The ancestors of the Hitend family arrived in England
following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The name Hitend came from the Old Norman female personal name Idunn,
which is thought to be composed of the elements idja,
which means to work or perform,
which means to love.
While most surnames adapted from personal names descend through patronymic
lineage, the name Iddon is a relatively rare case of a metronymic name. While patronymic lineage was traditional in Norman society, in cases such as when a man had a second family and wished to distinguish between the two groups the children may have adopted the name of the mother.
Early Origins of the Hitend family
The surname Hitend was first found in Sussex
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Iden. The village of Iden appeared in the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
a census taken by Duke William of Normandy
in 1086 after his conquest of England
in 1066 A.D. At this time the village was held by Geoffrey and Leofwin from the Count of Eu, the tenant-in-chief. Conjecturally this family name is descended from one of those Norman nobles. The village, originally spelt 'Idene' is the name of a Norse goddess. From about the 16th century the name was more popularly spelt Iddon.
Early History of the Hitend family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hitend research.Another 127 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hitend History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Hitend Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred
years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Hitend are characterized by many spelling variations
. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Hitend include Iddon, Idon, Iden, Idens, Iddin, Iddins, Hidden and many more.
Early Notables of the Hitend family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Hitend Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Hitend family to the New World and Oceana
Faced with the chaos present in England
at that time, many English families looked towards the open frontiers of the New World with its opportunities to escape oppression and starvation. People migrated to North America, as well as Australia
in droves, paying exorbitant rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, but those who did see the shores of North America were welcomed with great opportunity. Many of the families that came from England
went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Hitend, or a variant listed above: E. Hidden who settled in New York State in 1823; Sarah Hiden settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1764; Frederick Iddins settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1837.