Irving History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

An ancient Strathclyde-Briton family from the Scottish/English Borderlands were the first to use the name Irving. They lived in the parish of Irving in the county of Dumfriesshire or from Irvine in Strathclyde. There are a variety of possible origins of the name and we will explore some of them here. One source claims the name was a "descendant of Erewine (sea friend); or one who came from Irvine (green river), in Ayrshire. " [1] Another postulates the name was from "Mac Heremon, 'Here- mon's Son.' Heremon was the seventh in descent from Milesius, and became monarch of all Ireland. [2] And another believes that Irwin was "the Irish form of Irvine. The singular Christian name Crinus, which prevails in the family of I. of Tanragoe, co. Sligo, is traditionally derived from Krynin Abethnas, the second husband of the mother of Duncan, King of Scotland." [3]

Early Origins of the Irving family

The surname Irving was first found in Ayrshire, at Irvine, a parish, in the district of Cunninghame, about 26 miles (W. S. W.) from Glasgow.

"[Irvine] derives its name from the river on which it is situated, and appears to have attained a high degree of importance at a very early period. The inhabitants obtained from Alexander II. a charter conferring upon the town all the privileges of a royal burgh; and a charter confirming all previous grants was subsequently given to them by Robert Bruce, in recompense of their services during his wars with England in the reign of Edward I." [4]

Alternatively, the name was "from Irving, the name of an old parish in Dumfriesshire, There are many Irvings (or Irvines as most of the Dumfriesshire families spell the name) here." [5]

According to family lore, they descend from Duncan "the first of Eryvine," killed at the battle of Duncrub in 965. As far as records are concerned, the earliest listed was William de Irwin, an armor bearer to King Robert the Bruce. He received a grant of lands encompassing the Forest of Drum, on the banks of the River Irvine. And it was here that he had Drum Castle built which would become the family seat of the Clan for centuries. The river originally was named Lar Avon, or West River.

Robert de Hirvine, ancestor of that previous William was mentioned in a Charter dated 1226 and he was at that time tenant of the Douglas Clan. From 1331-33 the family received further grants of land and by 1400 had become a very predominant family. The Chief of the Irvines lead his Clansmen in the Battle of Harlaw in 1511. Sir Alexander Irvine was slain there, and it was said of him: 'Gude Sir Alexander Irvine, The much renowned Laird of Drum.'

"Washington Irving (1783-1859), the American author, was son of William Irving, a native of Shapinsay, Orkney." [5]

Important Dates for the Irving family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Irving research. Another 279 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1057, 1376, 1324, 1331, 1332, 1411, 1602, 1587, 1323, 1976, 1411, 1752, 1759, 1762, 1763, 1769, 1455, 1638, 1685, 1689 and are included under the topic Early Irving History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Irving Spelling Variations

Before the printing press standardized spelling in the last few hundred years, no general rules existed in the English language. Spelling variations in Scottish names from the Middle Ages are common even within a single document. Irving has been spelled Irwin, Erwin, Irvine, Irving, Urwin, Erwine, Ervin, Erwing, Ervynn, Ervine, Erwynn, Irwing, Irwryn and many more.

Early Notables of the Irving family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family at this time was Adam Irvine, Burgess of Irvine in 1455, doubtless derived his surname from Aberdeenshire. Christopher Irvine ( fl. 1638-1685), was a Scottish physician, philologist, and antiquary, a younger son of Christopher Irvine of Robgill Tower, Annandale, and barrister...
Another 43 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Irving Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Irving family to Ireland

Some of the Irving family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 144 words (10 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Irving migration to the United States

For Scottish immigrants, the great expense of travel to North America did not seem such a problem in those unstable times. Acres of land awaited them and many got the chance to fight for their freedom in the American War of Independence. These Scots and their ancestors went on to play important roles in the forging of the great nations of the United States and Canada. Among them:

Irving Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • John Irving, who arrived in Maryland in 1740 [6]
  • William Irving, who arrived in New York in 1763 [6]
  • Winifred Irving, who arrived in South Carolina in 1773 [6]
Irving Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • John B Irving, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1823 [6]
  • Richard Irving, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1837 [6]
  • Robert Irving, aged 35, who landed in New York, NY in 1849 [6]
  • Joseph B Irving, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [6]
  • Edward Irving, who arrived in Mississippi in 1851 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Irving migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Irving Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • James Irving, aged 52, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Susan" in 1838
  • Molly Irving, aged 48, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Susan" in 1838
  • Mary Irving, aged 23, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Susan" in 1838
  • Margaret Irving, aged 10, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Susan" in 1838
  • Martha Irving, aged 9, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Susan" in 1838
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Irving migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Irving Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Irving, aged 30, a shepherd, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Chatham" [7]
  • James Irving, aged 27, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "China" [8]
  • Mary Irving, aged 30, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "John Bunyan" [9]

Irving migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Irving Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Irving, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1841
  • Mrs. Elizabeth Irving, (b. 1816), aged 43, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Mary Anne" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 4th August 1859 [10]
  • Miss Helen Agnes Irving, (b. 1847), aged 12, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Mary Anne" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 4th August 1859 [10]
  • Miss Georgina Janet Irving, (b. 1849), aged 10, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Mary Anne" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 4th August 1859 [10]
  • Henry H. Irving, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Persia" in 1860
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Irving Settlers in New Zealand in the 20th Century
  • David Irving, aged 23, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "S. S. Waimana" in 1926
  • Laurence Irving, aged 20, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "S. S. Waimana" in 1926
  • Malcolm Irving, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "S. S. Waimana" in 1926
  • Jemima Irving, aged 8, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "S. S. Waimana" in 1926
  • Marion Irving, aged 6, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "S. S. Waimana" in 1926
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Irving (post 1700)

  • Kenneth Colin "K.C." Irving OC, ONB (1899-1992), Canadian industrialist who in 1989 became one of the world's fourteen richest men according to Forbes Magazine
  • Washington Irving (1783-1859), American author, best know for his short stories: "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" and "Rip van Winkle"
  • Blake Irving, American Chief Executive Officer and Board Director of the GoDaddy group of companies
  • Major-General Frederick Augustus Irving (1894-1995), American Superintendent of US Military Academy West Point (1951-1954) [11]
  • James Irving, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County 16th District, 1867-71 [12]
  • Henry J. Irving, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County 7th District, 1857 [12]
  • Helen M. Irving (b. 1931), American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1972, 1980; Member of Democratic National Committee from Michigan, 1973-77 [12]
  • Frederick Irving (b. 1921), American politician, U.S. Ambassador to Iceland, 1972; Jamaica, 1977-78 [12]
  • Emma L. Irving, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from West Virginia, 1924 [12]
  • Don Irving (b. 1898), American Democrat politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Illinois 20th District, 1944, 1946; Chair of Pike County Democratic Party, 1949-65 [12]
  • ... (Another 19 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Irving family

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Laurence Brodribb Irving (1871-1914), English First Class Passenger from London, England, United Kingdom travelling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [13]
  • Mrs. Mabel Irving (1880-1914), née Hackney English First Class Passenger from London, England, United Kingdom travelling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [13]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mrs. Lillian  Irving (1871-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
HMS Dorsetshire
  • Thomas Andrew Irving (d. 1945), British Leading Seaman aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [15]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. James Chalmers Irving, English, Able Seaman from Urmston, Manchester, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [16]

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Citations

  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ Moore, A.W., Manx Names. London: Elliot Stock, 62 Paternoster Row, 1906. Print
  3. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  4. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  5. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CHATHAM 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/chatham1852.shtml.
  8. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CHINA 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/china1852.shtml
  9. ^ South Australian Register Wednesday 24th May 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) John Bunyan 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/johnbunyan1854.shtml
  10. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  11. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, March 30) Frederick Irving. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Irving/Frederick_Augustus/USA.html
  12. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 28) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  13. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  14. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  15. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html
  16. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
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