The ancient roots of the Kinnerlay family name are in the Anglo-Saxon
culture. The name Kinnerlay comes from when the family lived in Kinnersley or Kinnerley. Kinnerley is found in Salop (now called Shropshire), and Kinnersley is found in Herefordshire
. The place-names come from a similar root, though. They are both based upon the Old English personal name
Cynheard, with the Old English word leah,
which meant forest clearing, as a suffix. The place-name as a whole meant forest clearing belonging to Cynheard.
Early Origins of the Kinnerlay family
The surname Kinnerlay was first found in Herefordshire
where, according to an ancient manuscript the family is possessed of a very ancient pedigree. The manuscript reads: "The family of the Kynnersley is very ancient, being seated long before the Norman Conquest
(1066 A.D) in the commune of Hereford in a castle so called at present. In the Domesday Book
it is recorded that when William the Conqueror was possessed of his new kingdom he sent his commissioners throughout ye remote parts thereof (1086,) to knowe how every man held his lands. In which tyme there was an ould gentleman that lived and was owner of Kynnardsley Castle in Hereford by name John de Kynnardsley, and by title a knight (if any knights were before the Conquest). This old gentleman was blind, he had then livving with him twelve sonnes(sons,) whom with himself he armed, and stood in his castle gate, his halberd in his hand, attending the coming of sheriffs and other commisioners from ye king, who being arrived, demanded of him by what tenure he held his castle and lands; ye old knight replyed by his armes, showing to them his halberd."
Early History of the Kinnerlay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kinnerlay research.Another 323 words (23 lines of text) covering the years 1130 and 1654 are included under the topic Early Kinnerlay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Kinnerlay Spelling Variations
One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations
under which the name Kinnerlay has appeared include Keynardsley, Kennersley, Kenersley, Kynnardsley, Kinnardsley, Kinnersley, Kynnersley, Kynersley, Kynersly, Kynnersly, Kinnersly, Kinersly, Kinnersley and many more.
Early Notables of the Kinnerlay family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Kinnerlay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Kinnerlay family to the New World and Oceana
At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England
was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England
at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Kinnerlay arrived in North America very early: Phillip Kennersley who settled in Virginia in 1635.
The Kinnerlay Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Nec opprimere nec opprimi
Motto Translation: Neither to oppress nor to be oppressed.