
. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Leack include Leach, Leech, Leche, Leitch, Leich, Leetch and others.
Early Notables of the Leack family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Leack Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Leack family to Ireland
Some of the Leack family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 117 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Leack family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Leack or a variant listed above: John Leach arrived in Barbados in 1679; with his servants; Lawrence Leach settled in Salem in 1628; Margaret Leach settled in Boston in 1635; Rebecca Leach settled in Virginia in 1639.