The ancestors of the bearers of the Horlay family name are thought have lived in ancient Anglo-Saxon England
. They were first found in Harley, a place-name found in Shropshire
and in the West Riding of Yorkshire
. The place-name is derived from the Old English words hare,
which meant hare or rabbit, and leah,
which meant forest clearing. The name as a whole meant "clearing with lots of rabbits." The original bearers of the name lived near or in such a clearing.
Early Origins of the Horlay family
The surname Horlay was first found in Shropshire
where "it appears that Edward and Hernulf, living in the first half of the twelfth century, were lords of Harley, and the ancestors of the race who were afterwards denominated therefrom. Sixth in descent from William de Harley living in 1231 was Sir Robert de Harley." CITATION[CLOSE]
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
"In an ancient leiger book of the abbey of Pershore, in Worcestershire
is a commemoration of a noble warrior of this name, who commanding an army under Ethelred, king of England
, in his wars against Sweyn, king of Denmark, gave the Danes a great defeat near that town, about the year 1013." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
By the Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273, the name was scattered throughout Britain: Henry de Herley in Berkshire; and Clemens de Herleghe in Somerset
. The Yorkshire Poll Tax
Rolls of 1379 lists Matilda Herlay and Willelmus Herlay. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Further north in Scotland
, listings of the family were found in Fife
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
Early History of the Horlay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Horlay research.Another 201 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1098, 1782, 1319, 1354, 1558, 1549, 1579, 1656, 1624, 1700, 1664, 1735, 1703, 1735, 1695, 1698, 1661 and 1724 are included under the topic Early Horlay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Horlay Spelling Variations
Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon
surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. Changes in Anglo-Saxon
names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Horlay include Harley, Hurley, Harrily and others.
Early Notables of the Horlay family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include William Hurley (known works 1319-1354), king's master carpenter for King Edward III; John Harley (died 1558), an English Bishop of Hereford; John Harley, High Sheriff
in 1549; Sir Robert Harley (1579-1656), an English statesman who served as Master of the... Another 48 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Horlay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Horlay family to Ireland
Some of the Horlay family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 41 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Horlay family to the New World and Oceana
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Horlay or a variant listed above: Edmund Harley settled in Maryland in 1725; Charles, Dennis, Edward, James, John, Michael, Patrick, Thomas and William Harley, all arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860..
The Horlay Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Virtute et fide
Motto Translation: By valour and faith.