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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


From the historical and enchanting region of Scotland emerged a multitude of noble families, including the distinguished Hemel family. Originally, the Scottish people were known only by a single name. The process by which hereditary surnames were adopted in Scotland is extremely interesting. Surnames evolved during the Middle Ages when people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Often they adopted names that were derived from nicknames. Nickname surnames were derived from an eke-name, or added name. They usually reflected the physical characteristics or attributes of the first person that used the name. The name Hemel is a nickname type of surname Anglicized from the Gaelic name O'hAdhmaill, which means active.

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The surname Hemel was first found in Normandy, where Robert, Ranulph, Turstan and Savaric Hamel were recorded in 1180. From Normandy they branched to England in the wake of the Conquest. Shortly after their arrival in England members of the family moved to Scotland, and throughout the following centuries branches of this family were to remain in France as well as in their new homelands.

Spelling variations of this family name include: Hamill, Hammill, Hamil, Hommill, Homill, Homil, Hammel, Hammell and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hemel research. Another 342 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1143, 1194, 1206, 1214, 1379, 1418, and 1497 are included under the topic Early Hemel History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Hemel Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Hemel family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 125 words (9 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Hemel Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Friedrich Hemel, who arrived in North America in 1836
  • Frederick Hemel, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1850

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  1. Browne, James. The History of Scotland it's Highlands, Regiments and Clans 8 Volumes. Edinburgh: Francis A Niccolls & Co, 1909. Print.
  2. Martine, Roddy, Roderick Martine and Don Pottinger. Scottish Clan and Family Names Their Arms, Origins and Tartans. Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1992. Print.
  3. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  4. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and Don Pottinger. Clan Map Scotland of Old. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1983. Print.
  5. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  6. Skene, William Forbes Edition. Chronicles of the Picts, Chronicles of the Scots and Other Early Memorials of Scottish History. Edinburgh: H.M. General Register House, 1867. Print.
  7. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
  8. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry Including American Families with British Ancestry 2 Volumes. London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  9. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  10. Urquhart, Blair Edition. Tartans The New Compact Study Guide and Identifier. Secauccus, NJ: Chartwell Books, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0-7858-0050-6).
  11. ...

The Hemel Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Hemel Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 23 September 2010 at 15:38.

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