Johnson History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Johnson is a name of ancient Norman origin. It arrived in England with the Norman Conquest of 1066. Johnson is a name that comes from the given name John and the name literally means "son of John." The given name John is derived from the Hebrew name Johanan, which means Jehovah has favored. The name was extremely popular in the Middle Ages as a result of the numerous connections between the name John and the Christian Church.

Early Origins of the Johnson family

The surname Johnson was first found in Lincolnshire, where many of the ancient and leading houses of the family name claim descent originally from the house of FitzJohn in Normandy, particularly that of one of the leading branches and oldest, the Johnsons of Ayscough-Fee. [1]

Later, the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 list many of the name: Willelmus Joneson; Willelmus Johnson, 1379; Robertus Johanson; Juliana Jonesson; Ricardus Joneson; and Robertas Jonson. [2]

Early History of the Johnson family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Johnson research. Another 82 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1375, 1503, 1572, 1637, 1629, 1675, 1644, 1713, 1680, 1689, 1659, 1719, 1689, 1719, 1688, 1775, 1682, 1735, 1717, 1719, 1797 and are included under the topic Early Johnson History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Johnson Spelling Variations

Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Johnson, Joneson, Jonson, Joynson and others.

Early Notables of the Johnson family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Benjamin Jonson (1572-1637), an English playwright, poet, actor, and literary critic; Daniel Johnson (1629-1675), an English buccaneer born in Bristol, who sailed against the Spanish during the late 17th century becoming known among the Spanish as "Johnson the Terror"; Sir Nathaniel Johnson (1644-1713), an English soldier and a Member of Parliament for Newcastle-upon-Tyne (1680-1689); Sir Henry Johnson...
Another 64 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Johnson Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Johnson World Ranking

In the United States, the name Johnson is the 2nd most popular surname with an estimated 2,014,470 people with that name. [3] However, in Canada, the name Johnson is ranked the 9th most popular surname with an estimated 79,492 people with that name. [4] And in Quebec, Canada, the name Johnson is the 493rd popular surname. [5] Newfoundland, Canada ranks Johnson as 80th with 352 people. [6] France ranks Johnson as 4,983rd with 1,500 - 2,000 people. [7] Australia ranks Johnson as 8th with 67,462 people. [8] New Zealand ranks Johnson as 19th with 6,145 people. [9] The United Kingdom ranks Johnson as 10th with 151,464 people. [10] South Africa ranks Johnson as 166th with 37,484 people. [11]

Ireland Migration of the Johnson family to Ireland

Some of the Johnson family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 76 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Johnson migration to the United States +

For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Johnson or a variant listed above were:

Johnson Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Davy Johnson, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1630 [12]
  • Choyce Johnson, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [12]
  • Edmond Johnson, aged 23, who landed in New England in 1635 [12]
  • Eliz Johnson, aged 18, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [12]
  • Mr. Henrie Johnson, (b. 1608), aged 27, British settler traveling aboard the ship "Constance" arriving in Virginia in 1635 [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Johnson Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Catherine Johnson, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [12]
  • Arthur Johnson, who arrived in Virginia in 1713 [12]
  • Anne Johnson, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [12]
  • Adam Johnson, who landed in New England in 1738 [12]
  • Abraham Johnson, who landed in New England in 1760 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Johnson Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Bryan Johnson, aged 25, who arrived in New York in 1812 [12]
  • Archibald Johnson, aged 21, who arrived in Maryland in 1813 [12]
  • Deborah Johnson, who landed in Massachusetts in 1813 [12]
  • Michael Johnson, who was living in New York in 1818
  • Ellen Johnson, aged 40, who landed in America in 1822 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Johnson Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Christ Johnson, who arrived in New York, NY in 1905 [12]
  • Alfred Johnson, who arrived in Wisconsin in 1914 [12]
  • Arnold Johnson, who landed in Wisconsin in 1917 [12]

Canada Johnson migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Johnson Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
Johnson Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • James Johnson, who was living in Lower Island Cove, Newfoundland in 1768 [14]
  • Mr. John Johnson U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 465 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York [15]
  • Mr. Jonas Johnson U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [15]
  • Mr. George Johnson U.E. who settled in Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1784 member of the Port Matoon Association [15]
  • Mr. Henry Johnson U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [15]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Johnson Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Bridget Johnson, who arrived in Quebec in 1825
  • Joseph Johnson, aged 22, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • Mr. James Johnson, aged 6 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Sir Henry Pottinger" departing from the port of Belfast, Ireland but died on Grosse Isle on 1st October 1847 [16]
  • Mr. James Johnson, aged 40 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Lady Gordon" departing from the port of Belfast, Ireland but died on Grosse Isle on 28th June 1847 [16]
  • Mr. Joseph Johnson, aged 2 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Superior" departing from the port of Londonderrry, Ireland but died on Grosse Isle In September 1847 [16]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Johnson migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Johnson Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Miss Mary Johnson, (b. 1772), aged 26, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years for larceny, transported aboard the "Britannia III" on 18th July 1798, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, she died in 1852 [17]
  • Miss Sarah Johnson, (b. 1783), aged 15, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Britannia III" on 18th July 1798, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, she died in 1840 [17]
Johnson Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Miss Alice Johnson, British Convict who was convicted in Lancaster, Lancashire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [18]
  • Mr. John Johnson, (b. 1783), aged 17, British Convict who was convicted in Leicester, Leicestershire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1803 [18]
  • Mr. Robert Johnson, British Convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [18]
  • Mr. James Johnson, British convict who was convicted in Essex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Calcutta" in February 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [19]
  • Mr. John Johnson, (Lawrence, Clement), British convict who was convicted in Surrey, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Calcutta" in February 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [19]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Johnson migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Johnson Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • James Johnson, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1836 aboard the ship Success
  • William Johnson, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1836
  • Thomas Johnson, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
  • Dav Johnson, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Bengal Merchant
  • Edward Johnson, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Martha Ridgway
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Johnson migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [20]
Johnson Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Mr. Abram Johnson, (b. 1607), aged 27, British settler travelling from London, UK arriving in St Christopher (St. Kitts) on 5th January 1634 [12]
  • Mr. John Johnson, (b. 1616), aged 18, British settler travelling from Gravesend, UK aboard the ship "Hopewell" arriving in Barbados on 17th February 1634 [12]
  • Mr. John Johnson, (b. 1612), aged 23, British settler travelling aboard the ship "The Dorset" arriving in Barbados in September 1635 [21]
  • Benjamin Johnson, who immigrated to Barbados in 1660

Contemporary Notables of the name Johnson (post 1700) +

  • John Harold Johnson (1918-2005), American businessman, publisher, founder of the Johnson Publishing Company, the first African American to appear on the Forbes 400, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Frank Minis Johnson Jr. (1918-1999), American Federal judge and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson (b. 1964), British politician serving as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party since July 2019
  • Katherine Coleman Goble Johnson (1918-2020), American mathematician, known for her calculations of orbital mechanics at NASA, awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2015 and the Congressional Gold Medal in 2019, inspiration for the film Hidden Figures
  • President Andrew Johnson (1808-1875), 17th President of the United States (1865 to 1869), succeeding to the Presidency upon the assassination of Abraham Lincoln
  • Jerry Michael Johnson (1943-2021), American Major League Baseball pitcher with the Philadelphia Phillies, St. Louis Cardinals, San Francisco Giants, Cleveland Indians, Houston Astros, San Diego Padres, and Toronto Blue Jays. (1968-1977)
  • Emani Johnson (1998-2021), better known as Emani 22, an American R&B singer from Lancaster, California
  • Charles "Charlie" Johnson (1952-2021), American professional football player who played nine seasons in the National Football League including in Super Bowl XV for the Philadelphia Eagles
  • James Price Johnson (1894-1955), American pianist and composer
  • Herbert Loren "Herb" Johnson (1928-2021), former American football halfback who played for the New York Giants in 1954
  • ... (Another 148 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Ravon Leroy Johnson (b. 1957), American Staff Sergeant from Eaton, North Carolina, USA who died in the crash [22]
  • Mr. Jerrin Andrea Johnson (b. 1964), American Private from Fayetteville, North Carolina, USA who died in the crash [22]
Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. James Johnson, British Cook from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [23]
  • Mr. Harold Johnson, British Cook from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [23]
  • Mrs. Johannah Catherine Johnson (1853-1914), née Jorgensen Swedish Third Class Passenger from Malmö, Sweden who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [23]
  • Mr. James Johnson (1850-1914), Swedish Third Class Passenger from Malmö, Sweden who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [23]
  • Miss Alida Johnson, Swedish Third Class Passenger from Gothenburg, Sweden who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [23]
  • ... (Another 7 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Flight TWA 800
  • Mr. Leonard James Johnson (1943-1996), from Springfield, Virginia, USA, American mechanical engineer flying aboard flight TWA 800 from J.F.K. Airport, New York to Leonardo da Vinci Airport, Rome when the plane crashed after takeoff ; he died in the crash [24]
  • Mrs. Eleanor Ann Johnson (1946-1996), from Springfield, Virginia, USA, American passenger flying aboard flight TWA 800 from J.F.K. Airport, New York to Leonardo da Vinci Airport, Rome when the plane crashed after takeoff ; she died in the crash [24]
Frank Rock Slide
  • Mr. Johnson, Canadian from Calgary brother to Mr. Johnson who was buried in the Frank Rock Slide on 29th April 1903 [25]
  • Mr. Johnson, Canadian from Calgary brother to Mr. Johnson who was buried in the Frank Rock Slide on 29th April 1903 [25]
  • Mr. Lester Johnson (b. 1889), Canadian resident of Frank, Alberta who survived the Frank Rock Slide on 29th April 1903 [25]
Halifax Explosion
  • Miss Christina  Johnson (1911-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [26]
  • Mr. Edward John  Johnson (1861-1917), Canadian Stock porter at ICR Yards Richmond from Bear Cove, Halifax County, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [26]
  • Mrs. Eliza Jane  Johnson, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who survived the explosion but later died due to injuries [26]
  • Mr. Daniel  Johnson (1869-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [26]
  • Mr. Reuben James  Johnson (1869-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [26]
  • ... (Another 11 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hillcrest Coal Mine
  • Mr. William Johnson (1896-1914), Canadian Pumpman from Massachusetts, United States who worked in the Hillcrest Coal Mine, Alberta, Canada and died in the mine collapse [27]
  • Mr. Karl Johnson (1881-1914), Swedish Miner from Rytterne, Vastmanlands, Sweden who worked in the Hillcrest Coal Mine, Alberta, Canada and died in the mine collapse [27]
  • Mr. Fred Johnson (1892-1914), Canadian Miner from Nova Scotia, Canada who worked in the Hillcrest Coal Mine, Alberta, Canada and died in the mine collapse [27]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Percy Albert Johnson (1919-1941), Australian Stoker 2nd Class from Launceston, Tasmania, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [28]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. William St C Johnson (b. 1910), English Stoker Petty Officer serving for the Royal Navy from Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [29]
  • Mr. William F Johnson (b. 1916), English Petty Officer serving for the Royal Navy from Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [29]
  • Mr. Stanley F Johnson (b. 1918), English Leading Writer serving for the Royal Navy from Camberwell, London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [29]
  • Mr. Ralph Johnson (b. 1918), English Stoker 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [29]
  • Mr. Frederick Johnson (b. 1912), English Leading Cook serving for the Royal Navy from Southport, Lancashire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [29]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. William Johnson, British Engine Room Artificer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [30]
  • Mr. Walter Johnson, British Stoker 2nd Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [30]
  • Mr. Robert Johnson, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [30]
  • Mr. Richard J Johnson, British Able Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [30]
  • Mr. Joseph Thomas Johnson, British Boy 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [30]
  • ... (Another 1 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. James B Johnson, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [31]
  • Mr. Ernest Johnson (b. 1912), English Stoker 2ne Class from Sunderland, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [31]
  • Mr. Harry Johnson (b. 1918), English Stoker 1st Class from Wheelock Heath, Cheshire, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [31]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Thomas Morley Johnson (d. 1939), British Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [32]
  • Frederick William Peter Johnson (d. 1939), British Stoker 2nd Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [32]
Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)
  • Beth Ann Johnson (1967-1988), American Student from Greensburg, Pennsylvania, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [33]
  • Timothy Baron Johnson (1967-1988), American Student from Neptune, New Jersey, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [33]
  • Mary Alice Lincoln Johnson (1963-1988), American Student from Wayland, Massachusetts, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [33]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Herbert K. Johnson, English 3rd Class passenger from England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [34]
  • Mr. John Johnson, English 3rd Class passenger from England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [34]
  • Mr. Albert E. Johnson, Canadian 3rd Class passenger from Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [34]
RMS Titanic
  • Master Harold Theodor Johnson, aged 4, American Third Class passenger from St. Charles, Illinois who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived in the sinking in life boat 15 [35]
  • Miss Eleanor Ileen Johnson, aged 1, American Third Class passenger from St. Charles, Illinois who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived in the sinking in life boat 15 [35]
  • Mr. Malkolm Joackim Johnson (d. 1912), aged 33, American Third Class passenger from Minneapolis, Minnesota who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett [35]
  • Mr. William Cahoone Johnson Jr. (d. 1912), aged 19, American Third Class passenger from Hawthorne, New Jersey who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [35]
  • Mr. Alfred Johnson (d. 1912), aged 49, English Third Class passenger from Millwood who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [35]
  • ... (Another 1 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Neil F. Johnson, American Coxswain working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [36]
  • Mr. Donald R. Johnson, American Seaman First Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [36]
  • Mr. Edmund Russell Johnson, American Machinist's Mate First Class from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [36]
  • Mr. John Russell Johnson, American Radioman Third Class from Massachusetts, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [36]
  • Mr. Samuel Earle Johnson, American Commander, Medical Corps from Alabama, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [36]
  • ... (Another 2 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Winter Quarters coal mine
  • Mr. Christian Johnson (b. 1845), Danish mine worker from Holbaek residing in Salt Lake, Utah who worked in the Winter Quarters coal mine on 1st May 1900, when 10 of the 25lb kegs of black powder exploded; he died in the explosion [37]
  • Mr. John Johnson, Finnish mine worker residing in Scofield, Utah who worked in the Winter Quarters coal mine on 1st May 1900, when 10 of the 25lb kegs of black powder exploded; he died in the explosion [37]
  • Mr. John Johnson, American mine worker from Scofield, Utah who worked in the Winter Quarters coal mine on 1st May 1900, when 10 of the 25lb kegs of black powder exploded; he died in the explosion [37]


Suggested Readings for the name Johnson +

  • The Johnson Family by Ruby Wiedman.
  • Some Johnsons of Southern Maryland by Leona A. Cryer.
  • Those Handy Nordics by Ethel Marie Johnson Taylor.
  • The Descendants of William and John Johnson..

  1. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  4. ^ https://forebears.io/surnames/
  5. ^ https://statistique.quebec.ca/fr/document/noms-de-famille-au-quebec/tableau/les-1-000-premiers-noms-de-famille-selon-le-rang-quebec
  6. ^ The order of Common Surnames in 1955 in Newfoundland retrieved on 20th October 2021 (retrieved from Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary corrected edition ISBN 0-7735-1782-0)
  7. ^ http://www.journaldesfemmes.com/nom-de-famille/nom/
  8. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  9. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  10. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  11. ^ https://forebears.io/south-africa/surnames
  12. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  13. ^ Pilgrim Ship's of 1600's (Retrieved October 5th 2021, retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  14. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  15. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  16. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 35)
  17. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 30th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/Britannia
  18. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 13th August 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/earl-cornwallis
  19. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/calcutta
  20. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  21. ^ Pilgrim Ship Lists Early 1600's retrieved 29th September 2021. (Retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  22. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  23. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  24. ^ The Washington Post Passenger List TWA Flight 800. (Retrieved 2018, February 15th). Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/twa800/list01.htm
  25. ^ Calgary Herald news article retrieved 11th August 2021. (Retrieved from https://smartcdn.prod.postmedia.digital/calgaryherald/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/Calgary_Herald_Thu__Apr_30__1903_-copy-scaled.jpg).
  26. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  27. ^ List Of Miners - Hillcrest Mine Disaster Data. (Retrieved 2014, June 24) . Retrieved from http://www.hillcrestminedisaster.com/data/index.php?title=List_Of_Miners
  28. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  29. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  30. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  31. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  32. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  33. ^ Pan Am Flight 103's victims: A list of those killed 25 years ago | syracuse.com. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/pan_am_flight_103s_victims_a_list_of_those_killed_25_years_ago.html
  34. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  35. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  36. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
  37. ^ Miners killed in Winter Quarters (retrieved 28th July 2021). Retrieved from http://www.carbon-utgenweb.com/miners.html


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