Layster History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The history of the Layster family goes back to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It is derived from the family living in Leicester, in Leicestershire. Leicester is the capital of the county and its name is derived from the Old English element ceaster, which meant "Roman town." 
Early Origins of the Layster family
The surname Layster was first found in Cheshire at Leycester, more commonly known as Leicester, a city now in the unitary authority area in the East Midlands. The first record of the place name was found in the early 10th century as "Ligera ceater" but by the Domesday Book of 1086 the place name had evolved to Ledecestre. 
Literally the place name means "Roman town of the people called Ligore," having derived from the Tribal name + the Old English word "ceater."  As far as the surname is concerned, the family are "descended from Sir Nicholas Leycester, who acquired the manor of Nether-Tabley in marriage, and died in 1295." 
But another source notes that Hugo de Legrecestra was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Leicestershire in 1130, followed by Nicholas de Leycester who was listed in the Assize Rolls for Cheshire in 1287. 
And another source notes that the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list what is probably the first instance of the name as Robert de Lestre. 
Yorkshire was home to an early branch of the family: Richard de Laycestre in 1305; Henry Lycester in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls in 1381; William Leycetter in 1480; and Henry Lasisture in 1503. 
Early History of the Layster family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Layster research. Another 133 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1586, 1604, 1605, 1620, 1614, 1678, 1588, 1647, 1642, 1678, 1643, 1684, 1674, 1742, 1715, 1727, 1705, 1706, 1762, 1827, 1762, 1732 and 1770 are included under the topic Early Layster History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Layster Spelling Variations
Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Layster include Leycester, Leicester, Leister, Lester and others.
Early Notables of the Layster family (pre 1700)
Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir Peter Leycester (Leicester), 1st Baronet (1614-1678), an English antiquarian and historian, supporter of the Royalist side in the Civil War. He was born at Nether Tabley, near Knutsford, Cheshire, England, the eldest son of Peter Leycester (1588-1647) and Elizabeth Mainwaring. In 1642 he married Elizabeth Gerard, the third daughter of Gilbert, 2nd Baron Gerard. They had three sons and three daughters. He died at his home in 1678 and was buried at Great Budworth, Cheshire.
He was succeeded in the baronetage by...
Migration of the Layster family to Ireland
Some of the Layster family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Migration of the Layster family
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Layster or a variant listed above: John Leicester, who settled in Virginia in 1732; Peter Leicester settled in Pennsylvania in 1682; James Lester settled in Virginia in 1637; George Lester settled in Charles Town, South Carolina, in 1767.
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Pro rege et patria
Motto Translation: For King and country.