Hawes History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Hawes is from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of the Britain and comes from the Old French personal name Haueis and the Old German personal name Hadewidis, which literally means battlewide. The surname Hawes may also be derived from residence "at the haw", which refers to a garth, yard, or enclosure. [1]

Another source presumes that the name was derived from "dweller by the enclosure", from the Old English "haga" or Old Norse "hagi." "Hawe is clearly a pet-form of some common name, but of what it is difficult to decide. It may be for Old English for 'Hafoc.' " [2]

Early Origins of the Hawes family

The surname Hawes was first found in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 where we found Alan del Hawes, Cambridgeshire; John de la Hawe, Huntingdonshire; Peter in le Hawe, Kent; Reginald filius Hawise, Cambridgeshire; Richard Hawyse, Oxfordshire; and Hawis de Stanweye, Norfolk. [1]

In the early years, the name was used as both a forename and surname as seen by this entry in the Assize Rolls for Cheshire in 1286: Hawe de Bolinton. And more often than not, the name was used in a singular form as in William and Thomas Hawe who were listed in the Susidy Rolls of 1275 in Worcestershire. [2]

Early Norfolk records showed Maurice atte-Hawe, was Rector of Frethorp, Norfolk in 1349 and William atte-Hawe, was Rector of Newton, Norfolk in 1362. [3]

In the far south and west, in the parish of Stratton, Cornwall we found this interesting entry for the family: "Towards the conclusion of the fourteenth century, these estates were carried by an heiress to Sir Richard Haweis, whose daughter married, first, Sir John Tresilian, chief justice of the King's Bench, and, then Sir, John Coleshill, to whom Guy de Blanchminster rector of Lansalloes, released in 1393, all right in the manors of Stratton and Binnamy. From this family they were carried by an heiress to a younger branch of the Arundells, which becoming extinct, they were divided among its numerous representatives." [4]

Early History of the Hawes family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hawes research. Another 194 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1327, 1379, 1378, 1332, 1523, 1606, 1606, 1603, 1668, 1603, 1604, 1623, 1627, 1665 and 1731 are included under the topic Early Hawes History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hawes Spelling Variations

The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Hawes has been spelled many different ways, including Hawes, Hawe, Haugh, Haughes, Hause and others.

Early Notables of the Hawes family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Stephen Hawes (died 1523), a popular English poet during the Tudor period. His best known work was "The History of Graunde Amour and la Bel Pucel, conteining the knowledge of the Seven Sciences and the Course of Mans Life in this Woride or The Passetyme of Pleasure." Edward Hawes ( fl. 1606), was an English poet, was author of 'Trayterous Percyes and Catesbyes Prosopopeia. Written by Edward Hawes, Scholler at Westminster, a Youth of sixteene yeers...
Another 82 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hawes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Hawes migration to the United States +

Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Hawess to arrive in North America:

Hawes Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Edmond Hawes, who brought his wife and children to New England in 1635
  • Reginoll Hawes settled his family in Virginia in 1635
  • Anna Hawes, aged 2, who landed in New England in 1635 [5]
  • Edmund Hawes, who landed in New England in 1635 [5]
  • Obediah Hawes, who arrived in New England in 1635 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hawes Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Benjamin Hawes, who settled in Virginia in 1730
  • Peter Hawes, aged 18, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1741 [5]
Hawes Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Siday Hawes, who landed in New York in 1832 [5]
  • Joseph Hawes, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [5]

Canada Hawes migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Hawes Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Benjamin Hawes, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Elizabeth Hawes, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mary Hawes, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Sary Hawes, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Sarah Hawes, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1778

Australia Hawes migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hawes Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. James Hawes, British convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for life, transported aboard the "Asia" on 19th November 1827, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Mr. John Hawes, (b. 1792), aged 42, English convict who was convicted in South Holland, (Parts of Holland), Lincolnshire, England for 14 years for robbery, transported aboard the "Bengal Merchant" on 27th September 1834, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1837 [7]
  • Mr. John Hawes, English convict who was convicted in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Barossa" on 9th May 1844, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [8]
  • Richard James Hawes, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "John Woodall" in 1849 [9]
  • Patrick Hawes, aged 23, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Trafalgar" [10]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Hawes migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hawes Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mary A. Hawes, aged 25, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Woodlark" in 1874
  • Mr. Charles Hawes, (b. 1853), aged 21, Cornish painter departing on 10th June 1874 aboard the ship "Cathcart" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 29th August 1874 [11]
  • Miss Mary Hawes, (b. 1851), aged 23, Cornish settler departing on 10th June 1874 aboard the ship "Cathcart" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 29th August 1874 [11]
  • Alfred Hawes, aged 18, a carpenter, who arrived in Hawkes Bay aboard the ship "Countess of Kintore" in 1875
  • Edward Hawes, aged 29, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Blairgowrie" in 1875
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Hawes (post 1700) +

  • Roy Lee Hawes (1926-2017), American Major League Baseball player who appeared in three games for the Washington Senators in 1951
  • Hampton Hawes (1928-1977), American bebop and hard-bop jazz pianist
  • Elizabeth Hawes (1903-1971), American clothing designer
  • Spencer Hawes (b. 1988), American college basketball player
  • Bryan Hawes, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Kansas, 1952 [12]
  • Benjamin W. Hawes, American politician, Mayor of Owensboro, Kentucky, 1959-60 [12]
  • Aylett Hawes (1768-1833), American Democrat politician, Member of Virginia State Legislature, 1802; U.S. Representative from Virginia, 1811-17 [12]
  • Arthur G. Hawes, American politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from New Jersey 1st District, 1920 [12]
  • Alexander B. Hawes, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from District of Columbia, 1956 [12]
  • Albert Sidney Hawes (1864-1936), American politician, Member of Georgia State House of Representatives from Elbert County, 1927-28 [12]
  • ... (Another 40 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Halifax Explosion
  • Master Hawes, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [13]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Barry Hawes, British Marine with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [14]


  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Page, William (ed), A History of the County of Norfolk. London: Victoria County History, 1906. Print
  4. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 8th January 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1827
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 7th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bengal-merchant
  8. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 24th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/barossa
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) JOHN WOODALL 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849JohnWoodall.htm
  10. ^ South Australian Register Thursday 29th June 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Trafalgar 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/trafalgar1854.shtml.
  11. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Lyttelton 1858-84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  12. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 14) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  13. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  14. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html


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