Show ContentsJagoe History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The birthplace of the surname Jagoe is Cornwall, a rugged peninsula in southwestern England that is noted for its strong Gaelic traditions. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames were adopted in medieval England is fascinating. Under the Feudal System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Despite the fact that occupational surnames are rare among the Cornish People, they nevertheless sometimes adopted surnames derived from the type of work they did. The surname Jagoe was an occupational name for a the personal name James, which itself is a version of the ancient name Jacob, which means supplanter.

Early Origins of the Jagoe family

The surname Jagoe was first found in Cornwall, where there is some debate of the name's origins. One reference lists that the name was "from the Spanish Iago, which must have crossed over into Cornwall at some early period." [1] While another states "whether it derives from the Celtic-British Iago, and signifies James or from gago or jago, a spear and pledges for battle; however, the name was of ancient use in Britain; for Galfridus Monmuthensis tells us of a king named Jago, before Julius Caesar landed in Britain, that reigned twenty-five years, and is buried at York." [2]

The parish of St. Erme in Cornwall was an early home for the family. "The barton of Innis or Ennis, was at an early period possessed by the Opies, who held it so late as the days of James I. during which period it was sold by them to an ancestor of Samuel Jago, Esq." [3] It is generally thought that the name Jago is Cornish for the name James and in Welsh records as Iago. [4]

Early rolls point to a variety of spellings and entries of both as a forename and surname: Jago filius Ytel listed in the Pipe Rolls of Hertfordshire in 1185; and William Jeago in the Assize Rolls for Shropshire in 1221. [4]

Early History of the Jagoe family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Jagoe research. Another 65 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1221, 1684, 1724, 1723 and 1807 are included under the topic Early Jagoe History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Jagoe Spelling Variations

Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Jago, Jagoe, Jagow, Jeago, Jego, Mac Ego and many more.

Early Notables of the Jagoe family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Jagoe Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Jagoe family to Ireland

Some of the Jagoe family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 48 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

United States Jagoe migration to the United States +

Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Jagoe family to immigrate North America:

Jagoe Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Isabel E. Jagoe, aged 40, who settled in America, in 1893
Jagoe Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Edward Jagoe, aged 64, who settled in America from Cork, Ireland, in 1907
  • Enid Jagoe, aged 27, who landed in America, in 1913
  • Henry Jagoe, aged 56, who immigrated to the United States, in 1913
  • Benhamin B. Jagoe, aged 21, who landed in America, in 1913
  • Thomas Henry Jagoe, aged 30, who immigrated to the United States, in 1923

Contemporary Notables of the name Jagoe (post 1700) +

  • Mary Jagoe, American Democratic Party politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 1928 [5]
  • Alberta Jagoe, American Democratic Party politician, Mayor of Milford, Connecticut, 1981-89 [5]
  • The Right Reverend John Arthur Jagoe CB, CBE, MA, DD (1889-1962), British Chaplain-in-Chief of the Royal Air Force, second Bishop of Bermuda

  1. Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
  4. Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  5. The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 7) . Retrieved from on Facebook