Show ContentsHyslop History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Hyslop is a name whose history is connected to the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the Hyslop family once lived in a valley noted for having many hazel trees. This name belongs to the class of topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees. The surname Hyslop is derived from the Old English word hæsel and the Old Norse word hesli, which both mean hazel, and from the Old English word hop, which refers to a valley or a hollow between two hills. [1]

Early Origins of the Hyslop family

The surname Hyslop was first found in Oxfordshire at Islip, a parish, and formerly a market-town, in the union of Bicester, hundred of Ploughley. "This place, now an inconsiderable village, is remarkable as the birthplace of Edward the Confessor, whose father, Ethelred II, had a palace here." [2]

Walter de Islip, who died after 1335, was an English-born cleric, statesman and judge. Born at Islip, he rose to become first Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer

His cousin, Simon Islip, who died in 1366, was Archbishop of Canterbury between 1349 and 1366.

In years later, Yorkshire would prove to be a homestead of the family as John Heslop was listed here in 1414. [3]

We must look north to Scotland to find the lion's share of the family history. Here, the name literally meant "hazel-hope." Alexander Heselihope held land in Edinburgh in 1425, and William Heslihope, or Heslyhop, appears as rector and vicar of the church of Cortoquhy (or Cortochquhy) in 1429 and 1439. Stephen de Heslyhope, presbyter and notary public of Glasgow in 1446, appears again in 1455 as Stephen Heslop. Archibald Heslihop, "vtherwais callit Schir Suythe," had remission for reset of outlawed Rutherfurds in 1501. Thomas Heslop, "pensionario preposito ecclesie parochialis de Houston," is in record in 1525 (REG., 497). John Hesilhop was a witness in Glasgow in 1555 (Protocols, I), Hobe Heslop was a tenant of the abbot of Kelso in 1567 (Kelso, p. 520), Williame Hessilhoip, reidare at Stow, 1574 (RMR.), and Alexander Hasillip appears in Carsfern parish in 1684." [4]

At about this time, "Heslop was the name of several proprietors in the Hexham division in the 17th century; the name is still numerous in the Hexham district." [5]

Early History of the Hyslop family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hyslop research. Another 101 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1180, 1366, 1455, 1464, 1480, 1498, 1500, 1503 and 1532 are included under the topic Early Hyslop History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hyslop Spelling Variations

Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Hyslop family name include Heaslip, Hislop, Haslop, Haslip, Heslep, Hyslop and many more.

Early Notables of the Hyslop family

Notables of the family at this time include Simon Islip (d. 1366), Archbishop of Canterbury, who derived his name from the village of Islip on the Cherwell, about six miles north of Oxford, where he was probably born. [6]John Islip (1464-1532) was Abbot of the Monastery of Westminster. He claimed descent from Archbishop Simon Islip and it is commemorated today in John Islip Street, Westminster, London. "John entered the monastery of Westminster about 1480, and showed his administrative capacity in minor offices, till in 1498 he was elected prior, and on 27 Oct. 1500 abbot of Westminster. The first business which...
Another 184 words (13 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hyslop Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hyslop Ranking

In the United States, the name Hyslop is the 17,723rd most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name. [7]

Ireland Migration of the Hyslop family to Ireland

Some of the Hyslop family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

United States Hyslop migration to the United States +

For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, Canada, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Hyslop surname or a spelling variation of the name include:

Hyslop Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • William Hyslop, who landed in New England in 1740 [8]
Hyslop Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Mrs. Hyslop, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 [8]
  • Helen Hyslop, who arrived in New York in 1851 [8]
  • J Hyslop, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 [8]
  • Sam Hyslop, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1855 [8]

New Zealand Hyslop migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hyslop Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Robert Hyslop, Scottish settler travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Robert Henderson" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 3rd September 1860 [9]
  • Mrs. Hyslop, Scottish settler travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Robert Henderson" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 3rd September 1860 [9]
  • Mr. Robert Hyslop, (b. 1858), aged 7 months, Scottish settler travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Robert Henderson" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 3rd September 1860, he died on board 25th June 1859 [9]

Contemporary Notables of the name Hyslop (post 1700) +

  • James Hervey Hyslop (1854-1920), American Professor of logic and ethics at Columbia University, who became a prominent psychical researcher
  • William D. Hyslop, American Republican politician, U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Washington, 1991-93; Delegate to Republican National Convention from Washington, 2004 [10]
  • Wade A. Hyslop Jr., American Democratic Party politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Connecticut, 1996 [10]
  • Robert Hyslop, American Democratic Party politician, Candidate for Presidential Elector for Michigan, 1916 [10]
  • John Hyslop, American politician, Member of Minnesota State House of Representatives 9th District, 1874 [10]
  • James Hyslop (1798-1827), Scottish poet, born at Damhead, parish of Kirkconnel, Dumfriesshire, on 23 July 1798 [11]
  • Tommy Hyslop (b. 1874), Scottish professional footballer
  • Ross Hyslop (b. 1991), Scottish professional football goalkeeper
  • Ricky Hyslop (1915-1998), Canadian violinist, conductor, composer, and arranger
  • Kirk Hyslop (b. 1889), Canadian architect
  • ... (Another 3 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Patrick Hyslop, British Steward, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales (1941) and survived the sinking [12]

  1. Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  5. Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  6. Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  7. "What are the 5,000 Most Common Last Names in the U.S.?".,
  8. Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  9. New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from
  10. The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 22) . Retrieved from
  11. Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 11 August 2020
  12. HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from on Facebook