Hooker History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Hooker is part of the ancient legacy of the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name was taken on by someone who worked as a person who made hooks or an agricultural worker who used hooks. The name Hooker was also applied to someone who lived near a bend or hill-spur. The surname Hooker is derived from the Old English word hoc, which means hook. [1]

"The original name of the family was Vowell, but in the fifteenth century members of it called themselves Vowell alias Hooker or Hoker, and in the sixteenth century the original name was generally dropped." [2]

One other source confirms this name change, but it should be noted that only one branch did so. "The original name was Vowell or Fowell, and the family had been seated at Fowelscombe t. Henry IV. or earlier; and a younger son marrying an heiress assumed the name of Hooker." [3]

Early Origins of the Hooker family

The surname Hooker was first found in the source Liber Elienis where Osmundus cognomento Hocere was recorded c. 975. From this earliest entry in Latin and in Saxon times, we move to Norfolk where William, Osbert Hoker(e) was found in the Pipe Rolls of 1199, and later in the Assize Rolls for Lincolnshire in 1219. John le Hoker, le Houker was found in the Subsidy Rolls for Sussex in 1327 and 1332. [4]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 revealed Robert le Hoker, Kent; and Hugh Hoker, Norfolk. [5]

Early History of the Hooker family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hooker research. Another 82 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1199, 1558, 1526, 1601, 1526, 1529, 1554, 1600, 1553, 1493, 1537, 1490, 1529, 1586 and 1647 are included under the topic Early Hooker History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hooker Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Hooker include Hooker, Hookers and others.

Early Notables of the Hooker family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include John Hooker alias Vowell (1526?-1601), English antiquary and Chamberlain of Exeter, born there in or about 1526, being the second son of Robert Hooker, who was Mayor of Exeter in 1529. [2] Richard Hooker (1554?-1600) was a noted English theologian who wrote "The Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity." he was born at Heavitree, Exeter, probably in March 1553-4. The original name of the family was Vowell, but in the fifteenth century members of it called themselves Vowell alias Hooker or Hoker, and in the sixteenth century...
Another 91 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hooker Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Hooker migration to the United States +

A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants:

Hooker Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Thomas Hooker, who settled in Virginia in 1623
  • Joanna, John, Mary, Robert, Samuel, Sarah, Susannah, and Thomas Hooker, who settled in Cambridge Massachusetts in 1633
  • Thomas Hooker, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1633 [6]
  • Peter Hooker, who arrived in Virginia in 1636 [6]
  • Tho Hooker, who landed in Virginia in 1643 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hooker Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • George Wilhelm Hooker, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1753 [6]
  • Thomas Hooker, who settled in Maryland in 1774
  • Henry Hooker, who arrived in New York in 1785 [6]
Hooker Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Frederick Hooker, who arrived in Mississippi in 1836 [6]

Australia Hooker migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hooker Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • James Hooker, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Royal Admiral" in 1838 [7]
  • Rosa Hooker, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Royal Admiral" in 1838 [7]
  • Oliver Hooker, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Waterloo" in 1840 [8]
  • James Hooker, aged 22, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Charlotte Jane" [9]
  • Charles Hooker, aged 19, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Anglia" [10]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Hooker migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hooker Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • C Hooker, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • Mrs Hooker, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1841
  • Mr. John Hooker, (b. 1805), aged 35, Cornish blacksmith born in St. Just travelling from Plymouth aboard the ship "Timandra" arriving in New Plymouth, Taranaki, North Island, New Zealand on 24th February 1842 [11]
  • Mrs. Jane Hooker, (b. 1802), aged 38, Cornish settler born in St. Just travelling from Plymouth aboard the ship "Timandra" arriving in New Plymouth, Taranaki, North Island, New Zealand on 24th February 1842 [11]
  • Mr. Nathaniel Hooker, (b. 1830), aged 11, Cornish settler born in St. Just travelling from Plymouth aboard the ship "Timandra" arriving in New Plymouth, Taranaki, North Island, New Zealand on 24th February 1842 [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Hooker (post 1700) +

  • William Hooker (b. 1946), American jazz drummer and composer
  • John Lee Hooker (1917-2001), American Grammy Award winning blues singer, songwriter, and guitarist
  • Joseph Hooker (1817-1879), American Civil War Major General in the Union Army during the American Civil War
  • John Jay Hooker Jr. (1930-2016), American attorney, entrepreneur, political gadfly and Democratic nominee for Governor of Tennessee in 1970 and 1998
  • Edward Williams Hooker (1865-1915), American Republican politician, Member of Connecticut State House of Representatives from Hartford, 1907-08; Mayor of Hartford, Connecticut, 1908-10
  • Edward Hooker, American politician, Member of Connecticut State House of Representatives from Farmington, 1835, 1837-38
  • DeWitt Hooker, American politician, Representative from New York 27th District, 1892
  • David G. Hooker (1830-1888), American Democrat politician, Mayor of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1873
  • Cortez Perry Hooker (1814-1886), American politician, Member of Michigan State Senate 30th District, 1855
  • Charles Edward Hooker (1825-1914), American Democrat politician, Member of Mississippi State House of Representatives, 1859; Mississippi State Attorney General, 1865
  • ... (Another 38 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Dorsetshire
  • George Frederick Crawford Hooker (d. 1945), British Lieutenant Engineer aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [12]


Suggested Readings for the name Hooker +

  • 1883 "Descendants and Ancestors of Benjamin and Ann Frizelle Hooker (also Hook), 1976, with 1977 and 1978 & 1979 Supplements and Revisions Added" by Malcolm D. Hooker, "Henry Hooker and Descendants, 1793-1990" by Jerry Samuel Hooker.

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  3. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  4. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  5. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) ROYAL ADMIRAL 1838. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1838RoyalAdmiral.htm
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) WATERLOO 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Waterloo.htm
  9. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CHARLOTTE JANE 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/charlottejane1852.shtml
  10. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) ANGLIA 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/anglia1852.shtml
  11. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  12. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html


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