Hawthorne History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The ancestors of the name Hawthorne date back to the days of the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from their residence in the settlement of Hawthorn in the county of Durham, or near a hawthorn shrub or tree. Thus, the surname Hawthorne belongs both the category of habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads, and to the class of topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees. The surname Hawthorne is derived from the Old English word haguthorn, which means hawthorn.

Early Origins of the Hawthorne family

The surname Hawthorne was first found in Durham at Hawthorn, a township in the parish of Easington. The township dates back to 1155 when it was originally spelt Hagethorn and literally meant "place at the hawthorn," from the Old English "hagu-thorn." [1] The place is most significant as "on the 5th of November, 1824, not less than 50 vessels perished in a storm immediately off this part, and the crews of all were lost, with the exception of the crew of one only, who were enabled to effect their escape by means of a rope, thrown from the vessel, and brought to land by a Newfoundland dog belonging to Major Anderson." [2] "The New England family of this name left this country [(England)] in or before 1634, and until recently wrote themselves Hathorne." [3] In Scotland, the name is an old Galloway name. "A family of the name were proprietors of Meikle or Over Aires in the parish of Kirkinner." [4] In other parts of England, the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 revealed: Galfridus Hackthom in Huntingdonshire; and John atte Horethorne in Somerset. [5]

Important Dates for the Hawthorne family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hawthorne research. Another 143 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1455, 1484, 1602, 1628, 1606, 1681, 1630, 1641, 1717, 1692, 1804, 1864 and are included under the topic Early Hawthorne History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hawthorne Spelling Variations

Hawthorne has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Many variations of the name Hawthorne have been found, including Hawthorne, Hathorne, Hawthorn and others.

Early Notables of the Hawthorne family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include Major William Hathorne (ca. 1606-1681), English immigrant to North America in 1630; and his son, John Hathorne (1641-1717), a merchant and magistrate of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Justice of the Special Court...
Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hawthorne Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Hawthorne family to Ireland

Some of the Hawthorne family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 60 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hawthorne migration to the United States

In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Hawthornes to arrive on North American shores:

Hawthorne Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • William Hawthorne, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1869 [6]
  • Frank Hawthorne, who landed in Allegany (Alieghtny) County, Pennsylvania in 1878 [6]
  • James Hawthorne, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1879 [6]
  • John Hawthorne, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1879 [6]
  • Arthur Hawthorne, who arrived in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1886 [6]

Hawthorne migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hawthorne Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Henry Hawthorne, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Anson" on September 23, 1843, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [7]
  • Edward Hawthorne, aged 18, a labourer, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "British Empire" in 1850 [8]
  • Thomas Hawthorne, aged 20, a labourer, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "British Empire" in 1850 [8]
  • Edward Hawthorne, aged 18, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "British Empire" [8]
  • Thomas Hawthorne, aged 20, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "British Empire" [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Hawthorne migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hawthorne Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. James Hawthorne, (b. 1860), aged 22, Scottish settler travelling from Scotland (possible Greenock) aboard the ship "Wellington" arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 8th March 1883, heading for Invercargill [9]
  • Mr. Matthew Hawthorne, (b. 1873), aged 9, Scottish settler travelling from Scotland (possible Greenock) aboard the ship "Wellington" arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 8th March 1883, heading for Invercargill [9]
  • James Hawthorne, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ionic" in 1884

Contemporary Notables of the name Hawthorne (post 1700)

  • Lowell Hawthorne (1960-2017), Jamaican-born American entrepreneur, founder and CEO of Golden Krust Caribbean Bakery & Grill with over 100 locations
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864), American writer, best known for his short stories and romances "The Scarlett Letter" and "The House of the Seven Gables"
  • Greg Hawthorne, former American NFL football player
  • Charles Webster Hawthorne (1872-1930), American painter
  • Sir Nigel Barnard Hawthorne CBE (1929-2001), renowned English actor, best known for his portrayal as Sir Humphrey Appleby, the Permanent Secretary in the 1980s sitcom Yes Minister and the Cabinet Secretary in its sequel, Yes, Prime Minister; winner of six BAFTA TV Awards
  • Sir William Hawthorne (b. 1913), British professor of engineering who worked on the development of the jet engine
  • Phil Hawthorne, Australian rugby player
  • Robert Hawthorne (1822-1879), Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Frank Hawthorne (b. 1946), Canadian mineralogist and crystallographer
  • Rose Hawthorne Lathrop (1851-1926), American Roman Catholic nun and social worker

Historic Events for the Hawthorne family

HMS Hood
  • Mr. John W Hawthorne (b. 1902), English Chief Petty Officer Cook (O) serving for the Royal Navy from Farnborough, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [10]
  • Mr. Arthur W Hawthorne (b. 1915), English Wireman serving for the Royal Navy from Coventry, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [10]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Joseph Hawthorne, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [11]

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Citations

  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  4. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  5. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Anson voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1843 with 499 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/anson/1843
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRITISH EMPIRE 1850. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850BritishEmpire.htm
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  11. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
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