name Kinnardsly comes from the family having resided in Kinnersley or Kinnerley. Kinnerley is found in Salop (now called Shropshire), and Kinnersley is found in Herefordshire
. The place-names come from a similar root, though. They are both based upon the Old English personal name
Cynheard, with the Old English word leah,
which meant forest clearing, as a suffix. The place-name as a whole meant forest clearing belonging to Cynheard.
Early Origins of the Kinnardsly family
The surname Kinnardsly was first found in Herefordshire
where, according to an ancient manuscript the family is possessed of a very ancient pedigree. The manuscript reads: "The family of the Kynnersley is very ancient, being seated long before the Norman Conquest
(1066 A.D) in the commune of Hereford in a castle so called at present. In the Domesday Book
it is recorded that when William the Conqueror was possessed of his new kingdom he sent his commissioners throughout ye remote parts thereof (1086,) to knowe how every man held his lands. In which tyme there was an ould gentleman that lived and was owner of Kynnardsley Castle in Hereford by name John de Kynnardsley, and by title a knight (if any knights were before the Conquest). This old gentleman was blind, he had then livving with him twelve sonnes(sons,) whom with himself he armed, and stood in his castle gate, his halberd in his hand, attending the coming of sheriffs and other commisioners from ye king, who being arrived, demanded of him by what tenure he held his castle and lands; ye old knight replyed by his armes, showing to them his halberd."
Early History of the Kinnardsly family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kinnardsly research.Another 323 words (23 lines of text) covering the years 1130 and 1654 are included under the topic Early Kinnardsly History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Kinnardsly Spelling Variations
Kinnardsly has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred
years, spelling variations
in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Spelling variants included: Keynardsley, Kennersley, Kenersley, Kynnardsley, Kinnardsley, Kinnersley, Kynnersley, Kynersley, Kynersly, Kynnersly, Kinnersly, Kinersly, Kinnersley and many more.
Early Notables of the Kinnardsly family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Kinnardsly Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Kinnardsly family to the New World and Oceana
In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England
, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Kinnardslys to arrive on North American shores: Phillip Kennersley who settled in Virginia in 1635.
The Kinnardsly Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Nec opprimere nec opprimi
Motto Translation: Neither to oppress nor to be oppressed.