Jenkyn History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The Jenkyn surname is derived from the Middle English given name Jenkin, which was in turn created from a diminutive of the name John, with the suffix "kin," added to the name. Generally, the Jenkin variant of this name came from the Devon-Cornwall region.
Early Origins of the Jenkyn family
The surname Jenkyn was first found in Sussex where Richard Janekyn was recorded in the Subsidy Rolls for Sussex in 1296. Other early records of the name include Richard Jenkins, listed in the Somerset Subsidy Rolls in 1327, William Jonkyn, recorded in the "Calendar of Inquisitiones post mortem" in 1297, Alicia Jonkyn, listed in the Poll Tax of Yorkshire in 1379, well as William Jankins, recorded in the Subsidy Rolls of Worcestershire in 1327. 
Early records in the parish of St. Columb, Cornwall note "Higher Trekyninge in the reign of Edward III. appears to have been in a divided state, between the Arundells and Hamleys. It was afterwards for several generations in the family of Jenkin, whose co-heiresses married St. Aubyn, Slanning, Carey, and Trelawney. It is now the property of Richard Rawe, Esq. The site on which the ancient mansion house stood, is supposed by Mr. Whitaker, from its name and concomitant circumstances, to have been the residence of an ancient Cornish king." 
Early History of the Jenkyn family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Jenkyn research. Another 173 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1601, 1602, 1565, 1584, 1607, 1689, 1731, 1739, 1598, 1678, 1613, 1685, 1681, 1672, 1675, 1676, 1677, 1680, 1681 and are included under the topic Early Jenkyn History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Jenkyn Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Jenkins, Jenkin, Jankins, Jenkynn, Jenkynns, Jenkyns, Jinkines, Jinkins, Jenkens, Junkin, Junkins, Jenkings and many more.
Early Notables of the Jenkyn family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Jenkins (1598-1678), an English composer born in Maidstone, Kent, who served as a musician to the Royal and noble families and composed many pieces for strings. 
William Jenkyn (1613-1685), was an...
Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Jenkyn Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Jenkyn family to Ireland
Some of the Jenkyn family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Jenkyn migration to the United States +
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Jenkyn or a variant listed above were:
Jenkyn Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Mr. Richard J. Jenkyn, (b. 1868), aged 31, Cornish farmer travelling aboard the ship "St Louis" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 7th October 1899 en route to Crystal Falls, Michigan, USA 
Jenkyn Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Mr. Stephen C. Jenkyn, (b. 1879), aged 24, Cornish miner travelling aboard the ship "New York" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 3rd May 1903 en route to Calumet, Michigan, USA 
- Mr. Richard J. Jenkyn, (b. 1869), aged 36, Cornish carpenter from Penzance, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Etruria" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 30th January 1905 en route to Bisbee, Arizona, USA 
Jenkyn migration to Australia +
Emigration to Australia
followed the First Fleets
of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:
Jenkyn Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Thomas Jenkyn, aged 22, a miner, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "William Prowse" 
- Mrs. Jane Jenkyn, (b. 1834), aged 31, Cornish nursemaid, from Gwinear, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Hornet" arriving in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on 25th January 1865 
- Miss Mary Jenkyn, (b. 1855), aged 10, Cornish settler, from Gwinear, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Hornet" arriving in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on 25th January 1865 
- Miss Tabetha Jenkyn, (b. 1861), aged 4, Cornish settler, from Gwinear, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Hornet" arriving in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on 25th January 1865 
- Mr. Enock Jenkyn, (b. 1842), aged 35, Cornish miner travelling aboard the ship "Commonwealth" arriving in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on 22nd June 1877 
Jenkyn migration to New Zealand +
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Jenkyn Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- E. Jenkyn, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wild Duck" in 1869
Related Stories +
The Jenkyn Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Perge sed caute
Motto Translation: Advance but cautiously .
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
- ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_ellis_island_1892_on.pdf
- ^ South Australian Register Monday 21st August 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) William Prowse 1856. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/williamprowse1854.shtml
- ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 19). Emigrants to Australia NSW 1860 -88 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/nsw_passenger_lists_1860_88.pdf