Hurst History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestors of the Hurst surname lived among the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. The name comes from when they lived close to a wooded region or thicket. Hurst is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Literally, the name was derived from the Saxon word for "a wood, a grove; fruit-bearing tree." [1]

Early Origins of the Hurst family

The surname Hurst was first found in Yorkshire the "surname is derived from a geographical locality. 'At the hurst,' a wood, a thicket. This surname has ramified in the most remarkable manner in the West Riding of Yorkshire." [2]

The earliest record the family was Roger del Hurst who was listed in the Assize Rolls for Lancashire in 1246. [3]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 was one of the first rolls to list early spellings of the name: Iyode Hirst; and Richard de Hirst, both listed in Huntingdonshire. The Writs of Parliament of 1302 listed John atte Hurst. Later, the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed: Willelmus del He'rst; Adam del Hyrst; and Willelmus del Hirst. [2]

Early History of the Hurst family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hurst research. Another 116 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1648, 1769, 1760, 1750, 1751, 1754, 1629, 1690, 1629 and are included under the topic Early Hurst History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hurst Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Hurst include Hurst, Hirst, Herst and others.

Early Notables of the Hurst family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include William Hirst (d. 1769?), English astronomer, the eldest son of William Hirst, D.D. (d. 1760), Master of Hertford free school, Vicar of Bengeo, and Rector of Sacomb, Hertfordshire. He was educated at Peterhouse, Cambridge, where he...
Another 42 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hurst Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Hurst family to Ireland

Some of the Hurst family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 50 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Hurst migration to the United States +

A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants:

Hurst Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Tobias Hurst, who arrived in Virginia in 1618 [4]
  • Gilbert Hurst, who arrived in Virginia in 1649 [4]
  • James Hurst, who arrived in Virginia in 1653 [4]
  • Elizabeth Hurst, who arrived in Maryland in 1660 [4]
  • Richard Hurst, who arrived in Maryland in 1668 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hurst Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • John Hurst, who landed in New England in 1720 [4]
  • Jonathan Hurst, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746 [4]
Hurst Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Akid Hurst, who landed in New York in 1835 [4]
  • Jones C Hurst, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [4]
  • William Hurst, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 [4]
  • Edmond Hurst, who landed in New York in 1852 [4]
  • Anne, Henry, James, John, Joseph, Mary, Robert, Thomas, and William Hurst all, who arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Hurst migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Hurst Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Joseph Hurst, aged 20, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Leslie Gault" in 1833
  • Julia L Hurst, who landed in Esquimalt, British Columbia in 1862

Australia Hurst migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hurst Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Hurst, English convict from Suffolk, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • Joseph Hurst, English convict from Warwick, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • William Hurst, English convict from Cambridge, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [6]
  • Mr. George Hurst, British convict who was convicted in Sussex, England for life, transported aboard the "Asia" on 29th September 1831, settling in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • Mr. William Hurst, English convict who was convicted in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Aurora" on 3rd November 1833, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Hurst migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hurst Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • William Hurst, aged 42, a gardener, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • Mary Ann Hurst, aged 35, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • Amelia Hurst, aged 13, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • Alfred William Hurst, aged 12, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • Alexander Hurst, aged 9, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Hurst (post 1700) +

  • John Fletcher Hurst (1834-1903), American bishop in the Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Bruce Vee Hurst (b. 1958), American former Major League Baseball left-handed starting pitcher
  • William Hansel Hurst (b. 1970), retired Major League Baseball player
  • Ryan Douglas Hurst (b. 1976), American actor
  • Pat Hurst (b. 1969), American LPGA professional golfer
  • Tim Hurst (1865-1915), American baseball player and umpire
  • Fannie Hurst (1889-1968), American author
  • Charles R. Hurst, American Democrat politician, Member of Illinois Democratic State Committee, 1838-39 [9]
  • Carlton Bailey Hurst (b. 1867), American politician, U.S. Consul in Catania, 1892-93; Crefeld, 1893-95; Prague, 1895-97; La Guaira, 1904-05; Plauen, 1905-10; Lyon, 1910-13; U.S. Consul General in Vienna, 1897-1903 [9]
  • Carlton Hurst, American politician, U.S. Vice Consul in Madrid, 1917; Seville, 1919; Bremerhaven, 1926; Paris, 1929; U.S. Consul in Nogales, 1932; Havana, 1938; Georgetown, 1943 [9]
  • ... (Another 52 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Hood
  • Mr. Henry Hurst (b. 1895), Irish Commander Surgeon serving for the Royal Navy from Bantry, County Cork, Ireland, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [10]
  • Mr. Christopher W Hurst (b. 1917), English Coder serving for the Royal Navy from Catford, London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [10]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Frank Hurst (1914-1939), British Electrical Artificer 4th Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [11]
Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)
  • Roger Elwood Hurst (1950-1988), American Marketing Manager from Ringwood, New Jersey, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [12]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Charles John Hurst (d. 1912), aged 35, English Fireman/Stoker from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [13]
  • Mr. Walter Hurst, aged 23, English Fireman/Stoker from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping on collapsible B [13]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Milton T. Hurst, American Aviation Machinist's Mate Third Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [14]


The Hurst Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Pro Deo et rege
Motto Translation: For God and the king.


  1. ^ Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 12th January 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1831
  8. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 20th August 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/aurora
  9. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 9) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  10. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  11. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  12. ^ Pan Am Flight 103's victims: A list of those killed 25 years ago | syracuse.com. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/pan_am_flight_103s_victims_a_list_of_those_killed_25_years_ago.html
  13. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  14. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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