Hartkill History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The Hartkill surname is derived from the Old English words "heorot," which means "hart" and "hyll," meaning hill, and the surname no doubt comes from one of several places so named in England and Scotland. 
Harthill, in Southern Yorkshire, was given to William de Warrenne in 1086, as part of his reward for his role in the Norman Conquest. There is also a Harthill in Cheshire and Derbyshire. 
Early Origins of the Hartkill family
The surname Hartkill was first found in Warwickshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. One of the first records of the family was Ralph Hardel, who was Lord Mayor of London (1254-1257.)
Another source claims a different forename: "Richard Hardell was joint-sheriff of London and Middlesex: and from 1254 to 1257 Lord Mayor. " 
"William Hardell was of Kent, and Robert Hardell of Buckinghamshire, in the reign of Ed. I. - Rotuli Hundredorum. At nearly the same date we find in Essex a Sir John Hardel, the husband of Lady Alice Beaumont, who had two daughters and coheirs: Helen, married to Sir William de Hareburgh: and Alice, the wife of William Fitz Warin, then Valectus, or gentleman of the Bedchamber, to Edward I. Robert Hardell occurs in the Norman Exchequer Rolls between 1198 and 1203." 
Early History of the Hartkill family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hartkill research. Another 126 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1510, 1600, 1100, 1167, 1455 and 1487 are included under the topic Early Hartkill History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Hartkill Spelling Variations
One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations under which the name Hartkill has appeared include Harthill, Harthull, Hartgill, Hartgull, Harthall, Hartgall, Hartill, Hartull and many more.
Early Notables of the Hartkill family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Hartkill Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Hartkill family
At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Hartkill arrived in North America very early: Alexander Harthill and W.H. Harthill, who were both recorded in Toronto in the Ontario census of 1871; F. Henry Hartall, who was naturalized in Illinois in 1884.
Related Stories +
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Cleveland, Dutchess of The Battle Abbey Roll with some Account of the Norman Lineages. London: John Murray, Abermarle Street, 1889. Print. Volume 2 of 3