Langdum History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The name Langdum first arose amongst the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It is derived from their having lived in the villages of Langdon or Longdon which had several locations around England. This place-name literally refers to an area that was known for a long hill.  
East Langdon and West Landgon in Kent are the oldest parishes bearing this name. They collectively date back to Saxon times when they were known as Langandune in 861; the parish of Langdon Hills is Essex, named Langenduna in the Domesday Book of 1086 follows.  By 1291, East and West Landgon were known as Estlangedoun and Westlangedone. 
Early Origins of the Langdum family
The surname Langdum was first found in Worcestershire where Aelfward aet Langadune was registered as an Old English Byname c. 1050. Later, Chetelburn de Lonedun was found in Warwickshire and Maurice de Landedun was listed in the Feet of Fines for Kent in 1201. In Staffordshire, Reginald de Langedon was registered there in the Assize Rolls of 1221 as was Alan de Longedon in Salop (Shropshire.) 
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 included entries for: Bartholomew de Langedon, Essex; Cecil de Langedon, Kent; and William de Langedone, Essex. 
In Somerset, John de Langedone was registered there 1 Edward III (during the first year of the reign of King Edward III.) 
Some of the family were found in Cornwall where "the manor of Grimscott, [in the parish of Launcells] which is now divided into small tenements, was formerly the property of the Langdons." 
Early History of the Langdum family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Langdum research. Another 125 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1275, 1587, 1791, 1434, 1398, 1400, 1478, 1741, 1819, 1660, 1739 and 1805 are included under the topic Early Langdum History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Langdum Spelling Variations
One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations under which the name Langdum has appeared include Langdon, Landon, Langdown, Langsdown and others.
Early Notables of the Langdum family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include John Langdon (d. 1434), Bishop of Rochester, a native of Kent, and perhaps of Langdon, who was admitted a monk of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1398. Afterwards he studied at Oxford, and graduated B.D. in 1400; according to his epitaph he was D.D. He is said to have belonged to Gloucester Hall, now Worcester College. According to another account he was warden of Canterbury College, which was connected with his monastery; but this may be an error...
Migration of the Langdum family
At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Langdum arrived in North America very early: Thomas Landon who settled in Maryland in 1775; John Langdon settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1765; Kathleen Langdon settled in Virginia in 1705; Margaret and Thomas Langdon settled in Boston in 1820.