Among the all the peoples of ancient Scotland
, the first to use the name Kirkelend were the Strathclyde- Britons
. It was a name for someone who lived in Cumberland
, at Kirkland or in Lancashire
at Kirkland. Both place names have essentially the same origin: "estate belonging to a church" having been derived from the Viking word "kirkja" + "land." Kirkland in Cumberland
(Cumbria) was first recorded as Kyrkeland c. 1140. CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
Early Origins of the Kirkelend family
The surname Kirkelend was first found in Cumberland
, at Kirkland, a township, in the parish and union of Garstang, hundred
of Amounderness as Homines de Kyrkelaund, recorded there during the reign of Edward I
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Later the parish of Kirkland in Lancashire
was another family seat
. "After the lapse of a century, it belonged to William de Kirkland, whose name was derived from his residence, and who died in 1363." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
As one would expect having a close proximity to Scotland
, Johannes filius
John de Kyrkeland held land in the territory of Gordon, c. 1280 and later William de Kyrkland was burgess of Glasgow, 1424. Again in Glasgow, listed there was Alan de Kyrklande (1463) and John de Kirkland (1471.) CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
Early History of the Kirkelend family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kirkelend research.Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1280, 1585, 1586, 1790 and are included under the topic Early Kirkelend History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Kirkelend Spelling Variations
The variation in the spelling of Medieval names is a result of the lack of spelling rules in the English language prior to the last few hundred years. Before that time, scribes spelled according to sound, often varying the spelling of name within a single document. Kirkelend has appeared as Kirkland, Kirkeland, Kirtland and others.
Early Notables of the Kirkelend family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Kirkelend Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Kirkelend family to Ireland
Some of the Kirkelend family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 87 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Kirkelend family to the New World and Oceana
As the persecution of Clan
families continued, they sailed for North America in increasing numbers. In most cases, they found the freedom and opportunity they sought. Land was often available and the American War of Independence
allowed Scots an opportunity to solidify their independence from the English crown. These settlers and their ancestors went on to play essential roles in the forging of the nations of the United States and Canada. Among them: Phillips and Nathaniel Kirkland settled in Lynn Massachusetts in 1635; John Kirkland settled in New Jersey in 1685; Charles and George Kirkland both arrived in Philadelphia in 1813 and 1832 respectively..
The Kirkelend Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Facta non verba
Motto Translation: Deeds not words.