The surname Kirkhaugh is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Habitation names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local
names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. The name Kirkhaugh translates as church, and indicates that the original bearer of the name lived in a village with a prominent church.
Early Origins of the Kirkhaugh family
The surname Kirkhaugh was first found in Cumberland
, where they held a family seat
from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy
, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.
Early History of the Kirkhaugh family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kirkhaugh research.Another 370 words (26 lines of text) covering the years 1258, 1600, 1590, 1597, 1553, 1613, 1644, 1692, 1638, 1638, 1646, 1691, 1681, 1683, 1641, 1692, 1646, 1691, 1650, 1706 and are included under the topic Early Kirkhaugh History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Kirkhaugh Spelling Variations
of this family name include: Kirk, Kirkhoe, Kirkaugh, Kirko, Kirkoe and others.
Early Notables of the Kirkhaugh family (pre 1700)
Notable among the family at this time was Edward Kirke (1553-1613), English poet ans scholar, a close friend of the poet Spenser; Robert Kirk (1644-1692), a Scottish minister, Gaelic scholar and folklorist from Aberfoyle, Stirling
, best known for his "The Secret Commonwealth," a treatise on fairy folklore, witchcraft and ghosts; John... Another 75 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Kirkhaugh Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Kirkhaugh family to Ireland
Some of the Kirkhaugh family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 111 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Kirkhaugh family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: Christopher and Judith Kirk settled in Virginia in 1635; Grafton Kirk settled in Maryland in 1738; John Kirk settled in New England
in 1698; James Kirke settled in Virginia in 1656.
The Kirkhaugh Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Optimum quod primum
Motto Translation: That is best that is first.