Hyde History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The history of the Hyde family goes back to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It is derived from the family living at the hide or at the residence close by. Hyde is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Habitation names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties.

Early Origins of the Hyde family

The surname Hyde was first found in Bedfordshire (Old English: Bedanfordscir), located in Southeast-central England. A hide is a feudal portion of land that was measured by the quality of land, not its size. In other words, a hide was so much land as "with its house and toft, right of common, and other appurtenances, was considered to be sufficient for the necessities of a family." [1]

Urmston in Lancashire is a point of interest to the family. "A family of the local name is mentioned as holding lands here as early as the reign of King John. About the time of Henry IV, Raff Hyde married the heiress of Adam Urmston, and thus obtained the estate." [2]

"Here [in Woodford, Wiltshire] was a palace of the bishops of Salisbury, but no traces of it are now visible. Charles II, after the battle of Worcester, was concealed in Heale House, in the parish, at that time the residence of the Hyde family." [2]

Hyde in Cheshire was another ancient family seat. "So early as the reign of John, a part of the manor of Hyde was held by a family of the same name, of which the great Lord Chancellor Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, was a descendant; the remaining portion was acquired by them in the reign of Edward III." [2]

Early History of the Hyde family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hyde research. Another 170 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1609, 1674, 1637, 1671, 1617, 1667, 1638, 1709, 1641, 1711, 1609, 1674, 1631, 1627, 1631, 1595, 1665, 1641, 1711, 1667, 1712, 1712, 1713 and are included under the topic Early Hyde History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hyde Spelling Variations

Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Hyde include Hyde, Hide and others.

Early Notables of the Hyde family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Anne Hyde (1637-1671), Duchess of York and Albany as the first wife of James, Duke of York (later King James II and VII); Frances Hyde, Countess of Clarendon (1617-1667), an English peeress, the mother-in-law of James II of England; Henry Hyde 2nd Earl of Clarendon PC (1638-1709), an English aristocrat and politician; Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester KG PC (1641-1711), an English statesman and writer; Edward...
Another 75 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hyde Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Hyde family to Ireland

Some of the Hyde family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 67 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

United States Hyde migration to the United States +

Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Hyde or a variant listed above:

Hyde Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • William Hyde, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1633 [3]
  • John Hyde, who settled in Boston in 1635
  • Richard Hyde, who arrived in Virginia in 1636 [3]
  • Phillip Hyde, who landed in Virginia in 1642 [3]
  • George Hyde, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1642 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hyde Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Robert Hyde, who landed in Virginia in 1701 [3]
  • Ann Hyde, who arrived in New York in 1711 [3]
  • Carl Hyde, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1748 [3]
  • Fredrich Hyde, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1748 [3]
  • Conradt Hyde, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1794 [3]
Hyde Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James P Hyde, who arrived in America in 1805 [3]
  • Daniel Hyde, aged 47, who landed in Virginia in 1812 [3]
  • Joseph Hyde, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1835 [3]
  • John Hyde, who landed in New York in 1840 [3]
  • Edmond Hyde, who arrived in Ohio in 1840 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Hyde migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hyde Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • J. Hyde, a blacksmith, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Miss Ann Hyde who was convicted in Middlesex, England for life, transported aboard the "Burrell" on 31st December 1831, arriving in New South Wales [4]
  • Ellen Hyde, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Amphitrite" on August 21, 1833, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • Mr. Edward Samways Hyde, English convict who was convicted in Southampton, Hampshire, England for 10 years, transported aboard the "China" on 107th January 1846, arriving in Norfolk Island, Australia [6]
  • Charles Hyde, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Calphurnia" in 1849 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Hyde migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hyde Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • James Hyde, aged 20, a painter, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Clifford" in 1842
  • Mr. Timothy Hyde, British settler arriving as the 1st detachment of Royal New Zealand Fencible Corps travelling from Tilbury, Essex aboard the ship "Ramillies" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 6th August 1847 [8]
  • Mr. Richard Hyde, (b. 1814), aged 45, English agricultural labourer from Hampshire travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Victory " arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 14th May 1859 [8]
  • Mrs. Sophia Hyde, (b. 1829), aged 30, English settler from Hampshire travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Victory " arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 14th May 1859 [8]
  • Miss Emma Hyde, (b. 1843), aged 16, English domestic servant from Hampshire travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Victory " arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 14th May 1859 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Hyde (post 1700) +

  • R. Bruce Hyde (1941-2015), American educator and actor, professor emeritus of communication studies at St. Cloud State University, known for his role as Lt. Kevin Riley in the original Star Trek series
  • Brigadier-General James Francis Clark Hyde (1894-1944), American Commanding General Island Service Command (1943-1944) [9]
  • Walter Lewis Hyde (1919-2003), American physicist, an early contributor to the field of fiber optics
  • Henry John Hyde (1924-2007), American Republican, member of the United States House of Representatives from 1975 to 2006 and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Edward Hyde (1650-1712), American politician, Governor of North Carolina (1711-1712)
  • Brigadier Walter Court Hyde (b. 1892), Brigadier General Staff Pacific Command (1944-1945) [10]
  • Vicki Hyde (b. 1962), New Zealand science writer and editor, and chair-entity of the New Zealand Skeptics
  • Miriam Hyde (1913-2005), Australian composer, pianist, poet and music educator awarded the Order of the British Empire in 1981
  • Robin Hyde (1906-1939), New Zealand poet
  • Doctor Douglas Hyde (1860-1949), Anglo-Irish scholar of the Irish language, first President of Ireland from 1938 to 1945

HMS Dorsetshire
  • Arthur Frederick James Hyde (d. 1945), British Able Seaman aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [11]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Reginald G Hyde, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [12]
HMS Royal Oak
  • George William Hyde (1914-1939), British Leading Stoker with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [13]
  • Alexander James Hyde (1919-1939), British Leading Supply Assistant with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [13]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. William Hughes Hyde, American Coxswain from Missouri, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [14]

The Hyde Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Deus novis haec otio fecit
Motto Translation: God hath given us these things in tranquillity.

  1. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 5th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/burrell
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Amphitrite voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1833 with 99 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/amphitrite/1833
  6. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retrieved 5th February 2021, retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/china)
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The CALPHURNIA 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Calpurnia.htm
  8. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  9. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, March 30) James Hyde. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Hyde/James_Francis_Clark/USA.html
  10. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, September 15) Walter Hyde. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Hyde/Walter_Court/Canada.html
  11. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html
  12. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  13. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  14. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html

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