Higginson History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The original Gaelic form of Higginson was O hUgin, which is derived from the word uiging, which is akin to the Norse word viking.

Early Origins of the Higginson family

The surname Higginson was first found in County Sligo (Irish: Sligeach), in the province of Connacht in Northwestern Ireland, where they held a family seat from early times.

Important Dates for the Higginson family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Higginson research. Another 115 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1764, 1588, 1630, 1629, 1630, 1616, 1708, 1652, 1708, 1692 and 1698 are included under the topic Early Higginson History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Higginson Spelling Variations

People who were accounted for by scribes and church officials often had their name recorded many different ways because pronunciation was the only guide those scribes and church officials had to go by. This resulted in the problem of one person's name being recorded under several different variations, creating the illusion of more than one person. Among the many spelling variations of the surname Higginson that are preserved in archival documents are Higginson, Hickinson, Hickenson, Hickeson and many more.

Early Notables of the Higginson family (pre 1700)

Notable among the family name at this time was Isabel Hickinson who was buried at St. Johns Church, Dublin. Francis Higginson (1588-1630), was an English-born Puritan minister who led a group of about 350 settlers on six ships from England to New England in 1629, one year before the Winthrop Fleet. He became the first minister of Salem, Massachusetts. A portion of his diary was published in 1630 under the title, "New Englands Plantation, or a Short and True...
Another 79 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Higginson Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Higginson migration to the United States

Irish families left their homeland in astonishing numbers during the 19th century in search of a better life. Although individual reasons vary, most of these Irish families suffered from extreme poverty, lack of work opportunities, and exorbitant rents in their homeland. Many decided to travel to Australia or North America in the hopes of finding greater opportunities and land. The Irish immigrants that came to North America initially settled on the East Coast, often in major centers such as Boston or New York. But like the many other cultures to settle in North America, the Irish traveled to almost any region they felt held greater promise; as a result, many Irish with gold fever moved all the way out to the Pacific coast. Others before that time left for land along the St. Lawrence River and the Niagara Peninsula, or the Maritimes as United Empire Loyalists, for many Irish did choose to side with the English during the American War of Independence. The earliest wave of Irish migration, however, occurred during the Great Potato Famine of the 1840s. An examination of early immigration and passenger lists has revealed many people bearing the Higginson name:

Higginson Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Anne, Charles, Frances, John, Mary, Neophytus, Samuel, Pheophilus, Timothy Higginson, who all, who settled in Salem, Massachusetts in 1629
  • John Higginson, who landed in New England in 1629 [1]
  • Francis Higginson, who arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1629 [1]
  • Humfrey Higginson, aged 28, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [1]
  • Humphrey Higginson, who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Higginson Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Abbigal Higginson, who landed in Virginia in 1701 [1]
  • Stewart Higginson, who landed in Mississippi in 1798 [1]
Higginson Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Charles Higginson, who landed in New York, NY in 1834 [1]
  • W Higginson, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [1]
  • Thomas Higginson, who arrived in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1886 [1]

Higginson migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Higginson Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Mrs. Martha Higginson, aged 24 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Yorkshire" departing from the port of Liverpool, England but died on Grosse Isle In September 1847 [2]

Higginson migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Higginson Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Richard Higginson, English convict from Warwick, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [3]
  • Henry Higginson, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Calphurnia" in 1849 [4]
  • Sarah Higginson, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Calphurnia" in 1849 [4]

Higginson migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Higginson Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • James Higginson, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Phoenix" in 1860
  • John Higginson, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Portland" in 1864
  • James Higginson, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Owen Glendowner" in 1864
  • Amelia Higginson, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Owen Glendowner" in 1864
  • William Higginson, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Owen Glendowner" in 1864
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Higginson (post 1700)

  • William J. Higginson (1938-2008), American poet, translator, and author
  • Henry Lee Higginson (1834-1919), American banker and philanthropist and founder of the Boston Symphony Orchestra
  • Thomas Wentworth Higginson (1823-1911), American author, abolitionist, and soldier
  • Stephen Higginson (1743-1828), American politician, Delegate to Continental Congress from Massachusetts, 1783 [5]
  • Jerry C. Higginson, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Utah, 1972 [5]
  • James Macaulay Higginson (1805-1885), British Governor of Antigua from 1847 to 1850
  • Lyall Higginson, Canadian Cardiologist and former Chief of Staff of the University of Ottawa Heart Institute
  • Torri Higginson (b. 1969), award winning Canadian stage and film actress
  • General Sir George Wentworth Alexander Higginson GCB, GCVO (1826-1927), British Crimean War hero
  • Stephen Higginson Tyng (1800-1885), American leading clergyman of the evangelical party of the Episcopal Church

Historic Events for the Higginson family

HMS Hood
  • Mr. William Higginson (b. 1902), English Stoker 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Southampton, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [6]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Hyram Higginson, British Wireman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [7]

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 33)
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The CALPHURNIA 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Calpurnia.htm
  5. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 20) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  6. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  7. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
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