The spelling and overall form of Irish names tend to vary widely over time. The original Gaelic form of the name Heardegend is O hArtigain, which connotes a descendant of Art.
Early Origins of the Heardegend family
The surname Heardegend was first found in counties Clare and Limerick
(Irish: Luimneach) located in Southwestern Ireland
, in the province of Munster
, where they held a family seat
from ancient times.
One of the first records of the family was of Cineth O'Hartigan (died 975), an Irish poet from the north of Ireland, perhaps best known for his "Dinnsenchus," a work which relates the legendary history of the duns, lakes, plains and mountains of Ireland. It gives a prose account of each place, followed by an account in verse.
Early History of the Heardegend family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Heardegend research.Another 214 words (15 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Heardegend History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Heardegend Spelling Variations
Irish names recorded during the Middle Ages are characterized by many spelling variations
. This preponderance of variations for common names can be explained by the fact that the scribes and church officials that kept records during that period individually decided how to capture one's name. These recorders primarily based their decisions on how the name was pronounced or what it meant. Research into the name Heardegend revealed many variations, including Hartigan, O'Hartigan, Hartagan, Hartegan, Hartigon, Hartagon and many more.
Early Notables of the Heardegend family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Heardegend Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Heardegend family to the New World and Oceana
Under the rule of England
, land ownership in Ireland
changed dramatically, and many native Irish families
found themselves renting out land to farm from absentee owners. This was one of the prime reasons that immigration to North America began in the late 18th century: Irish farmers dreamed of owning their own parcel of land to work for themselves. At this point, the immigrants were at least of modest means for the passage across the Atlantic was often quite dear. In the 1840s the Great Potato Famine
created an exodus of people of quite different means. These people were most often destitute: they either sold anything they had to gain a passage or they were sponsored by philanthropic societies. Many of these immigrants were sick from disease and starvation: as a result many did not survive the long transatlantic journey. Although those settlers that did survive were often despised and discriminated against by people already established in these nations, they were critical to rapid development of the powerful industrial nations of the United States and the country that would later become known as Canada. An examination of immigration and passenger lists shows many persons bearing the name of Heardegend or one of its variants: James, Michael, Patrick and Thomas Hartigan arrived in Canada in 1839; Michael Hartigan arrived in Baltimore with his wife and five children in 1820. In Newfoundland, Denis settled in St. John's in 1804.