Isaacs History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Isaacs is of Anglo-Saxon origin and came from the baptismal name Isaac. The surname Isaacs referred to the son of Isaac which belongs to the category of patronymic surnames. The name is derived from the Hebrew word "yishaq" meaning "laughter." [1]

The first record of the name in ancient Britain was found in the Domesday Book of 1086 where Isac was listed. [2] "This, as a baptismal name, was introduced about the time of the Conquest. One Isac appears as a chief tenant in Domesday Book." [3]

"Hundreds of English people bear one or other of these surnames in whose veins there flows not a single drop of Jewish blood." [4]

Early Origins of the Isaacs family

The surname Isaacs was first found in the Domesday Book of 1086. From this early entry, the name in both forename and surname forms became widespread with many early spellings. Willelmus (William) filius Ysac was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls for Essex in 1206; Henry Isaac was found in the Subsidy Rolls for Worcester in 1275, and Walter Isak in the Subsidy Rolls for Somerset in 1327. [5] [6]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 included: Robert filius Isaac, Lincolnshire; Isaac Judxus (the Jew), Yorkshire; Johannes Isaak, Norfolk; and John Ysac, Oxfordshire. [4]

In Scotland, "the name was not uncommon among ecclesiastics in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Isaac was prior of Scone from 1154 till 1162, and Magister Isaac was a cleric of St. Andrews, 1201. Ysaac of Brechin was a charter witness there c. 1178-98, and Ysaac de Banevin (Benvie) was one of a jury regarding the Kirketun of Aberbuthenoth, 1205." [7]

Early History of the Isaacs family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Isaacs research. Another 372 words (27 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1300, 1358, 1665, 1653, 1693, 1214, 1242, 1260, 1231, 1358, 1405, 1447, 1203, 1448, 1569, 1662, 1671, 1460, 1581, 1654, 1581, 1626, 1645, 1624, 1698, 1624 and 1617 are included under the topic Early Isaacs History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Isaacs Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Isaacs include Isaacs, Isaac, Isaack, Isaacson, Izacke and others.

Early Notables of the Isaacs family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include John Isaac of Bekesbourne, Sheriff of Kent in 1460. Henry Isaacson (1581-1654), was an English theologian and chronologer, born in the parish of St. Catherine, Coleman Street, London, in September 1581, and was the eldest son of Richard Isaacson. "He appears to have been educated under the care of Bishop Lancelot Andrewes, by whom he was sent to Pembroke Hall...
Another 68 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Isaacs Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Isaacs migration to the United States +

A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants:

Isaacs Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Joseph Isaacs, who landed in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1636 [8]
  • Jacob Isaacs, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1691-1692 [8]
Isaacs Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Abraham Isaacs, who arrived in New York, NY in 1741 [8]
  • David Isaacs, who landed in Virginia in 1791 [8]
Isaacs Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Gabriel Isaacs, who arrived in America in 1811 [8]
  • Morris Isaacs, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [8]
  • J Isaacs, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [8]
  • S Isaacs, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 [8]
  • James Isaacs, aged 28, who arrived in New York in 1854 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Isaacs migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Isaacs Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Jacob Isaacs, British hatter who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 14 years for possession of forged bank notes, transported aboard the "Baring" in April 1815, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1836 [9]
  • John Isaacs, a tailor, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • James Isaacs, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on February 22, 1834, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [10]
  • Mr. Stephen Isaacs, British Convict who was convicted in London, England for 20 years, transported aboard the "Asia" on 25th April 1840, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [11]
  • Michael Isaacs, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Anson" on September 23, 1843, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Isaacs migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Isaacs Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • David Isaacs, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842
  • David Isaacs, aged 21, a shoemaker, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Prince of Wales" in 1842
  • Mr. George Isaacs, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Sir Edward Paget" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 19th December 1850 [13]
  • Mr. Henry Isaacs, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Sir Edward Paget" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 19th December 1850 [13]
  • D. Isaacs, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cashmere" in 1851
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Isaacs (post 1700) +

  • Ike Isaacs (1923-1981), American jazz bassist
  • Stanley Isaacs (1929-2013), American sportswriter and columnist most known for his work with Newsday
  • David Isaacs, American Writers Guild of America Award nominated television and screen writer, and producer
  • Susan Sutherland Isaacs CBE (1885-1948), English educational psychologist and psychoanalyst
  • Rufus Isaacs GCB, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, PC, KC (1860-1935), 1st Marquess of Reading, an English lawyer, jurist and politician
  • Avrom Isaacs CM (1926-2016), born Avrom Isaacovitch, a Canadian art dealer
  • David Isaacs (1946-2009), Jamaican reggae singer
  • Sir Isaac Isaacs (1855-1948), Australian politician, jurist and 9th Governor-General of Australia (1931-1936)
  • Erwin Isaacs (b. 1986), South African footballer
  • George Isaacs (1883-1979), British politician and trades unionist
  • ... (Another 2 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  3. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  5. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  6. ^ Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print.
  7. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  8. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  9. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 16th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/baring
  10. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1834 with 230 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1834
  11. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 17th January 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1840
  12. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Anson voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1843 with 499 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/anson/1843
  13. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html


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