The name Horkesford reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Horkesford family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Horkesford family lived at Axford, in the county of Wiltshire
. Checking further we found the name was derived from the Old English words aesc
meaning ash tree
Early Origins of the Horkesford family
The surname Horkesford was first found in Wiltshire
at Axford, a hamlet in the Kennet Valley which dates back to 1184 when it was listed as Axeford. The place name literally means "ford by the ash-trees," having derived from the Old English words "aesc" + "ford." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
The family held a family seat
at Ramsbury from ancient times. Today, Ramsbury is a village and civil parish that includes the hamlet Axford. It was originally spelt Ramesberrie. Ramsbury at the time of the Domesday Book
was one of the larger holdings in the county of Wiltshire
and consisted of 10 Mills. It was held by the Bishop of Salisbury. It also included Axford's Farm, from which the Axford family name is conjecturally descended. Axford's Farm is noted for its water mill. Axford is also a village in Hampshire
, part of the civil parish of Nutley.
Early History of the Horkesford family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Horkesford research.Another 83 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 121 and 1216 are included under the topic Early Horkesford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Horkesford Spelling Variations
Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Horkesford family name include Axford, Acksford, Ackford, Hackford, Hacksford, Hawksford, Hawkford, Hawkesford and many more.
Early Notables of the Horkesford family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Horkesford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Horkesford family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Horkesford family to immigrate North America: Ephraim Axford who settled in Virginia in 1670; Richard Axford who landed in Maryland in 1660; William Hawksford settled in Maryland in 1775.