Jenkin History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Jenkin surname is derived from the Middle English given name Jenkin, which was in turn created from a diminutive of the name John, with the suffix "kin," added to the name. Generally, the Jenkin variant of this name came from the Devon- Cornwall region.

Early Origins of the Jenkin family

The surname Jenkin was first found in Sussex where Richard Janekyn was recorded in the Subsidy Rolls for Sussex in 1296. Other early records of the name include Richard Jenkins, listed in the Somerset Subsidy Rolls in 1327, William Jonkyn, recorded in the "Calendar of Inquisitiones post mortem" in 1297, Alicia Jonkyn, listed in the Poll Tax of Yorkshire in 1379, well as William Jankins, recorded in the Subsidy Rolls of Worcestershire in 1327. [1]

Early records in the parish of St. Columb, Cornwall note "Higher Trekyninge in the reign of Edward III. appears to have been in a divided state, between the Arundells and Hamleys. It was afterwards for several generations in the family of Jenkin, whose co-heiresses married St. Aubyn, Slanning, Carey, and Trelawney. It is now the property of Richard Rawe, Esq. The site on which the ancient mansion house stood, is supposed by Mr. Whitaker, from its name and concomitant circumstances, to have been the residence of an ancient Cornish king." [2]

Important Dates for the Jenkin family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Jenkin research. Another 173 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1601, 1602, 1565, 1584, 1607, 1689, 1731, 1739, 1598, 1678, 1613, 1685, 1681, 1672, 1675, 1676, 1677, 1680, 1681 and are included under the topic Early Jenkin History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Jenkin Spelling Variations

A multitude of spelling variations characterize Norman surnames. Many variations occurred because Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England also had a pronounced effect, as did the court languages of Latin and French. Therefore, one person was often referred to by several different spellings in a single lifetime. The various spellings include Jenkins, Jenkin, Jankins, Jenkynn, Jenkynns, Jenkyns, Jinkines, Jinkins, Jenkens, Junkin, Junkins, Jenkings and many more.

Early Notables of the Jenkin family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Jenkins (1598-1678), an English composer born in Maidstone, Kent, who served as a musician to the Royal and noble families and composed many pieces for strings; William Jenkyn (1613-1685)...
Another 38 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Jenkin Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Jenkin family to Ireland

Some of the Jenkin family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Jenkin migration to the United States

Many English families left England, to avoid the chaos of their homeland and migrated to the many British colonies abroad. Although the conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and some travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute, once in the colonies, many of the families prospered and made valuable contributions to the cultures of what would become the United States and Canada. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Jenkin or a variant listed above:

Jenkin Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Oliver Jenkin, who arrived in Virginia in 1619
  • David Jenkin, who landed in Virginia in 1642 [3]
  • John Jenkin, who arrived in Virginia in 1648 [3]
  • Morgan Jenkin, who settled in Nevis in 1654
  • Geo Jenkin, who landed in Virginia in 1663 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Jenkin Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • L Jenkin, who landed in New York, NY in 1803 [3]

Jenkin migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Jenkin Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Vincent Jenkin (b. 1795), aged 23, Cornish settler convicted in Cornwall, UK on 24th March 1818, sentenced for life for stealing money from his employer, transported aboard the ship "Globe" in September 1818 to Australia [4]
  • Mr. Henry Jenkin (b. 1816), aged 17, Cornish settler convicted in Cornwall, UK on 31st July 1833, sentenced for life, transported aboard the ship "Moffatt" on 4th January 1834 to Van Diemen's Land, Tasmania, Australia [5]
  • Mr. Henry Jenkin, (b. 1816), aged 17 born in Helston, Cornwall, UK convicted in Bodmin on 31st July 1833, sentenced for death reduced to life for , transported aboard the ship "Moffatt" in 1834 to Van Diemen's Land, Tasmania, Australia [6]
  • Ms. Prudence Jenkin, (b. 1801), aged 37, Cornish settler convicted in Cornwall, UK on 17th October 1837, sentenced for 14 years for stealing a variety of items from William James of Truro, transported aboard the ship "John Renwick" on 25th April 1838 to New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • Charles Jenkin, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "David Malcolm" in 1848 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Jenkin migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Jenkin Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Jenkin, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Josephine Willis" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 5th February 1855 [8]
  • Mrs. Jenkin, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Josephine Willis" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 5th February 1855 [8]
  • Mr. James Jenkin, (b. 1836), aged 26, Cornish farm labourer departing on 21st October 1862 aboard the ship "Chariot of Fame" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 29th January 1863 [9]
  • Mr. James Jenkin, (b. 1857), aged 5, Cornish settler departing on 21st October 1862 aboard the ship "Chariot of Fame" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 29th January 1863 [9]
  • Mr. John Jenkin, (b. 1861), aged 1, Cornish settler departing on 21st October 1862 aboard the ship "Chariot of Fame" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 29th January 1863, he died on board before arriving [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Jenkin (post 1700)

  • Albert Jenkin (1872-1961), English born, Welsh international rugby player
  • Sir Bernard Christison Jenkin M.P., (b. 1959), British Member of Parliament for Harwich and North East, was appointed a Knight Bachelor on 8th June 2018, for political and public service [10]
  • Charles Patrick Fleeming Jenkin (b. 1926), Baron Jenkin of Roding, British politician
  • Robert Jenkin (b. 1977), British entrepreneur with interests in Bulgaria
  • Richard Jenkin (1925-2002), Cornish language scholar and politician
  • Patrick Jenkin (b. 1926), Baron Jenkin of Roding, British politician
  • Kenneth Hamilton Jenkin (1900-1980), British writer, founder of the Cornish Miner
  • Guy Jenkin, British comedy writer
  • Fleeming Jenkin (1833-1885), British engineer
  • Bernard Jenkin (b. 1959), British politician

Historic Events for the Jenkin family

HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Leonard Mons Jenkin (b. 1915), English Petty Office Stoker from England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [11]
  • Mr. Arthur Richard Jenkin, British Not known, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [11]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Stephen Curnow Jenkin (d. 1912), aged 32, English Second Class passenger from St. Ives, Cornwall who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [12]

Citations

  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_convicts.pdf
  5. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_convicts.pdf
  6. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/tasmanian_convicts_cornish.pdf
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) DAVID MALCOLM - EMIGRANT SHIP - 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848DavidMalcolm.htm
  8. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  9. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Lyttelton 1858-84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  10. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62310, 4 July 2019 | London Gazette, The Gazette, June 2018, https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/62310/supplement/B1
  11. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  12. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
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